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A Brief Overview of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

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A Brief Overview of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Publicado en: Salud y medicina
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A Brief Overview of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

  1. 1. A Brief Overview of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  2. 2.  Dr. Ellen Wilson, an associate professor at The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, teaches gynecology and reproductive endocrinology. With nearly a over two decades of experience, Dr. Ellen Wilson specializes in the treatment of multiple conditions involving the female reproductive system, including a variety of menstrual disorders and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
  3. 3.  A common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age, PCOS is associated with ovaries that usually appear to be polycystic. Its symptoms can include obesity, excess hair growth, acne and irregular or absent menstrual periods. The initial signs of PCOS often vary according to age; while most postpubescent women notice irregular periods and problems with becoming pregnant, infrequent if not altogether absent menstruation serves as the first sign for many adolescents. Without early diagnosis treatment, PCOS can increase the risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes and endometrial hyperplasia in some individuals.
  4. 4.  Although the cause of PCOS is unknown, multiple theories suggest that genetics plays a role. The treatment of PCOS generally involves addressing the disorder’s symptoms; if weight gain is an issue, many women will adopt a healthier lifestyle that includes a change in diet and exercise, whereas women who do not wish to become pregnant may use birth control pills to reduce acne, hair growth, and regulate menstrual cycles. Those who remain unresponsive to standard fertility treatments may opt for in vitro fertilization or laparoscopic surgical procedure known as 'ovarian drilling'.