2. The Hispanization of the Filipinos is very
evident on the different aspects of society.
Catholicism has an important role in the
transformation of the culture of the
3. The literature became Theocentric, from
epics it turns to be awit, corrido,
moromoro, komedya and pasyon.
The alibata was replaced by the
Abecedario of the Spaniards.
5. Doctrina Christiana - it was the first book
printed in the Philippines.
written in 1593 by Fray Miguel Juan De
the primary goal of the book was to
propagate Christian teaching across the
6. In terms of dwellings, the simple Bahay Kubo
became stone houses with different divisions.
The Sala- for receiving visitors
azotea- balcony or terrace
Banguerahan- wash room
komedor- room for dining
14. THE ENCOMIENDA SYSTEM
The encomienda system was a method by
which the Spanish crown rewarded colonial
settlers by entrusting them with a group of
natives whom they would civilize and convert to
Christianity, in return for gifts in the form of
labor, taxes, or goods as tribute. The term
‘encomienda’ is derived from the Spanish word
encomendar, which means ‘to entrust’.
15. Three Types Of Encomienda
Royal- The taxes will go to the king of Spain.
Ecclesiastical – The taxes will go to the Church
Privado- the encomienda given to the friend
of the king.
16. THE DIFFERENT SOCIO-ECONOMIC POLICIES
IMPOSED BY THE SPANIARDS
REDUCCION- This policy was implemented so
that the government and parish priest could
easily monitor the natives and for the easy
conversion to Catholicism.
BANDALA- The natives are obliged to sell their
products to the Spaniards.
17. POLO Y SERVICIO
The forced labor of all Filipino
males from 16 to 60 years old for 40
days periods. The only way to avoid
being forced to do Polo Y Servicio was
to pay the FALLA.
CEDULA- male and female 18 years
old and above will pay every year for
SANCTORUM- tax for the church.
TRIBUTE- it may be paid in cash or in
19. GOV. GENERAL MIGUEL
LOPEZ DE LEGAZPI
he was the first to order the
payment of tribute. The tribute or
buwis was collected to the natives
both in cash and in kind.
20. GALLEON TRADE
The Manila Galleon Trade is an annual round trip
trade carried in a Spanish sailing vessel across the
Pacific between the ports of Manila and Acapulco, a
coastal city in present-day Mexico. The trade, which
took place during 1565-1815, became the sole
means of communication between Spain and the
BOLETAS- ticket for galleon trade.