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29/08/2015 Elisabetta Meconcelli 1
Social and European Project Design for Non
Profit Associations
YEP! Youth Empowerment
P...
What a project is
Designing a project means implement initiatives, small and
large, addressed to their community, taking c...
3
Design a project is like
planning
The duties of those who have the responsibility to
organize an initiative are:
 give ...
4
The project generates projects
The project should represent not only an
opportunity to respond to a real need found,
but...
5
Why do a project?
The project is a RESPONSE to a REAL
need
THE PROJECT MUST JUSTIFY THE
FINANCING
6
Why do an european project?
4 GOOD REASONS BEYOND THE PERSPECTIVE
OF FINANCING:
1. opportunity to introduce
INNOVATION
2...
7
Why do an european project?
3. opportunities for PERSONAL and
PROFESSIONAL GROWTH and
improvement of the organization
4....
8
How to turn an idea into a
project?
9
STAGES OF THE PROJECT
DESIGN
1. the definition of the premises or the analysis of the
context;
2. data research and anal...
10
How to analyze the needs and find
objectives
2 TOOLS
1. PROBLEM TREE
2. SOLUTION TREE
Problem Tree
Steps:
1. Start from an issue of your community
 High obesity levels in youth in Firenze
2. Analyze the oppo...
Problem Tree
12
E
f
f
e
c
t
s
C
a
u
s
e
s
High Obesity Levels in Youth
Cause 1: Lack of information on
healthy diets
Indir...
Problem Tree
13
E
f
f
e
c
t
s
C
a
u
s
e
s
High Obesity Levels in Youth
Direct
cause
Direct
cause
Direct
cause
Indirect
Cau...
Problem Tree
14
E
f
f
e
c
t
s
C
a
u
s
e
s
High Obesity Levels in Youth
Direct
cause
Direct
cause
Direct
cause
Indirect
Cau...
Problem Tree
15
E
f
f
e
c
t
s
C
a
u
s
e
s
High Obesity Levels in Youth
Direct
cause
Direct
cause
Direct
cause
Indirect
Cau...
Solution Tree
Makes the problem tree POSITIVE
 Direct Causes = Goals
 Indirect Causes = Activities
Direct Effects = Res...
Solution tree:
make problem tree positive
Cause 1: lack of information on healthy diets
Cause 2 : access to junk food in s...
Solution tree:
make problem tree positive
Direct Effect: higher risk of hearth diseases
Indirect Effect: increased costs o...
Solution Tree
19
R
e
s
u
l
t
s
G
o
a
l
s
Decrease Obesity Levels in Youth
Goal Goal Goal
Activity Activity ActivityActivit...
Smarter Goals
Once you have set your goals make
them SMARTER
Specific
Mesurables
Achievable
Realstic and Relevant
Time Bou...
Smarter Goals
Our goal 1 is
poorly written 
SMARTER Goal 1:
Organize an information campaign from 1 st of
June 2016 to 30...
SIMULATION
 In the perifery of Istanbul there is a high rate
of early school leaving between students
among 12-18 years.
...
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Created for the Training Course for Youth Workers financed by the Erasmus+ programme https://yepyouthempowementpriorities.wordpress.com/
Some techniques to write effective project. They focused on the Problem Tree and Solution Tree tools.

A problem tree provides an overview of all the known causes and effect to an identified problem. This is important in planning a community engagement or behaviour change project as it establishes the context in which a project is to occur. Understanding the context helps reveal the complexity of life and this is essential in planning a successful change project.

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Social and European Project Design for Non Profit Association

  1. 1. 29/08/2015 Elisabetta Meconcelli 1 Social and European Project Design for Non Profit Associations YEP! Youth Empowerment Priorities Florence 23-31 August 2015
  2. 2. What a project is Designing a project means implement initiatives, small and large, addressed to their community, taking certain characteristics:  defined objectives  uniqueness  limited duration  limited resources 2
  3. 3. 3 Design a project is like planning The duties of those who have the responsibility to organize an initiative are:  give a logical order to the conduct of operations to an expected result;  involve the resources (human, material etc.) suitable for implementation of the initiative;  organize the work in full respect of the times.
  4. 4. 4 The project generates projects The project should represent not only an opportunity to respond to a real need found, but also an incentive for the development and implementation of new initiatives.
  5. 5. 5 Why do a project? The project is a RESPONSE to a REAL need THE PROJECT MUST JUSTIFY THE FINANCING
  6. 6. 6 Why do an european project? 4 GOOD REASONS BEYOND THE PERSPECTIVE OF FINANCING: 1. opportunity to introduce INNOVATION 2. opportunity to exchange experiences INTERNATIONALLY (EU)
  7. 7. 7 Why do an european project? 3. opportunities for PERSONAL and PROFESSIONAL GROWTH and improvement of the organization 4. opportunities of VISIBILITY and VALIDATION through the project
  8. 8. 8 How to turn an idea into a project?
  9. 9. 9 STAGES OF THE PROJECT DESIGN 1. the definition of the premises or the analysis of the context; 2. data research and analysis of needs; 3. the definition of the expected result; 4. the definition of goals and objectives; 5. work planning; 6. the financial planning; 7. the economic reporting; 8. the evaluation.
  10. 10. 10 How to analyze the needs and find objectives 2 TOOLS 1. PROBLEM TREE 2. SOLUTION TREE
  11. 11. Problem Tree Steps: 1. Start from an issue of your community  High obesity levels in youth in Firenze 2. Analyze the opportunity of your project  Stakeholders, Target Group, Time, Money, Resources 3. Gather competences and Resources  Team building  Jhon Maria  Missing skills?  Goals are clear for everyone? 11 Marketing Web Development Event Management
  12. 12. Problem Tree 12 E f f e c t s C a u s e s High Obesity Levels in Youth Cause 1: Lack of information on healthy diets Indirect Cause: Lack of regulation concerning food in schools Cause 2: Access to junk food in schools Indirect Cause 2… Cause 3: … Indirect Cause 3 … !One Project = One Issue!
  13. 13. Problem Tree 13 E f f e c t s C a u s e s High Obesity Levels in Youth Direct cause Direct cause Direct cause Indirect Cause Indirect Cause Indirect Cause Indirect Cause Indirect Cause Indirect Cause
  14. 14. Problem Tree 14 E f f e c t s C a u s e s High Obesity Levels in Youth Direct cause Direct cause Direct cause Indirect Cause Indirect Cause Indirect Cause Indirect Cause Indirect Cause Indirect Cause Direct effect 1: poor health - hearth diseases, etc. Indirect effect: Higher mortality rates, increased health cost, etc. Direct effect2: phisical attractiveness gets lower Indirect effect: lower selfestime, isolation, etc.
  15. 15. Problem Tree 15 E f f e c t s C a u s e s High Obesity Levels in Youth Direct cause Direct cause Direct cause Indirect Cause Indirect Cause Indirect Cause Indirect Cause Indirect Cause Indirect Cause Direct effects Direct effects Direct effects Indirect effects Indirect effects Indirect effects Indirect effects Indirect effects Indirect effects
  16. 16. Solution Tree Makes the problem tree POSITIVE  Direct Causes = Goals  Indirect Causes = Activities Direct Effects = Results Indirect Effects = Imapcts 16
  17. 17. Solution tree: make problem tree positive Cause 1: lack of information on healthy diets Cause 2 : access to junk food in schools 17 Goal 1: Inform Young people on healthy diets Goal 2: Ban junk food in schools
  18. 18. Solution tree: make problem tree positive Direct Effect: higher risk of hearth diseases Indirect Effect: increased costs on healthcare Indirect Cause: no regulation about junk food in schools 18 Result : Lower risk of hearth diseases Impact: reduced costs on healthcare Activity: campaign to change regulation about junk food
  19. 19. Solution Tree 19 R e s u l t s G o a l s Decrease Obesity Levels in Youth Goal Goal Goal Activity Activity ActivityActivityActivityActivity Result ResultResult Impact Impact Impact Impact Impact Impact
  20. 20. Smarter Goals Once you have set your goals make them SMARTER Specific Mesurables Achievable Realstic and Relevant Time Bound Evaluate Reevaluate 20
  21. 21. Smarter Goals Our goal 1 is poorly written  SMARTER Goal 1: Organize an information campaign from 1 st of June 2016 to 30 th of August 2016 in the Florence highschool “Gramsci””Michelangelo”, to inform 1500 youngsters about healthy diet 21 Inform Young people on healthy diets
  22. 22. SIMULATION  In the perifery of Istanbul there is a high rate of early school leaving between students among 12-18 years.  A group of schools want to change this situation 22
  • AlfonsoAlvarezLafuen

    Oct. 24, 2017

Created for the Training Course for Youth Workers financed by the Erasmus+ programme https://yepyouthempowementpriorities.wordpress.com/ Some techniques to write effective project. They focused on the Problem Tree and Solution Tree tools. A problem tree provides an overview of all the known causes and effect to an identified problem. This is important in planning a community engagement or behaviour change project as it establishes the context in which a project is to occur. Understanding the context helps reveal the complexity of life and this is essential in planning a successful change project.

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