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Rig components

  1. 1. 1 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Rig Component G u i d e t o O i l w e l l D r i l l i n g
  2. 2. 3 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer
  3. 3. 4 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer
  4. 4. 5 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Well drilling operation
  5. 5. 6 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer DRILLING PERSONALS Contractor Owner
  6. 6. 7 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Contractor company Drilling contractor Service comp Owner
  7. 7. Eng.Elsayed Amer 01 Hoisting System 02 Rotating System 03 Drill string handling equipment 04 Mud Circulating System Introduction Main Rig Systems 05 Power Generation System 06 Blowout Prevention System Eng. El Sayed Amer
  8. 8. 9 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Hoisting System 01
  9. 9. 10 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Used for raising and lowering the drilling assembly, running drill pipes, casing, completion equipment and other tools in and out of the hole. Hoisting System Components Substructure Derrick Crown block Travelling assembly Draw works Drilling line Hoisting System
  10. 10. 11 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Main Components Hoisting System Derrick Substructure
  11. 11. 12 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer 1. Substructure Hoisting System
  12. 12. 13 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer The substructure is the supporting base for: Consist of steel beams, that can easily be dismantled, and rests on concrete foundations around the cellar. Its height varies from a few meters up to 10 m in the largest rigs. 1. Substructure Hoisting System Derrick or mast, draw work rotary table, Rig floor,
  13. 13. 14 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer 01 02 03 1. Substructure Hoisting System Name of the builder Address API standard (ie API 4f) Maximum static load of rotary table04 Serial number05 Height (ft)06 Maximum setback static load07 API name plate contains:
  14. 14. 15 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer 1. Substructure Hoisting System Substructure specification example of 2000 hp rig: ▪ Substructure Height: 35 ft. ▪ Casing capacity: 1,000,000 lbs. ▪ Setback capacity: 800,000 lbs. ▪ Combined Capacity: 1,800,000 lbs. ▪ Clearance from bottom of rotary beam: 30 ft. ▪ BOP handling system capacity: up to 150 T. ▪ Large drill floor: Approx. 39 x 46 ft.
  15. 15. 16 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Depth reference 1. Substructure Hoisting System
  16. 16. 17 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Cat Walk Pipe rack Rig floor Cable tray Catwalk Is an elongated platform about 1 m high, Located near the rig floor where pipe is laid in and lifted into the rig floor by special lifting equipment The catwalk is connected to the rig floor by a pipe ramp. 1. Substructure Hoisting System 1.1 Cat walk Product Name
  17. 17. 18 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer • Hydraulic Catwalk System • Mechanized Catwalk System 1. Substructure Hoisting System 1.1 Cat walk
  18. 18. 19 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer ▪ A vee-door is the opening shaped like an upside down V in one side of a derrick, which allows long pipes and tools to be lifted onto the rig floor. ▪ Also called pipe ramp vee-door Cat Walk 1. Substructure Hoisting System 1. Substructure Hoisting System 1.2 vee door
  19. 19. 20 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Cable tray 1. Substructure Hoisting System 1. Substructure Hoisting System 1.3 Cable Tray
  20. 20. 21 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer 1. Substructure Hoisting System 1. Substructure Hoisting System 1.4 Stairs Main stair Mud system stair
  21. 21. 22 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer 1. Substructure Hoisting System 1. Substructure Hoisting System 1.5 Rig Floor Rig tongue Rotary table Dog house Mast supports Driller console
  22. 22. 23 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer 1. Substructure Hoisting System 1. Substructure Hoisting System 1.6 BOP Crane BOP cranes
  23. 23. 24 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer ✓ The derrick is an open-framework structure of steel beams, ✓ Provide a vertical height to permit the vertical movement of the travelling block for a distance greater than the equivalent of one stand. ✓ The derrick is designed to resist the loads tripped in and out of the well in the operating phases, which induce both static and dynamic stresses. Hoisting System 2. Derrick Hoisting System
  24. 24. 25 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Dual derrick Mast Hoisting System 2. Derrick Hoisting System
  25. 25. 26 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer The range of Derricks & Masts designs: ✓ Static Derricks (Jack Ups & Platforms) ✓ Dynamic Derricks ✓ Dual Derricks ✓ Offset Derricks ✓ Cantilever ✓ Folding Masts ✓ Telescoping Masts ✓ Bootstrap Masts Hoisting System 2. Derrick Hoisting System
  26. 26. 27 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer ✓ Every derrick has a rated load capacity, defined by API (American Petroleum Institute) standards, which establish the maximum hook load Hoisting System 2. Derrick Hoisting System Drilling rig derrick capacity Max. Derrick Load 450,000 lbs Static Hook Load 333,000 lbs ( 8 lines ) Static Hook Load 357,000 lbs ( 10 lines ) Setback Capacity 225,000 lbs Max. Derrick Load 450,000 lbs
  27. 27. 28 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Derrick are normally used on Offshore rigs and can be divided into categories: • Stationary Derrick : Derrick used on offshore fixed structures • Dynamic Derrick: Heavyweight derrick used on floating rigs subjected to marine stress. Hoisting System 2. Derrick Hoisting System
  28. 28. 29 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Nameplate Information Hoisting System 2. Derrick Hoisting System
  29. 29. 30 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Hoisting System 2. Derrick Hoisting System Crown block Mast frame Monkey board Drilling line Traveling block Travelling block Top driveA - Frame
  30. 30. 31 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer The small platform that the derrickman stands on when tripping pipe. Monkey board Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  31. 31. 32 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  32. 32. 33 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer A drawworks is the primary hoisting machinery component of a rotary drilling rig. Draw Work Its function is to provide a means of raising and lowering the traveling block. The capacity of the drawworks that characterizes a rig and indicates the depth rating for the boreholes that can be drilled. Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  33. 33. 34 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Draw Work Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  34. 34. 35 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Draw Work Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  35. 35. 36 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer ✓ Diesel engines are directly connected (compounded) to the draw work by chain. ✓ This system is still in use for small Drilling Rigs (under 1500 HP), but is no longer used on medium-Hi powered rigs( 1500 & 3000 HP). Depending on the engines on the rig, the drawworks can be either: MECHANICAL Draw Work Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  36. 36. 37 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer ✓ Electrical system are normally used today on land rigs and is the only system in use on offshore rigs. ✓ The drawworks are generally connected to 1000 HP D.C. engines, although A.C. engines are now being used as well. Depending on the engines on the rig, the drawworks can be either: Electrical Draw Work Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  37. 37. 38 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer A modern drawworks consists of five main parts: The apparatus can be powered by AC or DC Main Drum Catheads Main Brake Auxiliary brake Main Drum Main Brake Auxiliary Brake Draw Work Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  38. 38. 39 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer a. Main Brake The main brake, usually operated manually by a long handle, may be a friction band brake, Draw Work Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  39. 39. 40 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Draw Work Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  40. 40. 41 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer b. Catheads & Breakout Cathead Catheads are winches with pneumatic clutch and are mounted on the extremity of the secondary drum of the drawworks. The make up cathead is located beside the driller's console and the break-out cathead is located on the opposite side of the driller's console. Draw Work Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  41. 41. 42 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer • The auxiliary brakes are used only when going in the hole on a trip. These are used to prevent burning the band-type brakes. • The auxiliary brakes are of two types: A. The hydro-dynamic type braking is provided by water being impelled in a direction opposite to the rotation of the drum. B. The electromagnetic type braking is provided by two opposing magnetic fields. The magnitude of the magnetic fields is dependent on the speed of rotation and the amount of external excitation current supplied. • In both types of auxiliary braking systems, the heat development must be dissipated using a liquid cooling system. b. Auxiliary brake Draw Work Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  42. 42. 43 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer ❖ The drilling line contained in the hoist drums consists of helically-wound steel-wire strands around a plastic, vegetable fiber or steel core. ❖ The first end of the drilling line (fast line) is wound around the hoist drum, ❖ The factors to consider in the drilling line choice are: ❖ Diameter Breaking strength ❖ Flexibility Elasticity ❖ Corrosion strength Abrasion resistance ❖ Distortion strength Drilling Line Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  43. 43. 44 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer ❖ Wire Rope is composed three parts: - the core, - the strand and - the wire. ❖ slipping and cutoff, is performed when a given value of the work carried out by the line has been reached. Drilling Line Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  44. 44. 45 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Right Lang Lay Left Lang Lay Right Regular Lay Left Regular Lay Types of Wire Rope Lay Drilling Line Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  45. 45. 46 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Type of Wire Rope Construction Shallow: Deep: 1” to 1-1/8” diameter 1-1/4” to 2” diameter Contruction: 6 x 19 S or 6 x 21 S or 6 x 25 FW, RRL, IPS or EIP, IWRC Drilling Line Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  46. 46. 47 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Drilling Line Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  47. 47. 48 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer 6 X 7 with fiber core 6 X 19W with fiber core 6 X 19S with fiber core 6 X 19 with IWR core 6 X 21 Filler Wire with fiber core 6 X 25 Filler Wire with fiber core 6 X 25 Filler Wire with IWR core 6 X 25 Seal with IWR core 6 X 27 Seal with IWR core 6 X 31 Seal with IWR core IWR = Independent Wire Rope Drilling Line Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  48. 48. 49 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer The crown block is a fixed set of pulleys (called sheaves) located at the top of the derrick or mast, over which the drilling line is threaded. ❖ consists of a set of sheaves (usually from 3 to 7) supported by a framework of steel beams. Crown Block Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  49. 49. 50 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Sheaves Crown Block Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  50. 50. 51 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer ❖ The Travelling Block is a set of sheaves (pulleys) that move up and down in the derrick. (one fewer than for the crown block), ❖ The number of sheaves in the crown and travelling block is chosen on the basis of the rated capacity of the tower The number of the pulleys used on the two Blocks can vary from 5 to 8, providing a variable capacity to the Hoisting system. Traveling Block Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  51. 51. 52 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer
  52. 52. 53 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Traveling Block Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  53. 53. 54 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o high-capacity J-shaped equipment used to: ▪ hang various equipment, particularly the swivel and Kelly, the elevator bails or top drive units. ▪ The hook is attached to the bottom of the traveling block and provides a way to pick up heavy loads. Hook Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  54. 54. 55 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o The drilling line is stored on a spool Periodically, some of the drilling line is cut off at the draw works and additional line is pulled off the spool to replace the cut line Drilling Line spool Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  55. 55. 56 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer ❖ deadline anchor is used to tie down the drill line and measure the load suspended from the top drive, i.e. hook load. The wire drum attached to the anchor is designed to rotate during a slip-and-cut procedure Deadline anchor Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  56. 56. 57 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Deadline anchor Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  57. 57. 58 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer ❖ The control panel, located on rig floor, where the driller controls drilling operations. Driller panel Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  58. 58. 59 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Driller panel Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  59. 59. 60 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer
  60. 60. 61 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer ❖ An air hoist or horse , man ride is a safer way to lift heavy objects to rig floor. Air hoist Hoisting SystemHoisting System
  61. 61. 62 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Dog house Hoisting System
  62. 62. 63 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Rotating System 02
  63. 63. 64 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer The system of rotation is intended to cause the drill string to rotate. Rotary table Kelly or Top Drive Kelly Bushing Master Bushing Top drive System Drill Pipe Drill Collars Bit Swivel Kelly Kelly Bushing K.B. Elevation Rotary Table Rotating System Components Function Rotating System
  64. 64. 65 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o The top drive is a relatively recent piece of equipment, introduced towards the mid-1980s, grouping together in a single unit o The equipment for connecting the drill pipes, rotation of the drill string and circulation of the fluid o The top drive unit is suspended from the hook and is guided by two vertical rails fixed to the derrick, which provide the reactive torque necessary to prevent the rotation of the whole complex and to allow free vertical movement. Top Drive Rotating System
  65. 65. 66 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Top drive Rig floor Drill pipe ‘A’ frame Guide rails Top Drive Rotating System
  66. 66. 67 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Top Drive Rotating System
  67. 67. 68 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Top Drive Rotating System
  68. 68. 69 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer the use of the top drive instead of the rotary table offers numerous advantages, including: 1 2 3 Contain its own swivel assembly Performing trip-out operation while circulating mud and rotating the string (back reaming), Allow fewer connections where it connect stand by stand (30 m) in one connection 4 Allow rotation while lifting ( back reaming ) Top Drive Rotating System
  69. 69. 70 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o The rotary tool that is hung from the hook of the traveling block to suspend the drillstring and permit it to rotate freely. o It also provide connection for the rotary hose and provide passageway for the flow of drilling fluid into the drill stem. Swivel Rotating System
  70. 70. 71 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o Old fashion o It transmits the power from the rotary table to the drill string. o At the same time it serves as a conduit for the drilling fluid, o It absorbs torque from the drill string and carries the entire axial load. o It is the most heavily loaded component of the drill string. Kelly Rotating System
  71. 71. 72 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o Due to Kelly length (12 m) only one joint could be added o The Kelly is a square or hexagonally shaped pipe Kelly Rotating System
  72. 72. 73 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Kelly Rotating System
  73. 73. 74 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Kelly Rotating System
  74. 74. 75 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o used to transmit torque from the rotary table to the Kelly. The Kelly bushing is designed to be the connection between the rotary table and the Kelly. Kelly Bushing Rotating System
  75. 75. 76 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o A device that fits into the rotary table to accommodate the slips and drive the Kelly bushing so that the rotating motion of the rotary table can be transmitted to the Kelly. Also called rotary bushing. Master Bushing Rotating System
  76. 76. 77 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Master Bushing Rotating System
  77. 77. 78 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o A rotary table is a mechanical device on a drilling rig that provides clockwise rotational force to the drill string to facilitate the process of drilling a borehole. o Most rotary tables are chain driven Rotary table Rotating System
  78. 78. 79 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Rotary table Rotating System
  79. 79. 80 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Rotary table Rotating System
  80. 80. 81 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer
  81. 81. 82 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Tubular Handling Equipment 03
  82. 82. 83 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o Is an assemblage of hollow pipes of circular section, extending from the surface to the bottom of the hole. o It has three functions: ✓ it takes the drilling bit to the bottom of the hole, while transmitting its rotation and its vertical load to it. ✓ It permits the circulation of the drilling fluid to the bottom of the hole. ✓ it guides and controls the trajectory of the hole. Drill string Tubular Handling
  83. 83. 84 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Drill string Tubular Handling o Drilling String Components: The Drill String includes all tubular equipment between the Kelly Swivel and the bit ✓Kelly ✓Surface Safety Valves ✓Drill Pipe ✓Heavy Weight Drill Pipe ✓Drill Collar ✓Jars - Shock Subs - Bumper Subs - Junk Baskets - Accelerators etc...
  84. 84. 85 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o The drill pipes are hollow steel pipes of various types, with two tool joints welded at their ends. o They are standardized according to API standards and classified on the basis of their length (usually about 9 m), their outside diameter, their linear weight and their steel grade. Drill Pipe Tubular Handling
  85. 85. 86 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Drill Pipe Tubular Handling
  86. 86. 87 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Drill Pipe Tubular Handling
  87. 87. 88 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Drill Pipe Tubular Handling
  88. 88. 89 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Drill Pipe Tubular Handling No Grooves = Grade E-75 1 Groove = Grade X-95 2 Grooves = Grade G-105 3 Grooves = Grade S-135
  89. 89. 90 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer
  90. 90. 91 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Stab in Guides Tubular Handling o Prevent damage to threads or seals while joints are being added to or removed from the string.
  91. 91. 92 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o Hevi-Wate drill pipe is an intermediate weight drill stem member. It consists of heavy-wall tubes attached to special extra- length tool joints. It has drill pipe dimensions for ease of handling. Because of its weight and construction, Hevi-Wate drill pipe can be run in compression the same as drill collars in small diameter holes and in highly deviated and horizontal wells. Heavy Weight Drill pipe Tubular Handling
  92. 92. 93 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o Similar in appearance to a drill pipe, HWDP has the following different dimensional characteristics; the tube wall is heavier about 1”thick in most sizes, the tool joints are longer, and the tube section has a larger diameter at mid length to protect the pipe from wear. Heavy Weight Drill pipe Tubular Handling
  93. 93. 94 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Heavy Weight Drill pipe Tubular Handling Heavy Weight Drill Pipes Function HWDP is used to absorb the stresses being transferred from the Drill Collars to the Drill Pipe. The major HWDP benefits are: o Increased wall thickness o Longer tool joints o Uses more hard facing o May have a long central upset section
  94. 94. 95 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o Drill collars have larger outer diameter and smaller inner diameter than drill pipe. The functions of drill collars are: ▪ Provide the required weight on bit while drilling ▪ Maintain drill string in tension which reduces bending and fatigue failures. ▪ Provide stiffness for directional control Drill collar Drillpipe An 8” OD drill collar weighs 150 lbs/ft or 4500 lbs each Drill Collar Tubular Handling
  95. 95. 96 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Drill Collar Tubular Handling Types o Comes in many OD and ID sizes o Typically 3 1/8" to 11" OD, Most commonly in lengths of 30 - 31 ft o Both slick and spiral drill collars are used. o Spiral collars where there is chance of getting stuck o where differential sticking is a possibility spiral drill collars and spiral HWDP should be used in order to minimize contact area with the formation.
  96. 96. 97 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Drill Collar Tubular Handling
  97. 97. 98 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o A short, threaded piece of pipe used to adapt parts of the drilling string that cannot otherwise be screwed together because of difference in thread size or design. o These consist of: Subs Tubular Handling Bit Sub Crossover Sub Kelly Saver Sub Lifting Sub Bent Sub
  98. 98. 99 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o Subs are classified into four main categories: Subs Tubular Handling Bit Sub or crossover subs are used to connect the drill bit to the first piece of BHA equipment or to crossover connections in the drill string. Drill bits are manufactured with a pin, making make-up impossible without a bit sub. Workover subs or circulating subs are used to limit the allowable fluid-circulation rates. Lifting Sub or handling subs are used to lift BHA components from the catwalk to the rig floor. Top drive subs or saver subs serve as the sacrificial element between the drill string and the top drive, reducing repair and maintenance costs.
  99. 99. 100 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Subs Tubular Handling
  100. 100. 101 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Subs Tubular Handling
  101. 101. 102 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Subs Tubular Handling
  102. 102. 103 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Subs Tubular Handling
  103. 103. 104 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Subs Tubular Handling
  104. 104. 105 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Subs Tubular Handling
  105. 105. 106 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Subs Tubular Handling
  106. 106. 107 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o Equipment used to move, make and break connection, suspend tubular on the rig. These include the following: Handling Equipment Tubular Handling Top drive Links Elevator Lifting Subs Lifting Sub Slips Safety Clamp Tongs Pipe Spinner Bit Breaker Thread Protectors Safety Clamps
  107. 107. 108 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o Equipment attached onto the top drive in order to suspend the Elevators. Handling Equipment Tubular Handling Top drive Links
  108. 108. 109 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o Clamps that grip a stand of casing, tubing, drill pipe or drill collars so that the stand or joint can be raised from or lowered into the hole opening of the rotary table. Handling Equipment Tubular Handling Pipe Elevator
  109. 109. 110 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Handling Equipment Tubular Handling
  110. 110. 111 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Handling Equipment Tubular Handling
  111. 111. 112 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o Slips is a device used to grip and hold the upper part of a drill string to the drill floor on an oil rig. o hanging the string on rotary table Handling Equipment Tubular Handling Slips
  112. 112. 113 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Handling Equipment Tubular Handling Slips
  113. 113. 114 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Handling Equipment Tubular Handling Slips
  114. 114. 115 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Handling Equipment Tubular Handling Slips Drill Pipe SlipsDrill collar Slips Casing slips
  115. 115. 116 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Handling Equipment Tubular Handling Safety clamp o used on tubular above the slips to prevent dropping the string should the slips fail to hold.
  116. 116. 117 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Safety clamp
  117. 117. 118 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Handling Equipment Tubular Handling Single Joint Elevators o designed to replace unsafe rope slings for hoisting collar- type pipe into position.
  118. 118. 119 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Make up Tong Breakout Tong Handling Equipment Tubular Handling Rig tong o Used to make up and brake down drill string.
  119. 119. 120 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Rig tong
  120. 120. 121 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer
  121. 121. 122 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Handling Equipment Tubular Handling Rig tong
  122. 122. 123 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Handling Equipment Tubular Handling pipe Spinner o A pneumatically operated device usually suspended on the rig floor used to make fast connections and spin off of drill pipes.
  123. 123. 124 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer 5. pipe Spinner
  124. 124. 125 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Handling Equipment Tubular Handling Bit breaker o A device that is placed on top of the rotary table to enable the bit to be made up to drill string.
  125. 125. 126 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Handling Equipment Tubular Handling Drifts o Sometimes referred to as rabbits Normally the drift is used to establish that the tubular has a predetermined inside diameter.
  126. 126. 127 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Mud Circulation System 04
  127. 127. 128 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o A major function of the fluid circulating system is to remove the rock cuttings from the hole as the drilling progresses System Mud Circulation Function Mud Pump Standpipe Swivel Drillstring Return Line Principal Components: Shale Shaker Desander De-silter Degasser Mud Pit
  128. 128. 129 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer
  129. 129. 130 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer System Mud Circulation
  130. 130. 131 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o A large, high-pressure reciprocating pump used to circulated the mud on a drilling rig. o The mud pumps take the fluid from the pit and pump it into the well • Triplex pumps • Duplex pumps o Receive their power from an electric motor independent from other uses. Mud Circulation Mud pumps
  131. 131. 132 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Mud Circulation Mud pumps
  132. 132. 133 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Mud Circulation Mud pumps
  133. 133. 134 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o to absorb the mud pump's pressure surges (changes in flow velocity), creating a steady-state (non-surging) flow of mud under more-or- less constant pressure, which lessens wear on the hose (and other mud system components). Mud Circulation MUD PUMP ACCESSORIES A) Pulsation Dampeners.
  134. 134. 135 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Mud Circulation MUD PUMP ACCESSORIES A) Pulsation Dampeners.
  135. 135. 136 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o its purpose is to divert the flow of mud in desired path. towards the drill line or toward the drill string o it also has the connection ports where pressure the temperature sensor are connected. Mud Circulation Stand pipe manifold
  136. 136. 137 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o The fluid is pumped up the standpipe and through the rotary hose into the swivel Mud Circulation Stand Pipe
  137. 137. 138 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o large-diameter (3- to 5-in.inside diameter), o high-pressure flexible line used to connect the standpipe to the swivel. o This flexible piping arrangement permits the kelly (and, in turn, the drillstring and bit) to be raised or lowered while drilling fluid is pumped through the drillstring. Mud Circulation Rotary hose
  138. 138. 139 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Mud Circulation Rotary hose
  139. 139. 140 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o The passageway of the drilling fluid as it comes out of the well. Mud Circulation Mud return
  140. 140. 141 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o An equipment the uses a vibrating screen to remove cuttings from the circulating fluid in rotary drilling operations. Mud Circulation Shale Shaker POSSUM BELLY From mud return line Vibrator motor Screens Shale shaker
  141. 141. 142 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer
  142. 142. 143 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o A centrifugal device for removing sand from the drilling fluid to prevent abrasion of the pumps. Mud Circulation Desander
  143. 143. 144 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Mud Circulation Desander
  144. 144. 145 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Mud Circulation Desilter o Also a centrifugal device for removing free particles of silt from the drilling fluid to keep the amount of solids in the fluid at the lowest possible point.
  145. 145. 146 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Mud Circulation Degasser o A device that removes air or gases (methane, H2S, CO2 and others) from drilling liquids. o There are two generic : I. by pulling a vacuum on the mud II. by increasing the surface area available to the mud so that bubbles escape o If the gas content in the mud is high, a mud gas separator or "poor boy degasser" is used, because it has a higher capacity than standard degassers and routes the evolved gases away from the rig to a flaring area complete with an ignition source.
  146. 146. 147 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Mud Circulation Degasser
  147. 147. 148 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Mud Circulation Mud tanks o Used to store drilling fluid on a drilling rig. They are also called mud pits.
  148. 148. 149 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Mud Circulation Mud tanks
  149. 149. 150 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Mud Circulation Reserve Pit o The reserve pit may be used to store spare or waste mud, base oil or brine. In operations on land, the reserve pit is usually a plastic-lined, earthen pit, in which waste mud is stored until final disposal.
  150. 150. 151 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Mud Circulation Reserve Pit
  151. 151. 152 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer
  152. 152. 153 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Mud Circulation Mixing hopper o The reserve pit may be used to store spare or waste mud, base oil or brine. In operations on land, the reserve pit is usually a plastic-lined, earthen pit, in which waste mud is stored until final disposal.
  153. 153. 154 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer
  154. 154. 155 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Power system 05
  155. 155. 156 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Power system Power Generation system o The power system of a rotary drilling rig has to supply power to all the other systems. o the system must provide power for: I. pumps in general, II. rig light, III. air compressors, etc. o Since the largest power consumers on a rotary drilling rig are: I. the hoisting, II. the circulation system, and the rotary system,
  156. 156. 157 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Power system Power Generation system o the sources of energy are diesel fueled engines. o Most rigs use 1 to 5 engines to power the drawworks and rotary table. o The engines are usually rated between 400 and 800 hp. o As guideline, power requirements for most onshore rigs are between 1,000 to 3,000 hp. o Offshore rigs in general use much more power.
  157. 157. 158 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Power system Power Generation system
  158. 158. 159 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer
  159. 159. 160 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Power system SCR o The power on modern rigs is most commonly generated by diesel- electric power units. o The power produced is AC current which is then converted to DC current by the use of SCR (Silicon Controlled Rectifier). o The current is delivered by cables to electric motors attached directly to the equipment involved such as: I. mud pumps, II. rotary table, III. Drawworks etc
  160. 160. 161 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Power system SCR
  161. 161. 162 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Power system Diesel Tank o Fuel tank for generator
  162. 162. 163 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Well control System 05
  163. 163. 164 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer o BOP system is designed and used to prevent uncontrolled release of fluids and liquids by sealing, controlling, and monitoring oil and gas wells. Well control system Function Annular Blowout Preventer Ram Blowout Preventer Diverter Manifold, Valves and Sensors Accumulator Principal Components: Inside BOP A S B P P
  164. 164. 165 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Well control system BOP stack
  165. 165. 166 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer
  166. 166. 167 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Well control system Diverter BOP is an annular preventer with a large piping system underneath. It is utilized to divert the kick from the rig and it can be used when the conductor pipe is set. Mud return line Flare Line
  167. 167. 168 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Well control system BOP stack o large valves located on the wellhead during drilling operations ,able to fully shut-in the well in just a few tens of seconds, whatever the working conditions. o Consists of: i. Annular BOP ii. Ram BOP
  168. 168. 169 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Well control system BOP stack i. Annular BOP Annular blowout preventer (Annular BOP) is a special mechanical device used to seal, control, and monitor oil & gas well. Annular BOP is placed on the top of ram preventers. It is called annular due to its structure; it surrounds top of the wellbore in a shape of a ring or an annulus.
  169. 169. 170 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Well control system Annular BOP
  170. 170. 171 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Well control system BOP stack ii. Ram BOP a special assembly used during drilling as part of blowout prevention system. The shut-off valves in ram preventers close by forcing or ramming themselves together. Ram BOPs close the well by rams which operate in unison and actuated by hydraulic cylinders. Ram BOP has several types of rams, such as pipe ram, blind ram, shear ram and blind shear ram.
  171. 171. 172 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer
  172. 172. 173 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Well control system BOP Ram
  173. 173. 174 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Well control system BOP stack
  174. 174. 175 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Well control system BOP stack
  175. 175. 176 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Well control system Subsea BOP
  176. 176. 177 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Well control system BOP control Panel
  177. 177. 178 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Well control system Choke manifold o The arrangement of piping and special valves, called chokes, through which drilling mud is circulated when the blowout preventers are closed to control the pressures encountered during a kick.
  178. 178. 179 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Well control system DRILLING CHOKE CONTROL PANEL
  179. 179. 180 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Well control system accumulator o The storage device for nitrogen pressurized hydraulic fluid, which is used in operating the blowout preventers.
  180. 180. 181 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer ST 4 2000 hp drilling rig Sino Tharwa Drilling Company Rated Drilling Depth Mud Pumps Mud Tanks Power Supply Well Control Equipment Rotary Table Hook load Draw Works Derrick Safety Equipment Camp 20,000 ft. with 5” drill pipe. Eng. Elsayed Amer Static load capacity 1,000,000 lb Height 149 ft 2000 hp drilling line 1 1/2” Rated capacity 1,000,000 lb Max. Opening 37-1/2” Height 29.5 ft Two Triplex 1600 hp Rated input power 5000 psi working pressure Total number 6 tanks Total capacity 2250 bbl 3 ea. Engine Cat 3512 B • 21 ¼” x 2000 psi diverter system • 13 5/8” annular preventer 5000 psi. • 13 5/8” double ram preventer 10000 psi. • 13 5/8” single ram preventer 10000 psi • Accumulator unit 3000 psi working pressure with 210 gallon capacity & 20 bottle installed To accommodate 80 person As required by regulations
  181. 181. 182 | Email : Eng20072007@gmail.com | YouTube : PetroleumandNaturalgasCoursesEng. Elsayed Amer Drilling Time & Cost Impact Eng. Elsayed Amer Section Lengths Time Savings (Days) Dayrate Cost ($70k / day) Casing Cost Cement Cost Total Cost 26" Hole 1500 Base Case -$ 81,000.00$ 41,000.00$ 122,000.00$ 16" Hole 6445 Base Case -$ 278,075.00$ 118,000.00$ 396,075.00$ 14" Hole 4740 Base Case -$ 378,000.00$ 110,000.00$ 488,000.00$ 12 1/4" Hole 2315 Base Case -$ 465,000.00$ 106,000.00$ 571,000.00$ 8 1/2" Hole 3430 Base Case -$ -$ -$ -$ Total Depth 18430 Base Case -$ 1,202,075.00$ 375,000.00$ $1,577,075.00 Section Lengths Time Savings (Days) Dayrate Cost ($70k / day) Casing Cost Cement Cost Total Cost 26" Hole 1500 0.00 $0.00 81,000.00$ 41,000.00$ 122,000.00$ 16" Hole 6855 0.57 $39,861.11 292,425.00$ 125,506.59$ 457,792.71$ 14" Hole 4081 (1.83) ($128,138.89) 328,575.00$ 94,706.75$ 295,142.86$ 12 1/4" Hole 2303 (0.03) ($2,333.33) 456,909.00$ 105,450.54$ 560,026.21$ 8 1/2" Hole 3393 (0.10) ($7,194.44) -$ -$ (7,194.44)$ Total Depth 18132 (1.40) ($97,805.56) 1,158,909.00$ 366,663.89$ $1,427,767.33 $149,307.67 Original Design Cost Benefit Revised Design Cost Benefit Estimated Total Savings =

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