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  1. How is research classified according to?
  2. Purpose Goal Level of Investigation b c a By: John Howard Medrano BSCE 4B
  3. a PURPOSE It essentially represents intentions.
  4. PURPOSE - It has the purpose of determining the future operation of the variables under investigation with the aim of controlling or redirecting such for the better. Predictive or Prognostic Research 1 - Clinical Research: Diagnostic
  5. PURPOSE - Is concerned with the interaction of the components of the variable being investigated. Illuminative Research 2
  6. PURPOSE - Determines what should be done based on the findings. Directive Research 3 - Remedy or Alternative.
  7. GOAL Aspirations or sets future directions or destinations b
  8. GOAL - “Fundamental Research” Basic or Pure Research 1 - Is done for development of theories or principles. - Conducted for intellectual pleasure for learning.
  9. GOAL - The application of the results of pure research. Applied Research 2 - Testing the efficacy of theories and principles.
  11. LEVELS OF INVESTIGATION - The researcher studies the variables patinent to a specific situation. Exploratory Research 1 - Used to investigate a problem which is not clearly defined.
  12. LEVELS OF INVESTIGATION - The researcher studies the relationships of the variables. Descriptive Research 2 - How, What, When, and Where questions.
  13. LEVELS OF INVESTIGATION - The experiment studies the effects of the variables on each other. Experimental Research 3
  14. Types of analysis Scope Choice of answers to problem e f d By: Elmarie J’Anne B. Micu BSCE 4B
  16. Analytic Approach - the researcher attempts to identify and isolate the components of the research situation. According to the Types of Analysis Diagnostic- “Why did it happen?” Predictive- “What is likely to happen?” Descriptive- “What happened?” Prescriptive- “What should be done?” 4 3 2 1
  17. Holistic Approach ● This begins with the total situation, focusing attention on the system first and on its internal relationships. According to the Types of Analysis
  18. SCOPE Boundaries of the research. b
  19. Action Research ● This involves the application of the steps of the scientific method in the classroom problems. ● This type of research is done on a very limited scope to solve a particular problem which is not so big. Examples: Identify a problem to be studied. Collecting data on the problem. Organize, analyze, and interpret the data. According to Scope
  21. Evaluation Research According to the Choice of Answers to Problems ● All possible courses of action are specified and identified and the researcher. Developmental research ● The focus is on finding or developing a more suitable instrument or process than has been available.
  22. Statistical content Time element h g By: Adrian Leigh Gallardo BSCE 4B
  23. ACCORDING TO STATISTICAL CONTENT Quantitative Research Non-Quantitative Research - Is on in which inferential statistics are utilized to determine the results of the study. Examples: - This is research in which the use of the quantity or statistics is practically not utilized. Examples: -The Effect of Parental Involvement on Childhood Academic Achievement -The Relationship Between College Study and Future Job Satisfaction -Dealing With a Loss and The Process of Recovery -The Best Practices for Quitting Alcohol and Cigarettes
  24. ACCORDING TO TIME ELEMENT Historical Research Descriptive Research Experimental Research - Describes what was. Examples: - Describes what is. Examples: - Describes what will be. Examples: -Asia During The Middle Ages -Julius Caesar and His Role in in Building The Roman Republic -Examining the Ability of Music to Create and Maintain Social Bonds During the Pandemic -Uncovering the Many Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues that Have Arises During the Pandemic -What could be Done to Stop the White Rust of Albugo Candida on Spinach Leaves -How Long it Takes to Push a Person in Depression Who is Continuously Taking Drugs
  25. Merryl Jersy V. Francisco BSCE 4B
  26. “Research is what I’m doing when I don’t know what I’m doing.” Wernher Von Braun
  27. Tradition Authority ● This is accepting that customs, beliefs, practices, and superstitions are true and are parts of the daily life of men. • ● This is accepting without question, an opinion about a certain subject which is given by someone who is considered an authority on the subject. HINDRANCES TO RESEARCH
  28. Mystification Overgeneralization ● This is attributing to supernatural power, the phenomena that cannot be understood. ● This is establishing a pattern from a few similar events that are assumed to have the same evidence out of a few instances HINDRANCES TO RESEARCH
  29. • ● This is making up information to explain away confusion. ● This paying attention to events that match a prior conclusion and ignore those that do not. Selective Observation Made-up Information HINDRANCES TO RESEARCH
  30. ● This is attributing something to another without any logical basis. ● This is describing wrongly what is actually observed Illogical Reasoning Innacurate Observation HINDRANCES TO RESEARCH
  31. Ego Involvement in Understanding To err is human ● This is giving explanation when one finds himself in an unfavorable situation. ● This is an attitude that admits the fallibility of man. HINDRANCES TO RESEARCH
  32. Dogmatism ● This is an unwritten policy of certain institutions and governments prohibiting the study of topics that are believed to run counter to the established doctrines of such institutions or governments. HINDRANCES TO RESEARCH
  33. Why are the scientific methods of research be followed? By: Gwyneth A. Quiambao BSCE 4B
  34. SCIENTIFIC METHOD It is the process of objectively establishing facts through testing and experimentation. The basic process involves making an observation, forming a hypothesis, making a prediction, conducting an experiment and finally analyzing the results.
  35. Why are the scientific methods of research be followed? It provides an objective, standardized approach to conducting experiments and, in doing so, improves their results. 2 3 4 1 Acquire a more systematic approach in doing an investigation. It relies on evidence and facts that can be substantiated and proved, and places no reliance on opinion or faith or imagination. Putting a stop to pseudoscience.
  36. References: research 4-types-of-analytics/ college/bachelor-of-science-in-accountancy/module-1- introduction-to-research/17363383 method?amp=1