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The Lungs (Anatomy of the Thorax)

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THE LUNGS
Dr.Sherif Fahmy

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Dr.Sherif Fahmy

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Dr.Sherif Fahmy

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The Lungs (Anatomy of the Thorax)

  1. 1. THE LUNGS Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  6. 6. Apex of the Lung Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  8. 8. Base of the Lung Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  12. 12. Base Apex Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  14. 14. Surfaces of the Lung 1- Costal surface 2- Medial surface A- Vertebral part. B- Mediastinal part. Dr.Sherif Fahmy
  15. 15. Transverse section of thorax Heart Right lung Left lung Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  17. 17. Borders of the Lung 1- Anterior border 2- Posterior border 3- Inferior border Dr.Sherif Fahmy
  18. 18. Anterior & Posterior Borders Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  22. 22. Mediastinal Relations (Page 55) Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  24. 24. Hilum of Right lung Main bronchus Upper pulmonary vein Lower pulmonary vein Pulmonary artery Eparterial bronchus Brocho- pulmonary l.n. Pulmonary ligamentDr.Sherif Fahmy
  25. 25. Mediastinal relations of Right lung Cardiac impression Rt. Bracheo- cephalic vein S.V.C Trachea with rt. vagus Esophagus Esophagus I.V.C. Azygos vein Thymus & ascending aorta Arch of azygos vein Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  27. 27. Hilum of left lung Main bronchus Upper pulmonary vein Lower pulmonary vein Pulmonary artery Brocho- pulmonary l.n. Pulmonary ligament Dr.Sherif Fahmy
  28. 28. Mediastinal relations of left lung Cardiac impression Aortic arch Left common carotid art. Left subclavian art. Esophagus & thoarcic duct Descending thoracic aorta Esophagus Thymus gland & pulmonary art. Dr.Sherif Fahmy
  29. 29. Hilum & Root of the Lung (Page 57) Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  32. 32. Lobes & Fissures of Lungs Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  34. 34. Broncho-pulmonary Segments (Page 61) Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  41. 41. Lymph drainage of lungs Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  43. 43. PLEURA (page 47) Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  45. 45. Formation of Pleura Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  48. 48. Parts of Pleura • A- Visceral Pleura: That covers the lungs. • B- Parietal Pleura: That lines the surroundings. It is divided into: 1- Cervical. 2- Costal. 3- Mediastinal. 4- Diaphragmatic. Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  51. 51. Recesses of Pleural Sac • 1- Costo-mediastinal Recess. • 2- Costo-diaphragmatic Recess. Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  56. 56. Surface Anatomy of Lung & Pleura (Page 59) Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  59. 59. Applied Anatomy • 1- Pneumothorax: Air in pleural sac (accidental or induced). • 2- Haemothorax: blood in pleural sac. • 3- Empyema: pus in the pleural sac. • 4- In kidney operations avoid injury of pleura.Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  63. 63. Proper site of kidney operation to avoid injury of pleura Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  65. 65. Movements of Respiration (Page 65) Dr.Sherif Fahmy
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  69. 69. Types of Respiration • 1- Abdominal: first 2 years. • 2- Thoracic: 2nd – 7th year. • 3- Abdominal & thoracic : After the 7th year. Dr.Sherif Fahmy

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