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Employers duty to provide
• A safe place of work
• Safe access and egress to and from that place
• A safe system of work
• Safe plant and equipment.
• Identify hazards within the work activity, including
the likelihood of hazardous events
• Assess health and safety risks arising from the work
activity, including the consequences and probability
of the occurrence of events
• Identify appropriate control measures to eliminate
or control the risk
• Effectively monitor and review the control measures
established for the work activity.
• The purpose of the risk assessment is to
enable the employer (or self employed) to
determine what measures or precautions are
needed to allow them to comply with the
duties imposed on them by the Health and
Safety at Work Act 1974.
The assessment will consider the
• The work method being used
• The place where the work is being carried out
• The persons carrying out the work
The Process of Risk Assessment
The process used will depend on the following
– Complexity of the activity
– Number of persons involved or affected
– Plant or equipment being used
– Type and nature of materials involved.
The process can be considered in five steps:
1. Look for the hazards that could cause harm
2. Decide who might be harmed, how, why, when
and by what
3. Evaluate the risks and decide whether the existing
controls and precautions are adequate, or if more
could be done
4. Record the findings
5. Review the assessment and revise if necessary.
The process should address the
• What is to be done - including
plant, equipment, people, materials and in
what working environment
• How exactly is the activity to be carried out
• Where is the work to be done
• How will this affect the
employees, plant, equipment, other people
and the materials in the working
This will address:
• The likelihood of injury or harm arising to employees
and others who may be affected by the work
• Any other specific legal requirements
• All of the risks
• The necessary control measures to eliminate or
reduce health and safety risks associated with the
• The information required by those involved or
affected by the work.