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Demetria S. Green
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Contents.....................................................................................2
Training Objective .................................................................................3
Training Session Outline .................................................................... 4-5
Before Training Preparation .................................................................6
Training Script................................................................................... 7-16
Power Point Slides........................................................................... 17-24
Participant Guide ..................................................................................25
Role Play Activities ......................................................................... 26-28
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Objective: By the end of this training, members of the organization will be able to identify the
five leadership styles.
The training will include a video that demonstrates a specific leadership style.. This will
allow for the trainees to be able to discuss their reasoning for why they chose the specific
leadership style. With this video the trainer is able to engage in dialogue and evoke conversation
among the audience. The online viewers will be able to participate as well – provide the link to
the video in order for the viewers to and encourage those viewers to take notes of the things that
they notices. Trainees may identify leadership styles that they noticed and you all are able to
discuss the different elements in the video– this is a great tactic to be able to reinforce the main
ideas in the training.
Objective: By the end of this training, members of organization will be able apply the five types
of leadership styles.
In order for the trainees to apply and identify leadership styles provide the role plays in
the training. As a group trainees will identify the components of the case study and discuss the
characteristics that apply to a particular leadership style. Trainees will apply the styles by
recognizing and identifying the characteristics of the leadership styles that they are going to be
trained over. This activity will include the white boards if there are not any available provide the
trainees with pen and paper to record their answers. For the online trainees provide the scenarios
by uploading the materials online prior to the training. Inform online trainees that they are to
record their answers to the scenarios which will encourage their active participation.
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Training Session Outline
Duration: 30 Minutes
Set Induction (6 minutes)
o Introduction – welcome trainees and introduce yourself.
o Class Interaction: Ask 1-2 students about a time they had a leadership role.
o Ice Breaker
Tell: (5 minutes)
o Temperature Check – Ask trainees for nonverbal feedback.
o Describe and explain the five leadership styles.
Inform class of the three most common leadership styles.
o Explain how leadership styles have an effect on interaction in jobs and
Show: (4 minutes)
o Oral Show – Provide examples of leadership styles.
o Audience Feedback – Ask for someone to share experience with any of the three
Invite (12 minutes)
o Role Play activity
o Groups will identify the leadership style for 3-4 scenarios. A volunteer from each
group will read the role play aloud and the class will race to identify which
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leadership style was being used. Instruct students to keep pencils/pen down until
the reading is complete to give everyone an equal opportunity to answer.
o Show Video Clip
o Engage in another role play (Optional: Dependent on the time)
Recap (2 minutes)
o Questions – Include e-learners by using Twitter to ask questions
Conclude: (1-2 minutes)
o Repeat Concepts in training
o Pose questions about what they learned
o Re-state the learning objective
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Working Script: Before Training Prep
The following script below is to help guide the training and to serve as a preparation
check list. Everything listed in this outline is not required, therefore look over this list and
make adjustments where necessary in order to ensure a successful training. This is not for
you to read aloud but you will be able to reference this document in preparation for the
training. The training script will include more information on when to advance slides as
well as helpful commentary.
Save all training materials in at least two places (i.e. flash drive, drop box, etc.…)
Make sure to upload necessary documents for those who are watching online.
Print off the necessary amount of participant guides and scenarios for the training. (Print
extra just in case)
Purchase a folder to place all materials this will aid in protecting your documents.
Do a run through of the training and make sure to time yourself. Try to generate an
audience using 2-3 people to help with feedback.
Create a script for yourself to follow (If necessary) take notes and make adjustments to
time if it is needed. Determine the three examples you will use for authoritarian,
democratic and laissez-faire leadership styles – this is for the show step of training.
Arrive at your location 20-30 minutes early in order to load presentation and necessary
materials i.e. such as pulling up the video.
Organize the room to where everyone is in groups of four or five (adjust the number if
there are less people i.e. if there are twelve people groups of three is desirable)
Place a white board, dry erase markers, and an eraser at each table. (If whiteboard isn’t
available provide two sheets of paper to each group and a writing utensil)
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(Note: Items in blue are not to be said, these are simply tips the trainer should look over before
When to advance slides in the training is CAPITALIZED AND BOLDED
1. Set Induction (6 minutes)
a. Hello you all, my name is: ______________________ and I would like to
welcome you all to my training. The title of this training is Recruiting Leaders.
After this training you all will be able apply and identify five leadership styles
b. Acknowledge the online viewers who are not physically present in order to
make sure that trainees watching at home feel included as well. Let online
viewers know that they are included as well.
c. If you invite a guest make sure to acknowledge your guest and offer a friendly
welcome from the trainees.
BEGIN THE SLIDESHOW (INTRO SLIDE)
d. Explain to the trainees why you chose this particular topic of leadership styles and
how it is relevant to trainees. (i.e. being in an organization that would like more
insight on how to identify leadership styles) Give name and rationale for choosing
the topic that you chose. Inform the trainees that you have provided a participant
guide, instruct trainees to stay on the first page to record notes and to NOT read
role plays in advance.
e. Class interaction: Ask the class about a time they had to take on a leadership role
in an organization. Encourage feedback by asking - How did it make you feel?
What did that look like?
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i. Listen to the trainee that is speaking and repeat what he/she said to make
the trainee know that you were listening and incorporate how he/she will
be able to identify the leadership style they used.
ADVANCE THE SLIDE TO: ICEBREAKER
f. Inform the trainees that they will be grouping together in order to talk about the
characteristics of leaders that trainees have noticed in a job, organization, class,
etc. for about two minutes.
g. Inform the online trainees that they can take the time to write or type out
some characteristics of leaders that they have noticed in a job, organization,
h. Separate the classroom into two groups. (One group in the front and one group in
the back) Make sure that there are at least 7-10 people in one group – (for this
activity it is okay to have a bigger group). The focus for this activity is to mainly
generate conversation among the trainees.
i. Make sure to walk around the class and listen to some of the conversation that the
trainees are having with one another. After two minutes the activity is finished,
instruct trainees to go back to their seats.
j. Inform the trainees that we will use what was talked about in the ice breaker later
on in the training and to hold on to those conversations until the end of training.
k. Restate the objective of the training and since the training includes numbers.
Reiterate hand gestures by holding up the number five – help trainees retain the
ADVANCE THE SLIDE TO: FIVE LEADERSHIP STYLES
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2. Tell ( 5 minutes)
a. Inform the online trainees that you have provided the necessary documents
that they will need in order to follow along with the training, also encourage
trainees to take notes using the participant guide.
b. State all five of the leadership styles that you will be training over: In this training
we will discuss authoritarian, democratic, laissez faire, transactional, and
transformational leadership styles.
c. Inform the trainees who are present that they are now able to use the participant
guide to take notes. Instruct the trainees that the participant guide is fill in the
blank, and that you encourage them to record necessary information that they are
about to receive.
d. Temperature Check – inform trainees to let me know when to slow down or
explain something with the use of non-verbal’s (Thumbs up or thumbs down).
Inform the trainees that thumbs up symbolizes that you as a trainer are doing well,
and thumbs down means attention is needed of some sort. This encourages
interaction with the trainees and is an element of audience engagement. (Make
sure to create a comfortable atmosphere with the trainees which will help aid
ADVANCE SLIDE TO: AUTHORITARIAN
(In this segment of the training you will begin going over the five leadership
styles. In order to be consistent provide an overview of the leadership style and
follow with offering a pro and a con to each style. Inform the trainees that the first
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three leadership styles mentioned are the most common types and are the main
focus of the training.
e. Explain the characteristics of the Authoritarian leadership style. These are the
leaders who have direct behaviors and they decide on things alone often. Pro:
Great for making decisions quickly Con: Is able to create an uncomfortable
working environment in the work or organization setting.
ADVANCE SLIDE TO: DEMOCRATIC
f. Explain the characteristics of the Democratic leadership style. These are the
leaders who engage in open communication (reiterate that this style is listed as
number two on the participant guide.) – They are the leaders who want feedback.
Pro: Encourages relationships in groups due to the amount of feedback Con:
Feedback consumption can be time consuming.
ADVANCE SLIDE TO: LAISSEZ FAIRE
g. Explain the characteristics of the Laissez Faire leadership style. These are the
leaders who engage in passing work off to their employees or members of an
organization. Pro: Leads to potentially rising to the occasion and going above and
beyond in the organization or job. Con: lack of direction leads to people figuring
things out on there on.
ADVANCE SLIDE TO: TRANSACTIONAL
h. Explain the characteristics of the Transactional leadership style who are managers
this usually deals with rewards and punishments – they are the people who check
work. Pro: Promotes meeting a status quota of some sort, are able to get work
done. Con: Sometimes people lose sight of the original goal and being to focus
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solely on meeting a quota. Provide a brief example from personal experience or
from someone you may know. (The example is to help trainees understand this
leadership style more due to the fact that this particular leadership style is not
included in the show step.)
ADVANCE SLIDE TO: TRANSFORMATIONAL
i. Explain the characteristics of the Transformational leadership style these are the
people who promote creativeness and have high level of communication. Pro:
Encourages goal setting with people in a job or organization. Con: These types of
leaders may miss small important details (The example is to help trainees
understand this leadership style more due to the fact that this particular leadership
style is not included in the show step.)
j. Ask the trainees if they have any questions about any of the leadership styles. ,
(pause for 15-20seconds to wait for feedback) Encourage the audience feedback
at this point by using thumbs up or thumbs down. , Transition to the next segment
of the training.
ADVANCE SLIDE TO: RELEVANT EXAMPLES
3. Show (4 minutes)
a. Note to trainer: This is the segment of the presentation is where the trainer
provides relevant examples of the three main types of leadership styles that are
most common which are Authoritative, Democratic, and Laissez-Faire.
b. Inform trainees that this segment of the training is where we are going to go in
detail and offer examples of the three (hold up the number three) main types of
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c. Think of times in your life or any relevant example of when you had to use these
steps and share it with the trainees. It is best to tailor your examples to relevant
examples that the audience could potentially relate to. (The proper format is
included in the presentation section of the manual.
i. An example: The first type of leadership style that I will focus on is
authoritarian. Provide a detailed example of when you personally
experienced this style. Go into detail by relating the key characteristics of
this leadership style to your personal experience. In this segment it is okay
to include the negative aspects that you faced, but always end on a positive
note – tell how progress is being made or what you were able to learn.
Repeat this step for all three styles: Authoritarian, Democratic, and
d. Encourage audience feedback by raising your thumb, this way you can measure
the audience engagement to make sure everyone is still engaged in the training.
e. Ask audience by a show of hands: Who has an experience with any of the three
leadership styles? (Thank the audience for their feedback and let them know that
they will have a chance at the end of training to share that experience.)
ADVANCE SLIDE TO: CAN YOU IDENTIFY THE LEADERSHIP STYLE?
4. Invite (12 minutes)
a. This is a time where trainees are able to identify the leadership style. Instruct
trainees to look at their participant guide and to find the section that has the role
plays – encourage trainees to not read ahead, but to follow along. Ask for the
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amount of volunteers needed to read the first role play only – (the amount of
volunteers for each role play is labeled on the participant guide.)
b. Inform the trainees that everyone should now place their writing utensil on the
table as volunteer reads the script. (* This rule applies for those who are using
white boards as well*) Let the trainers know that after the role play is read that
they are to discuss for one minute with their group which leadership style is being
used in the role play and two characteristics that helped them reach that
conclusion. Inform the trainees after the one minute is up the trainer will notify
them when it is okay to begin to write and that there should not be writing prior to
c. In order to get full credit the leadership style has to be spelled correctly, anyone
who writes sooner than allotted time will be disqualified for that round.
d. Before reading include the online viewers by informing them that they have
access to the same role plays, encourage online viewers to read along and
write or type the leadership style that is being identified.
e. The trainer is to then ask the volunteer(s) to stand and read the character of their
choice inform other trainers that they are able to follow along as well. Trainees
are able to stand at their seats or in front of the room – it is the decision of the
f. After the reading is complete inform the trainees that they have one minute to
discuss what the answer is. Keep track of the time, if there is a time constraint of
any sort it is okay to increase or decrease the allotted time for 20-30 seconds.
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g. When the minute is up the writer for the table is to hold up the board or piece of
paper to show that they have the answer.
h. The first group to raise up the answer is who the trainer will address first, if the
answer is correct repeat the answer and specify why it is correct, if the answer is
incorrect allow for another group to try to answer it. (You are able to choose who
to go to next by the order in which the groups raised up their answer.)
i. After someone has answered encourage everyone to participate by letting people
know that we are all winners.
j. Repeat steps d-f in the invite steps for the first FOUR role plays –do not do the
last role play in the participant guide at this time. If the trainer is low on time
adapt by discussing the last role play as a class. Ask for the feedback of the class
ADVANCE SLIDE TO: YOU TRY IT
k. Inform the class that we are shifting the focus by identifying which type of
leadership style is being used in the video. The video will aid trainees to identify
which leadership style is being used.
i. The Link: http://www.cc.com/video-clips/tnawa2/key-and-peele-obama-s-
meeting-with-republicans this link should be pulled up already from the
beginning, simply click on the video, and press play.
ii. After the video pose the question to the trainees of: What leadership style
do they think is being used in the video?
1. If someone guesses incorrectly (thank that individual for the guess)
and ask for another answer, wait until the desired answer is said.
Ask the trainee why they chose the specific leadership style and
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what characteristics in the video helped them reach that conclusion
Provide the characteristics in order for people to identify the
l. If time permits refer back to the last scenario and allow for the class to identify
the leadership style in the role play. We will discuss briefly afterwards. (Optional:
Dependent on the time)
ADVANCE SLIDE TO: PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER
5. Recap (2 minutes)
a. Explain to the trainees that you hope they were able to take away something from
b. Discussion – Allow trainees to reflect back on the conversation that was had
earlier in the training – during the ice breaker and apply which leadership style
was being used by that person or people that they discussed earlier in the training.
Use round robin as a way to engage the room. Ask trainees to reflect back to
earlier in class during the icebreaker where they had to talk about leadership traits
they noticed and ask which leadership style was being portrayed and which
characteristics from the training helped them to reach the conclusion that they
reached. How do they see themselves using these techniques in the future?
ADVANCE SLIDE TO: QUESTIONS
c. Encourage the usage of different hashtags #RECRUITLEADERS 315 in order to
remain engaged and informed about the training.
d. Take the time to recognize the online viewers and encourage the usage of
using the hashtag as a way to stay informed about the topic.
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ADVANCE SLIDE TO: CONCLUSION
6. Conclude: (1-2 minutes)
a. Repeat what the important concepts were in the training. After this training I hope
you all are able to use this information in your life. After this training I hope that
you all are able to recognize the different types of leaders that you come into
b. Pose questions to the trainees about what they have learned and how they will
apply these new found skills. (Listen to the feedback and relate what they learned
and what they can apply to what the training covered.)
c. Thank the online viewers as well as the viewers who are present for being a part
of the training. Inform the trainees that if they have any questions or comments
that the do not have to hesitate to keep in contact. Encourage the use of the
d. Re-state the learning objectives. I hope that after this training you all are able to
apply and identify the five leadership style.
Push and Pull Items: If you find yourself running low on time please refer to the last role play
that is provided in the participant guide and have the trainees identify they type of leadership
style – you can also increase the discussion time to two minutes in order to get the trainees to
think about the characteristics and how they apply.
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LET’S BREAK THE ICE
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FIVE LEADERSHIP STYLES
•Focuses on Tasks
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•Focuses on People
•Abstains from leading
•Power with members
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•Provides Rewards and Punishments
•Managers have power to correct employees
•High Level of Communication
•Leaders motivate employees to do well
•Involvement of management to meet goals
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EXAMPLES IN MY ORGANIZATION
• Three Styles to Focus On:
• Campus Organization
• Campus Organization
–Laissez – Faire
• Summer Internship
CAN YOU IDENTIFY THE LEADERSHIP
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YOU TRY IT!
WHAT LEADERSHIP STYLE?
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LET’S PUT IT ALL TOGETHER
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•What have you learned from this training?
•How can you apply what you have learned
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Objective: Trainees will be able to apply and identify the 5 types of leadership
The leadership style that I would identify best with would be __________________ because I
LAISSEZ –FAIRE: 3
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Role Play #1 Volunteers Needed: 2
Lisa: Good Morning staff! I expect everyone to be working hard today! Jenny, you will be on
table 5. Mike I would like you to be in the kitchen.
Jenny: Lisa do you mind if Abbie takes Table 5? I need to talk to the chef.
Lisa: No Jenny! We will do it my way! You can talk to the chef later and at your own time!
Jenny: You can be so mean you never want to listen to what people have to say
Lisa: I am the boss I will always have the final say in what goes on around here.
Jenny: Well you may want to reconsider your tactics you are creating an uncomfortable
environment for the employees at the establishment
Lisa: Is that back talk that you’re giving me?
Jenny: No I’m just telling you the truth
Lisa: Although you may have a good reason to speak with chef – I think it would be better if you
didn’t question what I said..
Jenny: Well okay – I understand
Lisa: Thank you – as your manager I just think it’s best that I have people obey rather than
What type of leadership style is being displayed?
How do you know? Use 2-3 key elements that help you reach that decision
Role Play #2 Volunteers Needed: 4
Chris: Welcome you all to the monthly Graduate College Organization meeting – Today I want
to encourage some communication!
Blaize: I’m not sure if I know how to communicate the goals that I would like to reach as the
social media chair.
Chris: What challenges are you facing Blaize? – tell me more.
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Blaize: Well I just don’t have much help from the people in the organization
Chris: What exactly do you need help with?
Blaize: Maybe if more people would share the post for the organization on facebook and help
me with making flyers – I can’t do it all alone
Chris: Looks like I have a potential solution for you. Does anyone have any skills with creating
Kory: I do! I love making flyers
Remmi: Oh and I’m always on social media – twitter, facebook, snapchat… you name it I’m on
Chris: See Blaize we have people who are willing to help you – you just have to reach out. I
applaud you for letting me know how you felt Blaize.
Kory: Yeah Blaize I’m always down with developing creative concepts for flyers and posters –
I’m really into expressing myself through art.
Chris: So let’s set a goal for the next meeting – Remmi, Kory, and Blaize will be in charge of
social media activities for our next big event. As a group these three will collaborate and form
ideas that they will share with the group. If you all need any input from me feel free to call,
email, or set a meeting with me.
What type of leadership style was Chris displaying?
Use 2-3 elements from the example that helped you identify which type of leadership style
was being implemented?
Role Play #3 Volunteers Needed:1
Craig: Good morning staff today will be an awesome day! I would first like to start with talking
about the big project that we just recently completed. I had so much fun watching you all tend to
the task without my help. You all were able to act independently and needed little no input (at
least from what I gathered) It’s okay that a few people fell off and didn’t follow through because
I abstained from leading. The power was passed off to you all.
What type of leadership style is being displayed?
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How do you know? Use 2-3 elements from the study that helped you reach the decision that
Role Play #4 Volunteers Needed: 1
Desirae is the president of an organization on the campus. She is currently leading the weekly
meeting that takes place every other Thursday. The organization is looking to possibly expand
and needs ideas on ways to potentially recruit more members to the organization. Desirae
informs the organization that she really wants to hear what they have to say. She is focused on
the members of the organization she, wants them to succeed. She encourages people to talk
about the possible things that need to take place. She also is willing to gather the opinions of
everyone. Although she is asking for the input of those in the organization Desirae has the final
What type of leadership style is being displayed?
How do you know? Identify 2-3 elements from the study that helped you reach the decision
that you reached.
Role Play #5 Volunteers Needed: 1
Molly is a director of a program here on campus. She foresees the ends and outs of this program.
As the director she is instrumental in providing rewards and punishments. Tyree was late for a
meeting because he “claimed” his knee was broke and she made him an example. Molly sent
Tyree home without pay. She explained to him the importance of being on time and that she had
given chance after chance. Alex on the other hand was able to provide the things that Molly
needed and was rewarded for her actions with an increase in her hourly wages. Molly wants to
make sure that this programs is meeting the status quo. She is very persistent in checking the
work of others and identifying what people are doing right and what they are doing wrong.
What type of leadership is being displayed?
How do you know? Identify 2-3 elements from the study that helped you reach the decision
that you reached.
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(2012). Autocratic Leadership [Motion picture].
Johnson, R. (2015). 5 Different Types of leadership styles . In Small Business . Retrieved
November 4, 2015, from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/5-different-types-
Khozam, B. (2015). Games for Business Communication. In Small Business. Retrieved
November 2, 2015, from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/games-business-
(2012). Obama's meeting with republicans [Motion picture]. Comedy Central.