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Present Perfect For Kids

  1. 1. 1 PRESENT PERFECT FOR KIDS By Teacher Danitza Lazcano F.
  2. 2. 2 USE • Usamos el Presente Perfecto cuando hablamos de experiencias, como viajar, jugar, comer, entre otros. Ejemplo: Nosotros hemos trabajado juntos desde marzo. (Comenzamos en marzo, estamos trabajando ahora, y es posible que continuemos juntos en el futuro)
  3. 3. 3 VERB FORM • El verbo del Presente Perfecto se forma de dos partes: HAVE / HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE VERB • En el Presente Perfecto usamos Have / Has como auxiliares y no como el verbo tener.
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. 5 • El verbo pasado participio corresponde a la tercera columna de verbos. Los verbos pueden ser regulares, se agrega -ed final.
  6. 6. 6 • Los verbos irregulares, por otro lado, cambian totalmente, aunque algunos sean iguales entre pasado y pasado participio (segunda y tercera columnas).
  7. 7. 7 AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCE • La formula para escribir una oración afirmativa en presente perfecto es: Person + have / has + past participle + Complement verb II You We They have eaten an apple. HeHe SheShe ItIt JohnJohn has eaten an apple.
  8. 8. 8 AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCE EXAMPLES She has drunk Coke since she was 4. Ella ha bebido Coca Cola desde los 4 años.
  9. 9. 9 AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES EXAMPLES John has written three pages. John ha escrito tres páginas.
  10. 10. 10 AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES EXAMPLES The children have sung in the same choir for years. Los niños han cantado en el mismo coro durante años.
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  12. 12. 12 Exercise 1: Complete the sentences with the correct affirmative Present Perfect form. They ________________ (RIDE) their bikes. Karen _________(SWIM) in the pool.
  13. 13. 13 Exercise 1: Complete the sentences with the correct affirmative Present Perfect form. They have ridden (RIDE) their bikes. Karen has swum (SWIM) in the pool.
  14. 14. 14 Exercise 1: Complete the sentences with the correct affirmative Present Perfect form. They ________________ (JUMP) on the bed. Mark _________(SLEEP) on the office chair.
  15. 15. 15 Exercise 1: Complete the sentences with the correct affirmative Present Perfect form. They have jumped (JUMP) on the bed. Mark has slept (SLEEP) on the office chair.
  16. 16. 16 NEGATIVE SENTENCE • Para formar una oración negativa sólo debemos agragar NOT a los auxiliares: have not / haven’t – has not / hasn’t Person + haven’t + past participle + Complement hasn’t verb
  17. 17. 17 NEGATIVE SENTENCE EXAMPLES She hasn’t read that book for hours. Ella no ha leido ese libro durante horas.
  18. 18. 18 NEGATIVE SENTENCES EXAMPLES I haven’t painted the wall for an hour. Yo no he pintado la muralla durante una hora.
  19. 19. 19 NEGATIVE SENTENCES EXAMPLES My dog hasn’t eaten the same bone for months. My perro no ha comido el mismo hueso durante meses.
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  21. 21. 21 Exercise 2: Complete the sentences with the correct negative Present Perfect form. He ________________ (NOT / UNDERSTAND) her words. Paul _________(NOT /LISTEN TO) his radio.
  22. 22. 22 Exercise 2: Complete the sentences with the correct negative Present Perfect form. He hasn’t understood (NOT / UNDERSTAND) her words. Paul hasn’t listened to (NOT /LISTEN TO) his radio.
  23. 23. 23 Exercise 2: Complete the sentences with the correct negative Present Perfect form. I ________________ (NOT / WATCH) a movie. My mom and little sister _________(NOT / BUY) vegetables.
  24. 24. 24 Exercise 2: Complete the sentences with the correct negative Present Perfect form. I haven’t watched (NOT / WATCH) a movie. My mom and little sister haven’t bought (NOT /BUY) vegetables.
  25. 25. 25 YES / NO QUESTIONS Para crear una pregunta vamos a trasladar los auxiliares (have / has) antes de la Persona. No olvides que estas preguntas se responden con Yes o No. Have + Person + past participle + Complement + ? Has verb
  26. 26. 26 YES / NO QUESTION EXAMPLES Have you ever flown by plane? Yes, I have – No I haven’t. ¿Has alguna vez volado en avión? Sí - No
  27. 27. 27 YES / NO QUESTION EXAMPLES Has the kid ever climbed a tree? Yes, he has – No he hasn’t. ¿Ha el niñó escalado un árbol? Sí - No
  28. 28. 28 YES / NO QUESTION EXAMPLES Have they ever been in Paris? Yes, they have No they haven’t. ¿Han ellos alguna vez estado en París? Sí - No
  29. 29. 29 WH- QUESTIONS Las preguntas con WH, son aquellas cuya respuesta siempre será algo nuevo. What? Qué o Cuál Who? Quién(es) Where? Dónde When? Cuándo Which? Cuál(es) How? Cómo Why? Por qué
  30. 30. 30 WH- QUESTIONS Para formar una pregunta debemos seguir la siguiente formula: Wh + have + Person + Past participle + C +? has verb Example: Where have you studied? I have studied at Colegio Andino.
  31. 31. 31 WH- QUESTION EXAMPLES What have they Danced? They’ve danced Rock an’ Roll! ¿Qué han bailado? Ellos han bailado Rock an’ Roll!
  32. 32. 32 WH- QUESTION EXAMPLES Where has your father cooked pasta? He’s cooked pasta in Italy. ¿Dónde ha tu padre cocinado pasta? El ha cocinado pasta en Italia.
  33. 33. 33 WH- QUESTION EXAMPLES How has the player thrown the baseball? The player has thrown the baseball very fast. ¿Cómo ha el jugador lanzado la pelota de baseball? El jugador ha lanzado la pelota muy rápido.
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  35. 35. 35 Exercise 3: Answer the questions. 1. Have you ever eaten avocado ice-cream? _____________________ 2. Have you ever spoken Japanese? _____________________
  36. 36. 36 Exercise 3: Answer the questions. 1. Have you ever eaten avocado ice-cream? Yes, I have – No, I haven’t 2. Have you ever spoken Japanese? Yes, I have – No, I haven’t
  37. 37. 37 Exercise 3: Answer the questions. 3. Has your father ever run a marathon? __________________ 4. Have your classmates ever played the tambourine? ____________________
  38. 38. 38 Exercise 3: Answer the questions. 3. Has your father ever run a marathon? Yes, he has – No, he hasn’t 4. Have your classmates ever played the tambourine? Yes, they have – No, they haven’t
  39. 39. 39 Exercise 3: Answer the questions. 5. What sport have you practiced? __________________ 6. Where have you and your friends ever eaten fast food? ____________________
  40. 40. 40 Exercise 3: Answer the questions. 5. What sport have you practiced? I have practiced tennis. 6. Where have you and your friends ever eaten fast food? We have eaten fast food at Mc Donald’s.
  41. 41. 41 Exercise 3: Answer the questions. 7. When has your cousin won a medal? ________________________ 8. How long have you studied at Colegio Andino? ________________________
  42. 42. 42 Exercise 3: Answer the questions. 7. When has your cousin won a medal? He has won a medal in the Spelling Bee tournament. 8. How long have you studied at Colegio Andino? I have studied at Colegio Andino for 6 years.
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  45. 45. 45 How to contract auxiliaries I You + HAVE We They He She + HAS It I I’ve You + `VE You’ve We We’ve They They’ve He He’s She + `AS She’s It It’s
  46. 46. 46 Infinitive Past Past Participle Be Was - Were Been Break Broke Broken Buy Bought Bought Cook Cooked Cooked Do Did Done Drink Drank Drunk Eat Ate Eaten Verb List Example
  47. 47. 47 Infinitive Past Past Participle Find Found Found Fly Flew Flown Get Got Gotten Give Gave Given Go Went Gone Have Had Had Love Loved Loved
  48. 48. 48 Infinitive Past Past Participle Read Read Read Ride Rode Ridden Run Ran Run See Saw Seen Sing Sang Sung Speak Spoke Spoken Study Studied Studied
  49. 49. 49 Infinitive Past Past Participle Make Made Made Swim Swam Swum Take Took Taken Think Thought Thought Wear Wore Worn Win Won Won Write Wrote Written
  50. 50. 50 Material created by Danitza Lazcano Flores Teacher of English Master in Education and Educational Counselor

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