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manajemen operasi.pptx

  1. Operations Management Eddy Purnomo
  2. Purpose Students understand the definition, principles, functions, processes, models, and objectives of operations management
  3. Definition Eddy Herjanto (2003;2) According to Eddy Herjanto, the notion of operational management is a continuous and effective process in using management functions to integrate various resources efficiently in order to achieve goals. Jay Heizer and Barry Render (2005;4) According to Jay Heizer and Barry Render, the notion of operational management is a series of activities that produce value in the form of goods and services by converting inputs into outputs. Pangestu Subagyo (2000;1) According to Pangestu Subagyo, the definition of operational management is the application of management science to regulate all production or operational activities so that they can be carried out efficiently.
  4. Definition Fogarty (1989) defines it as a process that continuously and effectively uses management functions to integrate various resources efficiently in order to achieve goals Schroeder (1994) emphasizes 3 (three) things, namely: [1] Management of organizational functions in producing goods and services, [2] There is a transformation system that produces goods and services and [3] Decision making is an important element of operations management
  5. Operations Management An Activity Related To The Manufacture Of Goods, Services Or Their Combination Through The Process Of Transforming Production Resources Into Desired Outputs
  6. Problem Formulation • Why is operational management so important? • What areas of activity require Operations Management skills?
  7. • MO is one of the main functions that must exist in all types of organizations so that if you are going to manage an organization, inevitably you have to learn the concept of MO. • By studying MO, we can find out the ins and outs and various things related to how to produce goods and services • By studying MO, we can understand and understand correctly what an operations manager is supposed to do • Because MO is the most expensive part of the organization, it is very important to learn. This can be interpreted as the effectiveness and efficiency of MO will have a major impact on the company Why is operational management so important?
  8. • Plant Manager Plant management includes expertise in the fields of production planning, purchasing management, inventory management, including employee management in the operational department and management of other resources used in the factory • Director of Purchashing regarding the purchasing function, the ability to review sales programs, integrate or create linkages from suppliers to distributors, coordinate operational activities. • Quality Manager regarding the statistical concept to be able to supervise all operational aspects because quality is a shared responsibility among all parties involved in the company, especially operational functions. • Process Improvement Consultants are concerned with process design so that they can provide various consultations on process improvement for company operations. • Supply Chain Manager and Planner Responsible for negotiating long-term contracts between companies and suppliers and distributors so they must have expertise in Material Requirement Planning, Supply Chain Management, Advanced communication technology in the business world, scheduling and inventory concepts What areas of activity require Operations Management skills?
  9. Operations Management Principles  Reality  Organization  Fundamentals  Accountability  Differences  Relationship  Passion for Work  Humility  Success  Change
  10. Operations Management Strategy Operational management is one of the driving engines of the company. Since operations managers are involved in many roles and functions, it is necessary to develop some appropriate strategies to ensure the smooth execution of obligations and responsibilities.
  11. Operations Management Strategy Strategy Content The strategy here is closely related to meeting market needs, as well as taking advantage of various opportunities for more potential market share. Strategy depends largely on the company's plan. Still, in the preparation of operational management strategies, there are several important contents. Design the process In this content there are research, forecast, and development activities. Where all these activities require expertise and energy whose results can last for a long time. Innovation It is a process of updating the company's output in order to compete with the times.
  12. Operations Management Strategy Data usage It is an important analytical activity for planning, adjustment, and also making the right decisions. Supply chain management Is the management that regulates the company's relationship with manufacturers who supply raw materials. Inventory analysis Is an activity that manages the company's inventory, and divides it in the ABC analysis. The inventory owned is divided into 3 categories A, B, and C. Category A has the most value and control, while C has the least.
  13. Operations Management Strategy Production control Is an effective and efficient operational management of processes. Interdepartmental collaboration Based on a good collaboration and communication system, operational management can collaborate effectively with finance, marketing, sales, human resources, and other departments. Managing human resources Management that regulates the company's workers, the level of customer satisfaction, as well as quality control.
  14. Operations Management Function Robbins and Coutler (2015), said that there are 4 management functions, namely: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling
  15. Operations Management Function Planning A management function that includes defining goals, setting strategies to achieve goals, and developing work plans to manage activities. Organizing (Orginizing) A management function that involves actions to organize and organize various work activities in a structured manner in order to achieve organizational sasaram. Leadership A management function that involves interacting with others to achieve organizational goals. Controlling A management function that involves actions – actions to supervise, assess, and correct the performance and results of work.
  16. Operations Management Objectives This management is in charge of managing all resources owned by the company. These resources are in the form of raw materials, workers, machinery, and other equipment, and ensure the entire production process runs efficiently and effectively. Here are the objectives of operational management.
  17. Operations Management Objectives Efficiency • To increase efficiency in the company, namely by maximizing the output of goods and services with resource inputs at least. Productivity • To increase effectiveness within the company by producing the right goods and services to meet your needs user. Economy • To reduce costs in company activities, namely by: minimize the cost of producing goods and services to be created.
  18. Operations Management Objectives Quality • To improve quality within the company by ensuring that the goods and services produced are in accordance with AN standards specified quality. Reduced processing time • To minimize time wasted on processes Production by controlling time and making the most of It may be time used into other activities
  19. Characteristics of Operations Management • Have a goal that is to produce goods and services. • Having an activity is in the transformation process activities. • The existence of a mechanism that controls an operation.
  20. Summary Operational management is an important system in the company. So the effectiveness and efficiency of operational management has a major impact on the company. This management system has a role to make the products produced according to predetermined operating standards. The resulting product must also be able to satisfy consumer needs. Another thing that must be considered in operational management is a transparent and efficient financial recording process. Good financial records make all business plans run optimally. Financial statements will take place optimally because all reports are presented according to existing reality.
  21. Summary A business with good bookkeeping will facilitate financial control. Both finances are included in income, and expenses. The company's capital will also be seen whether it is used according to planning or not. In addition, it will be able to control the company's expenses, especially in terms of raw material and production costs. To support management, capable technological resources are needed. Operational management is needed so that the company can develop optimally. Enrichment of the supervision system of various departments in business must be carried out by this management system.
  22. Summary Operational management is an application of management science that aims to regulate all company activities to run effectively. This management must contain a management system and must be carried out based on its functions. Without operational management, it is feared that all elements supporting the company's activities cannot run properly.
  23. Bibliography Operasional llowed=y produktivitasperusahaan/#:~:text=Tujuan%20dari%20manajemen%20operasional%20yakni,software %20ERP%2C%20dan%20perlengkapan%20lainnya. Heizer, Jay, dan Render, Barry, 2005 ManajemenOperasi Buku 1 dan Buku 2, Edisi Ketujuh, Jakarta:Salemba Empat Haming, M. dan Nurnajamuddin, M. 2005, ManajemenProduksi Modern, Operasi Manufaktur dan Jasa.Buku 1. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.