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Mexico City and the UN Decade of Action for Road Safety!!   Presented at Transforming Transportation 2013!!   Martha Híjar...
TRANSFORMING	  TRANSPORTATION	                                           Washington	  	  DC	  /	  January	  17-­‐18,	  	  ...
FRAMEWORK	  FOR	  THE	  DEFINITION	  OF	  THE	          	  ROAD	  SAFETY	  PILLARS	                                       ...
Approaches	  to	  Road	  Safety	  	                                               	  TradiAonal	  approach:	  	  •        ...
 Regional	  road	  safety	  	  Road	  safety	  management	       instruments.	                                       Safet...
 PILLAR	  2	  Safe	  roads	  mobility	  	             	  Raise	  the	  inherent	  safety	  and	  protec(ve	  quality	  of	...
PILLAR	  4:	  	  Road	  user	  behavior	  	  •  Develop	  comprehensive	  programs	  to	  improve	  road	  user	  behavior...
MOBILITY	  PATTERNS	  ACCORDING	  FAMILY	  INCOME	                     LOW                                                ...
WHAT	  MEANS	  MOBILITY	  ON	  URBAN	  AREAS?	  CITY	  LIFE	                         AGE	          	         	  WORK	     ...
RTI Mortality rates by type of road user                                                       Mexico City 2007-2011      ...
RTI Hospital discharge rates by type of road user                                                   Mexico City 2007-2011 ...
Mexico City Context	                                —  MODEL	  (CAR	  ORIENTED)	  MOST	  	                               ...
DistribuAon	  of	  road	  traffic	  fataliAes	  by	  road	  user	  	         in	  low,	  middle	  and	  high	  income	  coun...
CAUSES	  OF	  DEATH	  BY	  ROAD	  TRAFFIC	  INJURIES	  	                                             LAS	  AMERICAS	  REGI...
Unplanned	  urbanizaHon	  •    Air	  pollu(on	  •    Basic	  services	  •    Sedentary	  lifestyle	  •    Unhealthy	  diet...
COMMUNITY	  DESIGN	  AND	  HEALTH	                                        •  Obesity,	  physical	  ac(vity,	  CVD	    Rela...
Walking	  and	  cycling	  as	  physical	  ac(vity	  	           or	  as	  a	  mobility	  need?	                           ...
Conceptual model for Safety Promotion                    GOVERANCE	  AND	                             SOCIAL	  CAPITAL    ...
CHALLENGES	  	  THE	  INDIVIDUAL	  RISK	  FACTORS	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	...
Man	  has	  lost	  the	  power	  to	  YVAN	  ILLYCH	  	  	  	  	  	                                                    con...
GRACIAS	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  THANK	  YOU	                                mhijar@fundacionentornos.org	  
Transforming Transportation 2013!!     Co-organized by EMBARQ and The World Bank!!     More information at:!!     EMBARQ.o...
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Mexico City and the UN Decade of Action for Road Safety - Martha Hijar - National Academy of Medicine, Mexico - Fundacion Entornos - Transforming Transportation 2013 - EMBARQ and The World Bank

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Mexico City and the UN Decade of Action for Road Safety - Martha Hijar - National Academy of Medicine, Mexico - Fundacion Entornos - Transforming Transportation 2013 - EMBARQ and The World Bank

  1. 1. Mexico City and the UN Decade of Action for Road Safety!!   Presented at Transforming Transportation 2013!!   Martha Híjar, PhD!!   Senior Researcher!!   National Academy of Medicine, Mexico!Transforming Transportation 2013!
  2. 2. TRANSFORMING  TRANSPORTATION   Washington    DC  /  January  17-­‐18,    2013  CITIES  AND  THE  DECADE  OF  ACTION  ON  ROAD  SAFETY   Implica(ons  of  the  Decade  of  Ac(on  on  Road  Safety    The  case  of  Mexico  City   Martha  Híjar  PhD   Senior  researcher  
  3. 3. FRAMEWORK  FOR  THE  DEFINITION  OF  THE    ROAD  SAFETY  PILLARS   Systemic  approach  Souce:    adapted  from  the  world  report  of  road  safety  WHO    2009    
  4. 4. Approaches  to  Road  Safety      TradiAonal  approach:    •  AcAons  and  mecanisms  •  knowledge  and    •  rules  of  behaviour,    •  to  use  the  urban  roads  correctly.         Integral  and  modern  Approach  •  Measurements  of  urban  design,    •  safe  coexistence  of  every  actor    •  social  character  of  the  street.  Fuente:  Sanz  alduán,  Alfonso.  Calmar  el  Tráfico.  Pasos    para  una  nueva  cultura  de  la    movilidad  urbana.    3º  edición.  Madrid  2008.  Ministerio  de  Fomento,  España.    
  5. 5.  Regional  road  safety    Road  safety  management   instruments.   Safety  and  protec(ve  quality  of     road  networks  for  the  all  road   s  m obility Safe  road users   Safe  vehicles     Road  us er  beha Develop  programmes    to   viour    improve  road  user  behaviour      Improve  health  systems  to     Post  crash  care   provide  appropriate     emergency  treatment    
  6. 6.  PILLAR  2  Safe  roads  mobility      Raise  the  inherent  safety  and  protec(ve  quality  of  road  networks  for  the  benefit  of  all  road  users,  especially  the  most  vulnerable.             Courtesy  Baranda  B  
  7. 7. PILLAR  4:    Road  user  behavior    •  Develop  comprehensive  programs  to  improve  road  user  behavior.      •  Sustained  or  increased  enforcement  of  laws  and  standards,  combined  with    •  Public  awareness/educa(on  to  increase    •    SEAT-­‐BELT  and  •    HELMET  WEARING  rates,  and                                                            INDIVIDUAL  RISK   FACTORS  •    to  reduce    DRINK-­‐DRIVING,                                                                            MOTOR  CRASHES                                                                        •    SPEED,    and  other  risk  factors    
  8. 8. MOBILITY  PATTERNS  ACCORDING  FAMILY  INCOME   LOW HIGH 4 PERSONS NO CAR 4 PERSONS TWO CARS HOME   HOME   GROCERY   SCHOOL   SHOPING   STORE   BUS STOP PHYSICIAN   5    TRIPS   13    TRIPS   BUS STOP 46  Kms.   28  Kms.   SCHOOL   OFFICE   PARTNERS   OFFICE   RESTAURANTE   PUBLIC TRANSPORT BY FOOT CAR TAXI BIKESource: Alcântara de Vasconcelos Eduardo,2008
  9. 9. WHAT  MEANS  MOBILITY  ON  URBAN  AREAS?  CITY  LIFE   AGE      WORK      INCOME    (social    class)      RESIDENCE      DAILY  ACTIVITIES  •  TECHNICAL  PROBLEM    a  SOCIAL    AND    POLITICAL  issue  
  10. 10. RTI Mortality rates by type of road user Mexico City 2007-2011 12   10   YEAR  RATES/100,000  IHABITANTS   8   2007   6   2008   4   2009   2010   2   2011*   0   Pedestrian   Cyclist   Motorcyclist   Occupants   Other   RTI   TYPE  OF  ROAD  USER  
  11. 11. RTI Hospital discharge rates by type of road user Mexico City 2007-2011 18   16   14   12   YEAR   2007  RATES/100,000  IHABITANTS   10   2008   8   2009   6   2010   4   2011*   2   0   Pedestrian   Cyclist   Motorcyclist   Occupants   Other   RTI   TYPE  OF  ROAD  USER  
  12. 12. Mexico City Context   —  MODEL  (CAR  ORIENTED)  MOST     DISADVANTAGED           ROAD  TRAFFIC   —  Needs  of  individual  mobility  PARTIALLY   SOLVED   VS         ROAD  SAFETY   —  MODES  OF  PUBLIC  TRANSPORTATION  but  not   interconnected   —  Adverse  effects:  Environmental,  human  hours   lost,  physical  and  MENTAL  HEALTH     —  Severe  externality  ROAD  TRAFFIC  INJURIES,    
  13. 13. DistribuAon  of  road  traffic  fataliAes  by  road  user     in  low,  middle  and  high  income  countries  Source:  Naci,  H.,  Chisholm,  D.,  Baker,  T.D.,  2009.  Distribu(on  of  road  traffic  deaths    by  road  user  group:  a  global  comparison.  Injury  Preven(on  15,  55–59  
  14. 14. CAUSES  OF  DEATH  BY  ROAD  TRAFFIC  INJURIES     LAS  AMERICAS  REGION  2009   100% 2% 1% 8% 8% 10% 12% 14% 90% 20% Others and unespecified 2% 31% 80% 9% 23% 8% 32% 23% 70% 43% Pedestrians 5% 11% 60% 4% 12% 6% 31% 12% Cyclists 50% 6% 2% 40% 8% 74% 5% Motorcyclists 30% 61% 51% 14% 49% 47% 20% 36% Motor vehicle occupants 10% 20% 0% North Caribe Caribe no Cono Meso Andina TOTAL America Latino latino sur AméricaSource:  Reporte  regional  sobre  seguridad  vial  en  Las  Américas.  PAHO  2010  
  15. 15. Unplanned  urbanizaHon  •  Air  pollu(on  •  Basic  services  •  Sedentary  lifestyle  •  Unhealthy  diets  •  Injuries   •  Urban  poor   •  Older  adults   •  Immigrant  groups   •  Indigenous  popula(on  
  16. 16. COMMUNITY  DESIGN  AND  HEALTH   •  Obesity,  physical  ac(vity,  CVD   Related  to  land  use   •  Water  quan(ty  and  quality    Related  to  automobile   •  Air  pollu(on  and  asthma   dependency   •  Climate  change  contribu(on     •  ↑  Car  crashes   •  ↑  Pedestrian  injuries       Related  to  social   •  Mental  health  impact   processes   •  ↓  Social  capital  
  17. 17. Walking  and  cycling  as  physical  ac(vity     or  as  a  mobility  need?   Outcome   Longevity   Disease  preven(on  Exposure:  pedestrian    CHD  or  cyclist    Cancer    Diabetes    Stroke   Health  promo(on   Mental  health   WALK    AND  CYCLING  ARE  DANGEROUS   BUT  NOT  TO  DO  IT  IS  MORE  DANGEROUS   CONTEXT  IS  IMPORTANT  
  18. 18. Conceptual model for Safety Promotion GOVERANCE  AND   SOCIAL  CAPITAL   SUSTENTABILITY   DEVELOPMENT  OF  A  INTERSETORIALITY  AND   INTEGRATIVE  MODEL  FOR   SOCIAL  PARTICIPATION   SOCIAL  NETWORKS   ROAD  SAFETY   MANAGEMENT   PUBLIC  POLICY   HEALTH   PARTICIPATORY   KNOWLEDGE   PROCESS   RESULTS   INEQUITIES  
  19. 19. CHALLENGES    THE  INDIVIDUAL  RISK  FACTORS                                                      SAFETY  PROMOTION    MODERN,  COMPREHENSIVE  AND  INCLUSIVE  ROAD  SAFETY  APPROACH    NEW    PARADIGM  FOR  MOBILITY.  WALK  SAFETY  AND  INTERCONNECTED  WITH  THE  REST  OF  THE  TRANSPORT  SYSTEM.    INCLUDE  MORE  DETAILED  ACTIONS  BY  TYPE  OF  ROAD  ACTOR  AT  THE  DECADE  OF  ACTION  FOR  ROAD  SAFETY    TO  PROMOTE  THE  MOBILITY  OF  A  SAFE,  EQUITABLE,  HEALTHY  AND  SUSTAINABLE  WAY  FOR  ALL  AND  EACH  ROAD  ACTOR    MOBILITY  POLICIES  BASED  ON  EVIDENCE  BASE      THINK  GLOBALLY/  ACT  LOCALLY  (The  importance  of  the  context)  
  20. 20. Man  has  lost  the  power  to  YVAN  ILLYCH             conceive  himself  as  something  CONFERENCE  ABOUT  MEXICO  CITY   other  than  a  user  of  motorized  Universidad  Autónoma  de    México   transport.  1970    (42  years  ago)     He  has  lost  consciousness    of   the  physical  ,  social  and   psychological  powers  available   to  him  because  of  his  feet.     He  has  forgooen  to  mark  the   scope  of  his  domains  with  his   footprints,  or  to  meet  with  the   neighbors  walking  around  a   park.     He  can’t  find  anyone  without   crashing,  nor  can  he  arrive   without  a  motor  dragging  him  
  21. 21. GRACIAS                  THANK  YOU   mhijar@fundacionentornos.org  
  22. 22. Transforming Transportation 2013!!   Co-organized by EMBARQ and The World Bank!!   More information at:!! EMBARQ.org!! worldbank.org/transport!!   Questions? Comments? Contact us at embarq@wri.org!!   Follow us on Twitter: @EMBARQnetwork!Transforming Transportation 2013!

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