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Today I represent Vilnius Gediminas Technical University Press and the Association of Lithuanian Serials. They are both proud to be members of CrossRef.I understand that some of my thoughts or comments might seem evident or simple; however this experience comes from working at VGTU Press as well as from collaborating with a number of academic publishers in Lithuania and Eastern Europe.
VGTU Press publishes 19 research peer-reviewed journals: 12 are co-published with Taylor and Francis whereas 7 — without any partners. We also annually publish about 170 academic books (textbooks, monographs, doctoral theses, study books, etc.) both in print and electronic format as well.Mostly universities develop and oversee the traditional scholarly publishing in Lithuania. They receive practically no funding for publishing from the state or commercial organisations. In addition, even though researchers produce numerous books, there are no separate trade publishers in Lithuania. The size of the Lithuanian market might be the reason. Due to the system of assessment, the Lithuanian researchers are forced to submit their articles to prestigious journals often published by foreign publishers. To survive, the Lithuanian research journals are looking for not only foreign authors but publishing partnership as well.
There are more than 250 peer-reviewed research journals publishedin Lithuania. The Association of Lithuanian Serials is an umbrella organisation for approximately 90 Lithuanian research journals. The current data shows that 210 research journals have at least websites and could be findon the Internet in 2012. However, publishing quality is hardly improving. The Lithuanian journals were well rated by well-known databases. There are about 30 Lithuanian journals in the Web of Science and about 37 in Scopus. We could say that this shows the content quality of journals.
In contrast with the UK, where journal publishing has a deep traditions and journals are publicisedby experienced professional publishers, Lithuanian research journals’ publishing is in the hands of academics mostly. They are not only responsible for peer-reviewing and content managing, but also for language polishing, typesetting, copy-editing, printing, dissemination, on-line publication, etc. Obviously, the Lithuanian journals published by researchers are not properly presented on the Internet as e-publishing requires professional knowledge. However, when e-publishing has reached its maternity and started implementing alt-metrics and nano-publications, Lithuanian journals’ publishing is still there in the past.
Meanwhile, it was just recently that the many of the Lithuanian journals started registering DOIs. Yet the breakthrough has already taken place and the number of CrossRef members in Lithuania is growing fast with their e-publishing improving as well.it should be said that innovations have become essential in contemporary journal publishing; however, they require considerable financial and human resources which are usually problematic for small publishers in small countries. Fortunately, we have CrossRef. It is so much easier to follow the steps of organisation which is much more experienced in academic e-publishingand is confident.
Other scholarly societies publish only one or two journals each, thus publishing is only an additional activity. Only a few small private companies publish several academic journals.Currently, only 57 Lithuanian journals receive a partial state funding which will last until 2014. Unfortunately, this funding usually covers copy-editing and traditional typesetting only. The Lithuanian Research Council initiated a project for funding researchers involved in Open Access publishing. However, journals have to be highly rated.
The Law on Public Procurement regulates the use of funds in state institutions including universities.The budget cycle starts in January and ends in December. Only small tenders can be conducted in the form of an inquiry (asking no less than three suppliers to submit a proposal), while larger ones require for an open tender. A successful tenderer can sign a contract for no longer than three years. Once the contractual period is over, all procurement procedures have to be started again.
Although DOI implementation did not require huge investments, but are veryimportant for journals that are published on-line. In 2008, we had a primitive journals’ website created by VGTU IT specialists who were good at creating websites in general but were not aware of features required for research journal e-publishing and their importance for academics. I noticed that once our journal websites were restructured according to simple CrossRef requirements and, required indexing lines were added to metadata, the website attendance has increased (according to Google Analytics). My experience shows that help of a smart and skilful IT specialist is necessary to make the journalsystems to operate fluently. While only a detail-oriented and smart personis required to implement CrossRef Services for your journals.
Our staff predominantly consist of young employees, many of whom are students. This has both advantages and disadvantages. A young team is always happy to do something new; however, after graduation from university they tend to leave our team and we must go forward with the initiatives already started and new employees who have no knowledge in scholarly publishing. So we need supervising and guidance. It’s easy because we can direct them to the manuals, instructions, webinars of all the CrossRef services implemented in our journals. So we are going to implement as many CrossRef services as we are able to do.
We provide DOIs to all the journals’ articles, e-books, some conference proceedings and their articles, but not to tables and pictures just yet. I believe, we will do this in the future.
At the CrossMark Workshop yesterday I said that small publishers produce about 80% of research journals globally, so we rule. Yet I should say that we rule only if we are initiative and innovative.CrossRef will help us avoid useless investment, something which is really important for small publishers.
CrossRef Annual Meeting 2012 Global Panel Eleonora Dagiene
CrossRef in <LithuaniaEastern Europe>
VGTU Press is one of the three largest academicpublishers in Lithuania
Discoverability of the Lithuanian journals on the Internet The Association of Lithuanian
Henry Oldenburg (1615—1677) the first Secretary of the Royal Society and the first editor of The Philosophical Transactions of the RoyalSociety (Phil. Trans). It was established in 1665. http://www.flickr.com/photos/salyangoz/413603194/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Henry_Oldenburg.jpg
Vilnius Gediminas Technical UniversityLithuanian Physical SocietyAssociation of Lithuanian SerialsLithuanian Academy of SciencesPublishing House TechnologijaVytautas Magnus University
The Lithuanian Academy of Sciences is the only governmental institution which is not a university that publishes 12 journals. Currently, only 57 Lithuanian journalsreceive a partial state funding from the Academy (funding will last until 2014).
What do organizations outside <Lithuania> need to know to do business with <Lithuania>The Law on Public Procurement regulates the use offunds in state institutions including universities.The budget cycle starts in January and ends inDecember.Only small tenders can be conducted in the form ofan inquiry (asking no less than three suppliers tosubmit a proposal), while larger ones require for anopen tender.A successful tenderer can sign a contract for nolonger than three years. Once the contractual periodis over, all procurement procedures have to be
Which CrossRef Services do we participate in?VGTU Press started CrossRef services in 2008In order to register DOIs, we restructured the journalwebsites following the rules set by CrossRef, whichresulted in bigger visibility of VGTU journals on theInternet.Reference Linking is done in PDF files as VGTUjournals are not yet published in HTML format.
Which CrossRef Services do we participate in? VGTU Press staff uses The Simple Text Query and recommends it to journals‘ editorials and authors
Which CrossRef Services do we participate in? VGTU Press launched CitedBy with the widget written by our programmer in 2011 Some issues we encounter: local language and lack of DOIs metadata for local
Which CrossRef Services do we participate in?CrossCheck has been used by all editors ofthe VGTU journals since spring of 2009.CrossCheck is actively promoted in events ofthe Association of Lithuanian Serials.This year, the Lithuanian Research Councilgave a small grant to the Association forpromotion of the system.CrossCheck is also used by previouslymentioned 57 journals, the publishing ofwhich is partially funded from the budget.
To what types of content are you assigning CrossRef DOIs? How many of each?Journals articlesBooks – 170 annually (about 500 in general)Some of conference proceedings
What are some of the benefits you have seen from participating in CrossRef?With each new CrossRef service we implemented,we have learned a lot about scholarly publishingMinimum investments are required to improve journalcirculation and visibility in the global academiccommunity if CrossRef and its initiative are followed.With CrossRef we can always be sure to be up todate with the latest innovations that are important toour journals and their authors.
The JournalSeek database contains 99,408 journals from 5,526 different publishersSmall publishersproduce about 70%of research journalsglobally, so we rule.We rule only ifwe are initiative andinnovative.
We are happy to haveCrossRef and its team Eleonora Dagienė email@example.com