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Future of mobility - An Infographic #EnjoyDigitAll by BNP Paribas

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Transportation is changing and it's changing fast! Inclusivity, environmental concerns and smart cities are all new challenges our mobility needs to tackle. Find more in our new infographics!

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Future of mobility - An Infographic #EnjoyDigitAll by BNP Paribas

  1. 1. FutureofMobility A right to mobility, that includes training and support is a way for everyone to have the same opportunities to move without harming others. We must, therefore, add the environmental and social factors to the speed and cost ones when choosing how to commute and travel. Mobility is political. It’s an infrastructure network that influences our policies, a world political goal, a local and national political issue, and even sometimes, a political force in its own right. Intermodality is the use of several modes of transportation during of the same trip. Intermodality means shifting from a logic of infrastructure creation to a user-centric logic. TOUS ÉGAUX FACE À LA MOBILITÉ LIBERTÉ ÉGALITÉ TOUS UNIS LIBERTÉ DE CICRCULER FROM NOW ON my transport will be… TOMORROW my transport will be… INTERMODAL OPEN SOURCE Transport inclusiveness means giving to everyone the same opportunity to move. It implies making it possible for every disadvantaged minority (economical, demographical, geographical, physical, etc.) to get access to it. In Medellin, Colombia, the municipality equipped difficult sloping neighborhoods with gondola lifts and escalators. It helped the populations open up and criminality to fall. In Curitiba, Brazil, the 'Bus Rapid Transit' was designed like the underground metros and makesit possible for disabled wheelchairs to move without a hitch. In Bethune, France, free shuttles pick up over 70s at home and take them wherever they want. In Niort, France, buses are totally free. In addition to many benefits, this enables people from the most disadvantaged social classes to move and participate in local life. In Abidjan and Seoul, the public sector partnered with local telecoms to combine their data and create or modify relevant bus lines. United Nations project that offers to local populations to imagine the future of their city by creating it in the famous game Minecraft. International movement centered on "civic tech". This movement uses open data (especially public data) to create new tools that improve the lives of citizens. INCLUSIVE Interoperability is the ability of systems, units and materials to operate together. The mobility tools must henceforth be included in the logic of collective and standardized mobility. INTEROPERABLE & CONNECTED These new trains should theoretically exceed the speed of sound, be less energy intensive and less expensive. The first research on the topic dates back from the 1900s. The technical, physical, economic or ecological constraints are still too numerous to really compete with current high-speed trains and to reach the announced speeds in the near future. The fact that they are at hand, available on a large scale by 2050 is a near certainty. Electric and autonomous cars nevertheless raise many questions. Should we continue individual transports in machines that are still weighed down by batteries and sensors? Are we not risking the increase of urban sprawl? Which economic players will drain the benefits of this new car service model? Etc. NEW TRAINS ELECTRIC & AUTONOMOUS CARS Open source makes it possible to access, redistribute freely and create works derived from a computer code, a database or any other work of the mind. Gondola Lifts & Escalators Bus Rapid TransitFree buses Code for All Block by BlockData combination Free shuttle for elderly people Mobility As A Service (MAAS) is a vision based on the unification of mobility services and a fusion of multimodal ticketing and information tools. Mobility As A Service (MAAS) In France, several cities offer this service, like Mulhouse with the "Mobility Account" and Saint-Etienne with "Moovizy". Since the 1980s, European countries have been trying to harmonize their train lines by setting network standards so as to facilitate the transition from one country to another. Rail network standards Tested by European project SARTRE, the "Platooning" consists in connecting vehicles to one another via WiFi. Thus, the vehicles that follower a first of rope align their actions on it, which reduces energy consumption and traffic congestionthanks to an aspiration effect. Platooning Therefore, it’s necessary to link the different transport facilities from the first to the last mile: • Urban Transport (subway, tramway, bicycle etc.) • Rural transport (bicycle, carpooling, car etc.) • Long-distance transport (plane, train, bus, carpooling etc.) DONNÉES Hyperloop North American Hyperloop One Virgin, Hyperloop TT and Transpod are at the forefront of the Hyperloop research. The train would be elevated using magnetic levitation and launched through a low-pressure tube. The Hyperloop One Virgin holds the speed record at 240 mph. Far from the TGV and its 357 mph. Transrapid The magnetic levitation train, first used in Germany and then named Transrapid, was abandoned after a crash in 2006. Some lines still exist but it is the Japanese variant, the Maglev, which has the wind in its sails. The Tokyo-Osaka line under construction for 2037 will support the latest prototype that can go up to 375 mph. The technologies have been known for many years, but questions remain. Will electric power be renewable or will it only displace the problem? What alternative to lithium batteries? Etc. Autonomous cars are a near reality but here again questions remain. How to provide enough energy for the huge computing power needed? How to secure connected cars in the network? What ethical choices to accept in case of accidents? Etc. Spacetrain Jean Bertin's Aerotrain, a train mounted on a cushion of air and placed in a low-pressure tube, reached the speed of 267 mph in 1970. French Startup Spacetrain - a subsidiary of Jacques Vaucanson – reuses the principles of the Aérotrain. First tests are planned in 2020. AIR VEHICLES The first drones/cars are just taking off and their commercials are already announced. The prices are very high and the difficulties they imply (securing the airspace, expensive and nonexistent infrastructures, opposed to ecological discourses, etc.) make their large-scale commercialization unlikely. Skytran (USA) and Métrino (New Zealand) are the two main players in these new gondola lifts. Very energy-saving, malleable in their design, fast, and at the same time collective, individual and on demand transport, they seem to match all the characteristics of what would be the best urban transport of the future. Sources : • « Transport en commun gratuit : ça paye, la preuve à Niort » - « Où en est l'hyperloop ? Le point sur les technologies-clés de ce train du futur » - SkyTran : Le moyen de transport qui va révolutionner nos villes - • • Illustrations : • « Metrino, le transport en commun du futur » - Designed by by FOLLOW US ON TWITTER