LinkedIn emplea cookies para mejorar la funcionalidad y el rendimiento de nuestro sitio web, así como para ofrecer publicidad relevante. Si continúas navegando por ese sitio web, aceptas el uso de cookies. Consulta nuestras Condiciones de uso y nuestra Política de privacidad para más información.
LinkedIn emplea cookies para mejorar la funcionalidad y el rendimiento de nuestro sitio web, así como para ofrecer publicidad relevante. Si continúas navegando por ese sitio web, aceptas el uso de cookies. Consulta nuestra Política de privacidad y nuestras Condiciones de uso para más información.
Introduction & Guiding questions
In this investigation the task specifies that I must create a video or animation to inform and
educate a specific group of people on a health based technology. This task includes the
investigation, research, planning, creation, and evaluation of the product. The one focused
here is an artificial or bionic eye, one that can function similarly to the human eye by showing
a rough pixilated image on the retina. I will use a model that has been used over 10 times in
the USA since 2012, and has been tested before and since; plus it has been approved by the
FDA in the USA. It is called the Argus II (2). The human eye is one of the best cameras in the
world, and I am not the only one who believes this; its complexity and simplicity over amazes
me. Throughout my life I seemed to always have a better eyesight than most of my friends and
family making me more interested in its anatomy. If I had lost my eyesight somehow, my life
would be turned around and ruined. I would miss everything that is happening even if I could
hear or touch it. The eyesight is a key feature to a happy life because you can see so much
beautiful things, and learn so much only with your eyesight; and this feature is indispensible
to any human being. This product and task relates to Health and Social education by
informing the many audiences who are interested by this technology and by helping and
involving the human body with the technology.
-How affordable is the technology and its requirements?
-How helpful is the technology?
-What are its benefits and its disadvantages of the technology?
-How mass-produced can it be?
-How long was it tested before public release?
- How clear is the image projected to the person?
-Is the technology suitable for all people and situations?
-What proves that the technology works?
-What audience does this affect?
-What does the technology look like?
-What are they doing to improve it?
-What story will I create from this product?
-Is the animation longer than 3 minutes?
-What colors or images could be shown to improve the animation?
-Is the Sound/Music used enjoyable?
-Is the animation and the story understandable?
-Are the facts inside the animation readable and short enough for anyone to understand?
-Did the audience learn anything from the animation?
-Did the specific audience understand the animation and were they well informed?
-What kind of story will the animation tell?
After looking for the causes and solutions for a bionic eye, I have come to the
best source or prototype. The Argus II by Second Sight has been the best prototype and source
for the bionic eye although it only affects a certain group of people. The model can only be
installed if the client has a problem with the actual pigments that sense light and dark in the
eye, and also if the retina and the optic nerves are normal and intact because the model uses
receptors and wires to transmit pixilated images into the retina. The prototype or now product
was built and tested until its second version, why the 'II' (2) in Argus. They also specify every
characteristic and object in their product in interviews and blogs about it. I fell that this
technology is trustworthy and since their company specializes in this field, they are definitely
professionals in it making them more trustworthy. Also, Being FDA approved in the USA is
always good, making them absolute chefs in their field. The field of artificial aid in vision is
not very advanced present day because of its high costs and its low ideas to create such a
product. Very few companies like Second sight have put effort in their clients, needs, and
testing to create such a revolutionary product. The Latin word “Argus” refers to a giant in
Greek mythology with 100 eyes, Argus Panoptes, who was considered all-seeing. Argus was the
servant of Hera, goddess of women and marriage as well as the wife of Zeus. Zeus seduced the
nymph Io who was also the priestess of Hera. In order to hide her from Zeus, Hera
transformed her into a white heifer and asked Argus to watch over Io and protect her from
Zeus. Making the blind see is a dream for all humanity that has been asked for centuries, but
since Argus II, there is hope for a better future. In a healthy eye, the photoreceptors (rods and
cones) in the retina convert light into tiny electrochemical impulses that are sent through the
optic nerve and into the brain, where they are decoded into images. If the photoreceptors no
longer function correctly—due to conditions such as retinitis pigmentosa—the first step in
this process is disrupted, and the visual system cannot transform light into images. The Argus
II Retinal Prosthesis System ("Argus II") is designed to bypass the damaged photoreceptors
altogether. A miniature video camera housed in the patient’s glasses captures a scene. The
video is sent to a small patient-worn computer (i.e., the video processing unit – VPU) where it
is processed and transformed into instructions that are sent back to the glasses via a cable.
These instructions are transmitted wirelessly to an antenna in the implant. The signals are
then sent to the electrode array, which emits small pulses of electricity. These pulses are
intended to bypass the damaged photoreceptors and stimulate the retina’s remaining cells,
which transmit the visual information along the optic nerve to the brain. This process is
intended to create the perception of patterns of light which patients can learn to interpret as
The technology only works if the patient has a problem or disease with his/hers
retina or macula. It displays a pixilated image into the macula. Currently it is expensive
because of its very precise components that have to be correct or else the whole product is
broken. Currently it has been used over 10 times, which might seem little but it allot since it
was only recently approved by the FDA in the USA. It looks and works like this:
Presentation: I will be using 'GoAnimate', an online program that is free (for most of its
features) that gives the ability to make a simple or complex animate video with all its
templates and functions. Its limitations are that most of its components are locked and you
are required to pay for a extended membership. This online program has all the background,
characters, and misc. objects I need to create my wanted product.
The sources used in the research: (videos, websites, and books)
"Bionic Eye." Fact Sheet. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Nov. 2013.
"Boosting bionic eyes with a gentle touch." Medical News Today. MediLexicon International,
n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2013. <http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles
"Bionic eye testing moves into the field."ABC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2013.
"FDA-approved bionic eye Argus II aims to restore some vision in the blind."CBSNews. CBS
Interactive, n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2013. <http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-204_162-57606354/>.
"Argus II Retinal Prosthesis System Artificial Retina." YouTube. YouTube, 2 Mar. 2011. Web. 1
Dec. 2013. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZyVjK7sktvw>.
"Eye Diseases: MedlinePlus." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of
Medicine, n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/eyediseases.html>.
"Gross Anatomy of the Eye." – Webvision. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2013.
"Second Sight." System Overview. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. <http://2-sight.eu/en/systemoverview-en>.
"The F.D.A. Approves a Bionic Eye: Argus II Device Helps the Blind." YouTube. YouTube, 14
Feb. 2013. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WhYe6REdljw>.
"Anatomy of the eye." - Fight for Sight. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2013.
"Anatomy, Physiology & Pathology of the Human Eye." Anatomy, Physiology & Pathology of
the Human Eye. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Nov. 2013. <http://www.tedmontgomery.com/the_eye/>.
"The Eyes (Human Anatomy): Diagram, Optic Nerve, Iris, Cornea, Pupil, & More." WebMD.
WebMD, n.d. Web. 28 Nov. 2013. <http://www.webmd.com/eye-health/picture-of-the-eyes>.
Cassel, Gary H., Michael D. Billig, and Harry G. Randall. The eye book: a complete guide to eye
disorders and health. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998. Print.
Snell, Richard S., and Michael A. Lemp. Clinical anatomy of the eye. 2nd ed. Malden, MA, USA:
Blackwell Science, 1998. Print.
"Create Animated Videos for Your Business. Easily.." GoAnimate. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2013.
--> All sources here are either:
-About the anatomy of the eye, to understand all the descriptions and references of the
product and for me to have a better visual and literal understanding of what is being expressed
- About the actual product with Videos, Reviews and the 'Second Sight' Page (the creator
company of Argus II) with explanations on how it works, who its works with (conditions), and