Philippinesamerican colony

Devons Somera
Devons SomeraAccounting Manager en World Bank
Group 2,[object Object],Philippines under the American Colony,[object Object],Philippine History Lecture,[object Object],Prepared by: Devons F. Somera,[object Object]
The Philippines, an American colony from 1898 to 1946,[object Object],In 1898, the United States took advantage of the struggles for independence in Spanish colonies to enlarge American political, economic, and moral influence. Ironically, Spanish and American interests were very similar. The Philippines, under Andres Bonifacio and Emilio Aguinaldo, had already begun a revolution against Spain, which had controlled the Islands as a colony, administered from Manila through Mexico from 1565 to 1821, when New Spain became independent of Spain.Events moved quickly in 1898. After the sinking of the "Maine" at Havana harbor, the United States declared war in April. In May, Commodore George Dewey destroyed the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay and the U.S. returned Aguinaldo from exile in Hong Kong. Both men thought that U.S. policy promised independence for the Philippines. In June, Philippine revolutionaries declared independence, but U.S. troops occupied Manila in August. In December, Spain signed the Treaty of Paris ending the Spanish American War and ceding Spanish colonies, including Puerto Rico and the Philippines to the U.S. In February 1899, the United States Senate ratified the Treaty without the support of President McKinley, but not without heated debate. What the U.S. called an "insurrection" had begun in the islands earlier in February. The conflict became the brutal Filipino-American War that officially lasted until 1902. An estimated 4,500 Americans, and at least ten times that many Filipinos died. By 1902, a U.S. Commission had installed a civil government in Manila to promote American culture and Protestant Christian values..,[object Object]
The Philippines, an American colony from 1898 to 1946,[object Object],From 1902 to 1934, the Philippines was subject to U.S. economic and social interests while gradually receiving greater autonomy. A U.S. Act in 1902 established a Philippine Assembly. By 1907, the Philippines had held an election, formed a legislature, and been introduced to U.S. teachers, engineers and missionaries. Free trade with the U.S. came in 1913, and limited self-government in 1916. In 1934 a U.S. Act assured independence within ten years, and Manuel Quezon and Sergio Osmena were elected President and Vice President of the Philippine Commonwealth.The independence act sharply curtailed Philippine emigration to the U.S. Then, in December 1941, Japan invaded the Philippines and imposed the horrors of World War II. Filipino guerillas continued to fight, and in October 1944, their hope was fulfilled with the return of Allied forces under General MacArthur. U.S. President Truman announced the war's end in August 1945, and in 11 months the Philippines became independent,[object Object]
American Colonial Policy,[object Object],They promised to train the Filipinos in Democracy and Self-Government. They want the Philippines to stand on its own as a free and independent nation,[object Object],They shared power with the Filipinos in the government. Human Rights were protected. They developed the economy, improved hygiene and sanitation, and introduced the public school system.,[object Object]
American Colonial Government,[object Object],Military Government (August 1898-July 1901),[object Object],Gen. Wesley Merritt,[object Object],Gen. Elwell Otis,[object Object],Gen. Arthur MacArthur (Father of Douglas MacArthur),[object Object],Civil Government (July 1901-August 1902),[object Object],The Philippine Commission,[object Object],The American Gov. Gen. together with the Philippine Assembly or the Philippine Legislature,[object Object],The Commonwealth of the Philippines,[object Object]
Contributions of the Americans to the Philippines,[object Object],Economic Progress:,[object Object],Population Explosion ,[object Object],New Land Policy,[object Object],Friars land were resold to Filipino farmers,[object Object],Homestead Act of 1924 allowed Filipinos to own up to 24 hectares of public land,[object Object],Torrens titles were given to the land owner,[object Object]
Contributions of the Americans to the Philippines,[object Object],Agriculture Increase,[object Object],In 1902, the Bureau of Agriculture became the first gov’t agency in the Philippines,[object Object],Free Trade America,[object Object],Business Flourished,[object Object],New Industries ,[object Object],Improvement of Transportation and Communications,[object Object],Better Budget,[object Object],New Banks,[object Object],International Exhibitions and Meetings,[object Object]
Economic Problems,[object Object],We sold our raw materials cheap and bought expensive manufactured goods from America. ,[object Object],Colonial Mentality,[object Object],Labor and peasant unrest spread in 1920s and 1930s,[object Object],American Capitalists and businessmen controlled the new companies,[object Object]
Other American contributions,[object Object],Religious Freedom,[object Object],Training in Democracy,[object Object],Free Education,[object Object],Better Health Service,[object Object],Introduction of the English Language,[object Object],Free Press,[object Object],Democratic Family Life and Social Classes,[object Object],Emancipation of Women,[object Object],Recreation, Movies, Theater, Arts and Science,[object Object]
Political Campaign for Independence,[object Object],[object Object]
Sent independent missions in the US from 1919-1935 in the hope of urging the American Congress to grant independence to the Philippines.
In 1932, the US Congress passed the Hare-Hawes-Cutting Law. It was the first Philippine Independence law passed by the US. The law was passed after the 1931 OSROX mission of Sen. Sergio Osmeña and House Speaker Manuel Roxas.,[object Object]
The law provided that the Philippines would be independent in ten years time.
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Philippinesamerican colony

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  • 6.
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  • 8.
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  • 11. Sent independent missions in the US from 1919-1935 in the hope of urging the American Congress to grant independence to the Philippines.
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  • 13. The law provided that the Philippines would be independent in ten years time.
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