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[DSC Europe 22] Land Boundary Delineation using U-net - Theophilus Aidoo

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[DSC Europe 22] Land Boundary Delineation using U-net - Theophilus Aidoo

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Land delineation is a particular example of a segmentation problem. In this project we used U-Nets, a type of CNN, to learn the boundaries of parcels of lands from satellite images. The U-Nets model proved very efficient for the task.

Land delineation is a particular example of a segmentation problem. In this project we used U-Nets, a type of CNN, to learn the boundaries of parcels of lands from satellite images. The U-Nets model proved very efficient for the task.

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[DSC Europe 22] Land Boundary Delineation using U-net - Theophilus Aidoo

  1. 1. Land Boundary Delineation Using U-net Theophilus Aidoo DSC Europe 22
  2. 2. Ishango.ai is a social enterprise that creates data science jobs in Africa. It connects talents in Africa to global host companies to work on real-life data science projects. As a company, it has the mission to create high-skill data science jobs across Africa.
  3. 3. Outline 1. Background 2. Objectives 3. Methodology 4. Sample Input Data 5. Architecture of U-net 6. Preliminary Results 7. Impact 8. Conclusion 9. Future Works
  4. 4. Background As cities and towns develop, demand for land for various purposes such as agriculture, building of homes, and industrialisation increases. Leveraging on deep learning algorithms, land allocation and monitoring of land use can become a very handy task. In this project we are used U-net, a type Convolutional Neural Networks to learn land boundaries from satellite images.
  5. 5. Background
  6. 6. Objectives ● To develop a working model that can accurately find the boundaries of parcels of land from satellite images. ● To apply the model in other areas such as agriculture and land registry.
  7. 7. Methodology ● Download satellite data (Images download period : 2017) ● Combine bands to form input RGB images ● Normalise mask layout of land and use as target ● Using U-Net; ○ Encoder : resnet34 and Encoder-weight: imagenet ○ Segment land boundaries from land
  8. 8. Sample Input Data Satellite Image Boundary Mask Full Mask
  9. 9. Architecture of U-net Image credit: U-Net, A Convolutional Neural Networks for Biomedical Image Segmentation
  10. 10. Preliminary Results Recall score of 0.83 Jaccard similarity score of 87 %
  11. 11. Impact ● Enhance land acquisition process. ● Improve land allocation for sustainable use. ● Land use monitoring.
  12. 12. Conclusion Land boundary delineation as a segmentation problem can be efficiently resolved using U-net.
  13. 13. Future Works ● Further exploration can be done using other pre-trained models as encoder. ● Model could be trained on current dataset to learn new boundaries.
  14. 14. Limitation ● Long computation time during model training, GPUs are preferred for this project. ● Downloaded image data requires high storage size.
  15. 15. References ● Ronneberger, Olaf, Philipp Fischer, and Thomas Brox. "U-net: Convolutional networks for biomedical image segmentation." International Conference on Medical image computing and computer-assisted intervention. Springer, Cham, 2015. ● Kumar, Sandeep, and Prabhu Jayagopal. "Delineation of field boundary from multispectral satellite images through U-Net segmentation and template matching." Ecological Informatics 64 (2021): 101370. ● https://smp.readthedocs.io/en/latest/quickstart.html
  16. 16. Thank you
  17. 17. Let’s Connect LinkedIn : https://www.linkedin.com/in/theophilus-aidoo- b31319158/ Email: theophilus@ishango.ai , theoaid51@gmail.com

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