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Gordon Lewis with Gunther Bedson
Erika Marta L
Neng Pipih S
Definition of Games
• Games is an activity in which
participant follow prescribe rules
that differ from those of reality as
strive to attain a challenging goal
(heinich, et.al, 1993:73)
What is a language game?
• Language games are fun, games are also task
based: English is a tool for the children to
reach a goal which is not directly language
related. Craft activities in the target language
are also an example of this, as are songs.
The Characteristics Of Games
• The Characteristics of games as cited by
Evans (1979:128) are as follows:
1. Games are fun to play.
2. Games create active participatory learning.
3. Games provide immediate feedback.
4. Games are flexible .
5. Games are easy to create and reproduce.
According to this book.
• Movement games
• Card games
• Board games
• Dice games
• Drawing games
• Guessing games
• Role-play games
• Singing and chanting games
• Team games
• Word games
Based on Russel
Why use games in EFL
• Games are fun and children like to play them.
Playing games is a vital and natural part of
growing up and learning. Through games
children experiment, discover, and interact
with their environment.
• Games add variation to a lesson and increase
motivation by providing a plausible incentive
to use the target language.
Games As Media In Language Learning
• The aim of language games is to integrate the
learning activity and playing, so that English
could be implemented in daily life.
• Students should know English in context, so
that they know how to communicate in
English. This involves the productive skills and
the receptive skills (Prasad, 2003:86)
Here are some other basic points you
may want to consider:
• A game must be more than just fun
• Play different games from lesson to lesson
• Vary the order in which you play games
• Always end an activity when the fun is still at
• Think ahead
• Making games into part of the syllabus
• Turn players into teams
• Set up ‘game stations’ in the classroom
Dealing with children who are ‘out’ of
Two interesting strategies are:
• A ‘consolation’ round
• The central game board
• The advantages of games in language teaching
1. Games is fun and interesting to play
2. Game can create an active participation from
3. Game can give feedback
4. Game is flexible
5. Game can be created and multiplied easly
Horison in Holden (1986:88)
• Games can be provide
pratice in all four language
skills, namely: listening,
speaking, writing, the
nature enjoyment of the
children in playing games
can make learning easy and
• Games represent a
disturbance of the
traditional organization of
• The real limitation of game
is that they provide few
opportunities for input of
The Disadvantages of games based on
1. Game is wasting valuable time
2. Game creates lack of seriousness atmosphere
in the classroom
3. Game creates winner and losers, where the
losers could lose confidents (Mc Leod,
• A lot of argument
from the expert they
1. Sadiman (2003:78)
2. Harison in holden
3. Uberman (1982:12)
1. Mc leod, (2002:2)
2. Dawson (2000:2)
The Aspects Of Games:
• Type of game
• Group size
Reference of book
• Games for children (Gordon Lewis with
• The effectiveness of binggo game in Learning