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# Present and Past Modals of Deduction with Sherlock Holmes

For Intermediate EFL students. Look at the presentation and practice present and past deductions using appropriate modal verbs.

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### Present and Past Modals of Deduction with Sherlock Holmes

1. 1. Modals of Deduction<br />http://efllecturer.blogspot.com/<br />
2. 2. Modals of Deduction<br />We are going to look at deduction<br />You are going to practice by making <br />Some sentences<br />http://efllecturer.blogspot.com/<br />
3. 3. Modals of Deduction<br />Who is Sherlock Holmes?<br />http://efllecturer.blogspot.com/<br />
4. 4. Modals of Deduction<br />Who is Sherlock Holmes?<br />Do you know how he solved many<br />of his cases?<br />http://efllecturer.blogspot.com/<br />
5. 5. Modals of Deduction<br />What is deduction?<br />http://efllecturer.blogspot.com/<br />
6. 6. Modals of Deduction<br />What is deduction?<br />Deductions = guesses based facts you know.<br />http://efllecturer.blogspot.com/<br />
7. 7. Modals of Deduction<br />What are modal verbs?<br />http://efllecturer.blogspot.com/<br />
8. 8. Modals of Deduction<br />What are modal verbs?<br />Must,Can’t,May, Might, Could<br />http://efllecturer.blogspot.com/<br />
9. 9. Modals of Deduction<br />Deductions = guesses based on known facts. You can use modal verbs. We can make deductions about <br />the present :<br /><ul><li> must be </li></ul>Very sure - 99%<br /><ul><li>can't be - Very sure </li></ul>We think it's impossible – 99%<br /><ul><li> may / might / could be </li></ul>We think it's possible - 50%<br />The Present<br />
10. 10. Modals of Deduction<br />Deductions = guesses based on known facts.<br />What deductions can you make about this photo?<br /><ul><li> must be </li></ul>Very sure - 99%<br /><ul><li>can't be - Very sure </li></ul>We think it's impossible – 99%<br /><ul><li> may / might / could be </li></ul>We think it's possible - 50%<br />The Present<br />
11. 11. Modals of Deduction<br />Deductions<br /><ul><li>He must be a chef. - Very sure - 99%
12. 12. He can't be a policeman. - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
13. 13. He may / might / could be famous. We think it's possible - 50%</li></ul>The Present<br />
14. 14. How many deductions can you make about this photo?<br /><ul><li>must be - Very sure - 99%
15. 15. can't be - Very sure - We think it's impossible - 99%
16. 16. may / might / could be - We think it's possible - 50%</li></ul>The Present<br />
17. 17. <ul><li>must be - Very sure - 99%
18. 18. can't be - Very sure - We think it's impossible - 99%
19. 19. may / might / could be - We think it's possible - 50%</li></ul>The Present<br />
20. 20. They must be friendsThey can’t be workingThey might be married<br /><ul><li>must be - Very sure - 99%
21. 21. can't be - Very sure - We think it's impossible - 99%
22. 22. may / might / could be - We think it's possible - 50%</li></ul>The Present<br />
23. 23. <ul><li>must be - Very sure - 99%
24. 24. can't be - Very sure - We think it's impossible - 99%
25. 25. may / might / could be - We think it's possible - 50%</li></ul>The Present<br />
26. 26. It must be a mask It can’t be realIt may be for a film<br /><ul><li>must be - Very sure - 99%
27. 27. can't be - Very sure - We think it's impossible - 99%
28. 28. may / might / could be - We think it's possible - 50%</li></ul>The Present<br />
29. 29. <ul><li>must be - Very sure - 99%
30. 30. can't be - Very sure - We think it's impossible - 99%
31. 31. may / might / could be - We think it's possible - 50%</li></ul>The Present<br />
32. 32. He must be hiding He can’t be very oldHe could be afraid<br /><ul><li>must be - Very sure - 99%
33. 33. can't be - Very sure - We think it's impossible - 99%
34. 34. may / might / could be - We think it's possible - 50%</li></ul>The Present<br />
35. 35. <ul><li>must be - Very sure - 99%
36. 36. can't be - Very sure - We think it's impossible - 99%
37. 37. may / might / could be - We think it's possible - 50%</li></ul>The Present<br />
38. 38. She must be at home She can’t be workingShe might be chatting to friends<br /><ul><li>must be - Very sure - 99%
39. 39. can't be - Very sure - We think it's impossible - 99%
40. 40. may / might / could be - We think it's possible - 50%</li></ul>The Present<br />
41. 41. <ul><li>must be - Very sure - 99%
42. 42. can't be - Very sure - We think it's impossible - 99%
43. 43. may / might / could be - We think it's possible - 50%</li></ul>The Present<br />
44. 44. He must be running awayThe plane can’t be very newHe could be a criminal<br /><ul><li>must be - Very sure - 99%
45. 45. can't be - Very sure - We think it's impossible - 99%
46. 46. may / might / could be - We think it's possible - 50%</li></ul>The Present<br />
47. 47. Modals of Deduction<br />We can also make deductions about the <br />'How do you think the burglar got in?''Hemusthave climbed through the window.'<br />To make guesses about the past; <br />= Modal verb + have + past participle<br />
48. 48. Modals of Deduction<br />We can also make deductions about the <br />'How do you think the burglar got in?''Hemusthave climbed through the window.'<br />To make guesses about the past; <br />= Modal verb + have + past participle<br /><ul><li> He must have climbed through the window. = Very sure - we think it's possible - 99%
49. 49. He can’t have come through the door.= Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
50. 50. He may / might / could have escaped through the window. = We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li>How many past deductionscan you make about these photos<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
51. 51. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
52. 52. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li>He must have robbed a bankHe can’t have Taken much moneyThe police might have Seen him<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
53. 53. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
54. 54. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
55. 55. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
56. 56. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li>They must have caught himHe can’t have escapedThey may have sent him to prison for a long time<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
57. 57. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
58. 58. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
59. 59. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
60. 60. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li>She must have wonShe can’t have expected to winShe may have won Miss World<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
61. 61. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
62. 62. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
63. 63. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
64. 64. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li>The car must have crashedThey can’t have been hurtThey may have been driving<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
65. 65. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
66. 66. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
67. 67. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
68. 68. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li>They must have been travellingThey can’t have gone by trainThey might have been on holiday<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
69. 69. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
70. 70. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
71. 71. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
72. 72. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li>They must have been angryIt can’t have been an accidentThe computer may have beenvery slow<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
73. 73. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
74. 74. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
75. 75. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
76. 76. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li>He must have been working very hardhe can’t have finishedHe could have gone to bed late last night<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
77. 77. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
78. 78. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
79. 79. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
80. 80. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li>It must have been rainingIt can’t have been for longIt might have been a shower<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
81. 81. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
82. 82. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
83. 83. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
84. 84. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li>He must have scoredHis teammight have wonThe game<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
85. 85. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
86. 86. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
87. 87. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
88. 88. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li>She must have had an accidentShe can’t have been there for longShe may have been attacked<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
89. 89. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
90. 90. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
91. 91. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
92. 92. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li>She must have been runningShe might have won<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
93. 93. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
94. 94. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
95. 95. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
96. 96. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li>He must have been eatingHe may have been eatingice cream<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
97. 97. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
98. 98. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
99. 99. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
100. 100. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li>She can’t have been lookingwhere she was goingShe may have hurt herself<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
101. 101. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
102. 102. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
103. 103. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
104. 104. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li>He must have failedHe can’t have passedIt might have been his first test<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
105. 105. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
106. 106. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
107. 107. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
108. 108. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li>He must have climbed upHe can’t have been there for longHe might have got lost<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
109. 109. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
110. 110. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
111. 111. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
112. 112. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li>They may have had an argument<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
113. 113. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
114. 114. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
115. 115. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
116. 116. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li>She can’t have disappeared!<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
117. 117. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
118. 118. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
119. 119. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
120. 120. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></ul>http://efllecturer.blogspot.com/<br />
121. 121. ?<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
122. 122. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
123. 123. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></ul>http://efllecturer.blogspot.com/<br />
124. 124. ... We must have finished<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
125. 125. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
126. 126. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></ul>http://efllecturer.blogspot.com/<br />
127. 127. This must have Helped youIt can’t have been difficult, can it?You might have learnt something anyway...<br /><ul><li> Must have - Very sure - we think it's possible 99%
128. 128. Can’t have - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
129. 129. may / might / could have - We think it's possible - 50%</li></ul>http://efllecturer.blogspot.com/<br />
130. 130. Modals of Deduction<br />http://efllecturer.blogspot.com/<br />