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  1. 1. UNIVERSIDAD TÉCNICA DE AMBATO FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS HUMANAS Y DE LA EDUCACIÓN CARRERA DE IDIOMAS VOCABULARY CARDS ESTEFANÍA CALERO
  2. 2. 1. ARISE: TO APPEAR OR COME INTO EXISTENCE; TO HAPPEN OR EXIST AS A RESULT OF SOMETHING, TO RISE FROM A QUIET, INACTIVE, OR SUBJUGATED STATE TO BECOME ACTIVE, VOCAL, OR REBELLIOUS. E.G: THE NEW JUSTIN TIMBERLAKE’S SONG ARISED LAST MONTH ON MTV.
  3. 3. 2. BEARD: THE HAIR THAT SOME MEN ALLOW TO GROW ON THE LOWER PART OF THEIR FACE. E.G: MANY PEOPLE IN THE MEDIEVAL AGE USED TO WEAR LONG BEARDS.
  4. 4. 3. BIODEGRADABLE: TO BE ABLE TO DECAY NATURALLY AND IN A WAY THAT IS NOT HARMFUL. E.G: COMPANIES AROUND THE WORLD ARE USING BIODEGRADABLE MATERIALS TO BE GREEN WITH OUR PLANET.
  5. 5. 4. BURST: TO BREAK OPEN OR APART SUDDENLY , OR MAKE SOMETHING DO THIS, TO FEEL A STRING EMOTION, OR STRONG WISH TO DO SOMETHING. E.G: IN NEW YEAR’S EVE ECUADORIANS BURSTS POPPETS AS A TRADITION.
  6. 6. 5. CHOP TO CUT SOMETHING INTO PIECES WITH AN AXE, KNIFE, OR OTHER SHARP INSTRUMENT, IF SOMETHING IS CHOP CHOPPED IN BUSINESS, IT IS STOPPED OR REDUCED. E.G: WE CHOPPED SOME WOOD TO MAKE FIRE WHEN WE WERE CAMPING.
  7. 7. 6. CRAMP: A SUDDEN PAINFUL TIGHTENING IN A MUSCLE, OFTEN AFTER A LOT OF EXERCISE, THAT LIMITS MOVEMENT, PAINS IN THE LOWER STOMACH CAUSED BY A WOMAN'S PERIOD. E.G: AFTER PLAYING A LOT OF SOCCER MY COUSIN SUFFER A CRAMP AND HE HAS TO GO TO THE DOCTOR.
  8. 8. 7. CUBISM: A STYLE OF MODERN ART IN WHICH AN OBJECT OR PERSON IS SHOWN AS A SET OF GEOMETRIC SHAPES AND AS IF SEEN FROM MANY DIFFERENT ANGLES AT THE SAME TIME. E.G: LAST PICASSO PAINTING USE CUBISM AS THE TECHNIQUE.
  9. 9. 8. DAG: A PERSON WHO DOES NOT LOOK ATTRACTIVE OR WHO BEHAVES IN A WAY THAT IS NOT ATTRACTIVE. E.G: MY COUSIN’S BOYFRIEND SEEMS TO BE A DAG TO ME, I REALLY DO NOT LIKE HIM.
  10. 10. 9. DROUGHT: A LONG PERIOD WHEN THERE IS LITTLE OR NO RAIN. E.G: IN THIS WINTER SEASON AT THE COAST REGION THERE WAS A HUGE DROUGHT BECAUSE THE RAIN DID NOT APPEAR AT ALL.
  11. 11. 10. DUTY: SOMETHING THAT YOU HAVE TO DO BECAUSE IT IS PART OF YOUR JOB, OR SOMETHING THAT YOU FEEL IS THE RIGHT THING TO DO, TO HAVE TO DO SOMETHING BECAUSE IT IS YOUR DUTY. E.G: WE AS STUDENTS IS OUR DUTY IS TO ACCOMPLISH WITH THE TASKS AND ASSESSMENT THAT TEACHERS GAVE US.
  12. 12. 11. ENCLOSE: TO SURROUND SOMETHING. E.G.: AT THIS TIME THE NEXT YEAR MY HOUSE WILL HAVE BEEN ENCLOSED BY HUGE BUILDINGS.
  13. 13. 12. FAINT: NOT STRONG OR CLEAR; SLIGHT, USED TO EMPHASIZE THAT YOU DO NOT KNOW SOMETHING. E.G.: I FELT FAINT WHEN MY MOTHER TOLD ME ABOUT MY COUSIN’S ACCIDENT LAST NIGHT.
  14. 14. 13. FAKE: AN OBJECT THAT IS MADE TO LOOK REAL OR VALUABLE IN ORDER TO DECEIVE PEOPLE, SOMEONE WHO IS NOT WHAT OR WHO THEY SAY THEY ARE. E.G.: IN EVERY SOAP OPERA THERE IS A FAKE FAIRY, THAT EVERYONE LOVE FOR HER APPEARANCE.
  15. 15. 14. FEE: AN AMOUNT OF MONEY PAID FOR A PARTICULAR PIECE OF WORK FOR A PARTICULAR RIGHT OR SERVICE. E.G.: TO BE IN THIS SPECIAL SPEECH WE SHOULD PAID A HIGH FEE BUT BY THE WAY IT DESERVES TO BE PAID THAT AMOUNT OF MONEY.
  16. 16. 15. FREAKISH: VERY UNUSUAL OR UNESPECTED, ESPECIALLY IN AN UNPLEASANT OR STRANGE WAY. E.G.: LAST HORROR MOVIE THAT I SAW WAS FREAKISH, THERE WERE NONSENSE SCENES AND THERE WAS TOO MUCH BLOOD.
  17. 17. 16. GIG: A SINGLE PERFORMANCE BY A MUSICIAN OR GROUP OF MUSICIAN, ESPECIALLY PLAYING MODERN OR POP MUSIC. E.G.: LAST 2NE1 GIG WAS IN SINGAPORE AND IT WAS ONE OF THE MOST WONDERFUL CONCERTS, I HAVE EVER SEEN
  18. 18. 17. GLOW: TO PRODUCE A CONTINUOUS LIGHT AND SOMETIMES HEAT, TO LOOK ATTRACTIVE BECAUSE YOU ARE HAPPY OR HEALTHY, ESPECIALLY WITH EYES THAT ARE SHINING, TO BE HOT OR RED FROM EXERCISING. E.G.: AFTER HAVING HER SURGERY SHE HAS A SPECIAL GLOW, SHE SEEMS NOT TO BE SICK EVER.
  19. 19. 18.HICCUPPING: TO MAKE A HICCUP. E.G.: EVERY TIME THAT MY BROTHER LAUGHS A LOT HE TENDS TO BE HICCUPPING DURING A LOT OF TIME BECAUSE HE CANNOT STOP AND THE AIR STARTS TO BE REDUCES IN HIS LUNGS.
  20. 20. 19. JUNCTION: A PLACE WHERE THINGS, ESPECIALLY ROADS OR RAILWAYS, COME TOGETHER E.G.: WHEN YOU TAKE A TRAIN THE TRIP IS LONG AND SOMETIMES YOU HAVE TO CHANGE YOUR WAY IN A JUNCTION BECAUSE IT CAN GET YOU TO OTHER SIDE.
  21. 21. LOOKOUT: A PERSON WHO WATCHES FOR DANGER, A HIGH PLACE WHERE A PERSON CAN LOOK AT WHAT IS HAPPENING IN THE AREA AROUND THEM, ESPECIALLY IN ORDER TO WATCH FOR ANY DANGER, A HIGH PLACE WHERE A PERSON CAN LOOK AT WHAT IS HAPPENING IN THE AREA AROUND THEM, ESPECIALLY IN ORDER TO WATCH FOR ANY DANGER. E.G.: MANY LOOKOUTS HAD DIED IN WARS BECAUSE THEY ARE THE ONE WHO ALERT THE OTHER TO BE PREPARING BEFORE AN ATTACK.
  22. 22. 21. MEDDLING: TO TRY TO CHANGE OR HAVE AN INFLUENCE ON THINGS THAT ARE NOT YOUR RESPONSIBILITY, ESPECIALLY BY CRITICIZING IN A DAMAGING OR ANNOYING WAY. E.G.: THE CONFERENCE WAS HELD AT THE PAIRS HOTEL AND WE HAD TO MEDDLE IT BECAUSE THE SOUND SYSTEM DOES NOT WORK AS WE EXPECTED.
  23. 23. 22. MUGGED: TO ATTACK A PERSON IN A PUBLIC PLACE AND STEAL THEIR MONEY. E.G.: IN OUR LAST TRIP TO QUITE SOMEONE MUGGED MY PURSE AND I HAD TO ASK FOR HELP BECAUSE I DID NOT HAVE MORE MONEY.
  24. 24. 23. PANE: A FLAT PIECE OF GLASS, USED IN A WINDOW OR DOOR. E.G.: THE ARCHITECTS HAD BOUGHT SOME PANES BUT WHEN THEY ARRIVED THOSE WERE BROKEN BY A BASEBALL BALL.
  25. 25. 24. PEAK: THE HIGHEST, STRONGEST OR BEST POINT, VALUE OR LEVEL OF SKILL. E.G.: I HAVE NEVER BEEN AT THE PEAK OF NAMSAN TOWEL IN SEOUL BECAUSE THERE WAS A BAD CLIMATE SO WE HAD TO GO HOME EARLY.
  26. 26. 25. PORTHOLE: A SMALL, USUALLY ROUND WINDOW THE SIDE OF A SHIP OR AIRCRAFT. E.G.: WE WERE AT THE PORTHOLE WHEN THE WHILE APPEARED IN FRONT OF US AS A MIRACLE.
  27. 27. 26. POWDER: A SOLID SUBSTANCE THAT CONSISTS OF EXTREMELY SMALL PIECES, IS SOFT AND EASY TO DIVIDE, AND OFTEN HAS THE SAME SHAPE AS THE CONTAINER THAT IT IS IN, A SOFT, DRY SUBSTANCE THAT IS SPREAD OVER THE SKIN OF THE FACE, IN ORDER TO STOP THE SKIN FROM LOOKING SHINY. E.G.: DARA HAS TO USE A LOT OF POWDER ON HER CHEEKS BEFORE THE PRESENTATION BECAUSE SHE HAD FEVER IN THE MORNING.
  28. 28. 27. RANGE: A SET OF SIMILAR THINGS, THE GOODS MADE BY ONE COMPANY OR GOODS OF ONE PARTICULAR TYPE THAT ARE SOLD IN A SHOP, A GROUP OF HILLS OR MOUNTAINS. E.G.: THE TAILOR SHOWED ME A RANGE OF COLORS TO MAKE MY DRESS BUT AT THE END I CHOSE BLACK AS AT THE BEGINNING.
  29. 29. 28. REDDISH: SLIGHTLY RED IN COLOUR. E.G.: I DON’T KNOW WHICH COLOR IS THIS DRESS BUT I THINK IT COULD BE REDDISH.
  30. 30. 29. ROTTEN: DECAYED, VERY BAD E.G.: THE BUDGET FOR THIS YEAR IS ROTTEN BECAUSE WE LOST OF THE INVERSION FROM USA.
  31. 31. 30. SCRAP: TO NOT CONTINUE WITH A SYSTEM OR PLAN, TO GET RID OF SOMETHING THAT IS NO LONGER USEFUL OR WANTED, OFTEN USING ITS PARTS IN NEW WAYS. E.G.: AFTER THE FIRST COMPETITION, WE HAD TO SCRAP WITH THE PLAN, IT DID NOT AT ALL.
  32. 32. 31. SCREW: A THIN, POINTED PIECE OF METAL WITH A RAISED EDGE TWISTING ROUND ALONG ITS LENGTH AND A FLAT TOP WITH A CUT IN IT, USED TO JOIN THINGS TOGETHER,ESPECIALLY PIECES OF WOOD. E.G.: WE FALL DOWN FROM THE CHAIR AND I REALIZED THAT THERE WERE MISSING A SCREW.
  33. 33. 32. SHOELACE: A THIN STRING OR STRIP OF LEATHER USED TO FASTEN SHOES. E.G.: A FAMOUS ECUADORIAN FOOTBALLER LOST HIS SHOE BECAUSE HE FORGOT TO TIE ITS SHOELACE.
  34. 34. 33. SNIGGER: TO LAUGH AT SOMEONE OR SOMETHING IN A SILLY AND OFTEN UNKIND WAY. E.G.: ERIK STARTED ACTING LIKE A LITTLE KID AND HE CRIED A LOT BUT HE STOPPED WHEN HE LOOKED AT ME WHEN I SNIGGERED AT HIM.
  35. 35. 34. SOAK: TO MAKE SOMETHING VERY WET, OR (OF LIQUID) TO BE ABSORBED IN LARGE AMOUNTS. E.G.: WE BECOME SOAKING AFTER THAT UNWANTED RAIN IN THIS DAY.
  36. 36. 35. SPURT: TO (CAUSE TO) FLOW OUT SUDDENLY AND WITH FORCE, IN A FAST STREAM. E.G.: SOME MEN WENT OUT OF A BANK AND THEIR CAR SPURTED BUT UNFORTUNATELY THE CRASH WITH A TREE AFTER 4 METERS.
  37. 37. 36- STAMINA: THE PHYSICAL AND/OR MENTAL STRENGTH TO DO SOMETHING THAT MIGHT BE DIFFICULT AND WILL TAKE A LONG TIME. E.G.: I AM NOT GOOD AT SPORTS BUT I HAD TO BE VERY STAMINA IN ORDER TO APPROVE THAT SUBJECT.
  38. 38. 37. STIR: TO MIX A LIQUID OR OTHER SUBSTANCE BY MOVING AN OBJECT SUCH AS A SPOON IN A CIRCULAR PATTERN. E.G.: I ASKED FOR A CAPPUCCINO BUT THERE WAS MISSING SOME SUGAR SO I HAD TO STIR FOR A LONG TIME.
  39. 39. 38. STRANGLE: TO KILL SOMEONE BY PRESSING THEIR THROAT SO THAT THEY CANNOT BREATHE, TO STOP SOMETHING FROM DEVELPING. E.G.: IN A FAKE FIGHT THERE WERE TWO PEOPLE STRANGLED ONE TO EACH OTHER BUT I WAS SCARED IT SEEMS TO BE REAL.
  40. 40. 39. SWEEPS: TO CLEAN ESPECIALLY A FLOOR BY USING A BRUSH TO COLLECT THE DIRT INTO ONE PLACE FROM WHICH IT CAN BE REMOVED. E.G.: AT THE END OF EACH PARTY IN MY HOUSE I HAVE TO SWEEP EVERY ROOM TO BE FINE WITH MY MOM.
  41. 41. 40. SWIVEL: TO (CAUSE TO) TURN ROUND A CENTRAL POINT IN ORDER TO FACE IN ANOTHER DIRECTION. E.G.: WE SHOULD SWIVEL THE PROJECTOR BECAUSE THE PEOPLE COULD NOT WATCH THE MOVIE APPROPRIATE.
  42. 42. 41.THATCHED: TO MAKE A ROOF FOR A BUILDING WITH STRAW OR REEDS. E.G.: PEOPLE WHO USED TO BUILD HOUSES IN THE PAST THEY HAD TO THATCH THE ROOF TO HAD A NICE HOUSE.
  43. 43. 42. THICK: HAVING A LARGE DISTANCE BETWEEN TWOSIDES. E.G.: THAT FABRIC HAS 5 CENTIMETERS OF THICK, WHICH WAS VERY HEAVY AND WARM.
  44. 44. 43. TIGHT: (HELD OR KEPT TOGETHER) FIRMLY OR CLOSELY. E.G.: I FOUND 20 FLOWER ON THE FLOOR SO I TIGHT THEN IN A BOUQUET FOR MY ROOM.
  45. 45. 44. TACKLE: TO TRY TO DEAL WITH SOMETHING OR SOMEONE. E.G.: WHEN A FOOTBALLER TACKLES OTHER PEOPLE FEEL EXCITED TO WATCH THE GAME AND KNOW
  46. 46. 45- TREACHERY: BEHAVIOR THAT DECEIVES OR IS NOT LOYAL TO SOMEONE WHO TRUSTS YOU. E.G.: JUDAS MADE A TREACHERY TO JESUS IN THE LAST SUPPER BECAUSE HE SOLD HIM FOR FEW COINS.
  47. 47. 46- TUFT: A NUMBER OF SHORT PIECES OF HAIR, GRASS, ETC. THAT GROW CLOSELY TOGETHER OR ARE HELD TOGETHER NEAR THE BASE. E.G.: I REALLY WANT TO DYE A TUFT OF MY HAIR INTO BLUE OR PINK BUT I AM NOT SURE ENOUGH.
  48. 48. 47. WAGES: TO FIGHT A WAR OR ORGANIZE A SERIES OF ACTIVITIES IN ORDER TO ACHIEVE SOMETHING. E.G.: THE SECOND WORLD WAR WAS WAGED BY GERMANY BUT AT THE END THEY LOST IT.
  49. 49. 48. WEEP: TO CRY TEARS. E.G.: AT THE END OF THE LAST DRAMA THAT I SAW, I WEEP A LOT BECAUSE A MAN WHO CAME FROM THE START CANNOT LIVE HER LOVE IN THE EARTH.
  50. 50. 49. WINCH: A MACHINE THAT LIFTS HEAVY OBJECTS BY TURNING A CHAIN OR ROPE AROUND A TUBE-SHAPED DEVICE. E.G.: ALL CARS THAT ARE PARKING WRONG, THEY HAVE TO BE WARN OF THE WINCH BECAUSE IT IS GOING TO TAKES THEM IN ANY MOMENT.
  51. 51. 50. WRINKLE: A SMALL LINE IN THE SKIN CAUSED BY OLD AGE, A SMALL LINE OR FOLD IN CLOTH. E.G.: ASIAN PEOPLE HAVE SOME WRINKLE AROUND THEIR EYES WHEN THEY SMILE.
  52. 52. • ENCARTA DICCTIONARY

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