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1
Minabe-Tanabe Ume System
The Joint Meeting of the Steering and Scientific Committee
14-15 2015 in FAO, Rome Italy
Yoshin...
Location
Kii Peninsula
Tokyo
Kyoto
Pacific Ocean
Japan
Minabe-Tanabe
Site
Wakayama Prefecture
2
Wakayama
Minabe-Tanabe Site
Land area according to land use
The Site Data
Surface Area:
256.7 ㎢
Population:
79,563
3
(2010)
20%
Far...
Ume
(Prunus mume, Japanese apricot)
Global Importance
Ume, a crop of worldwide significance
Umeboshi
(Pickled Ume)
Sun dry...
5
Functionality of Ume
Processing
Various of ume products
Umeshu liqueur
Ume jam
Ume juice
.etc
Health Food “Ume”
Preventi...
Rice paddies and
other fields
6
Global Importance
"Circulation" in Minabe-Tanabe Ume System
Rain
Honneybees Pollination
Wa...
1. Food and Livelihood Security
Farmers’ market featuring a more variety of agricultural produce
Ume
Farmer
3,343(96%)
Ume...
Coppice forest
Wintering
ground for
honeybees
A gora, a traditional beehive unique to the
site, which is made by hollowing...
Irrigation pond
Rain
Coppice forest
Ume orchard
Diverse agricultural products
Bio-
diversity
Bio-
diversity
Bio-
diversity...
Sod culture
Innovative use of heavily sloped satoyama
10
3. Knowledge Systems and Adapted technologies
Net
Ume
Ume Orchard...
Removal of charcoal
from the kiln
Kishubinchotan
charcoalCoppice forest
Thick
trunks
are cut
Thin
trunks
are left
Selectiv...
Festival of offering ume to
the shrine
Traditional lion dance
Dedicated to thank for harvest
Ume rice
Handing-down of trad...
5. Remarkable Landscapes,
Land and Water Resources Management Features
13
Threats and Challenges
Population and number of farming families
in the Minabe-Tanabe area
Amount of Umeboshi purchased, a...
15
Minabe-Tanabe Ume System
Outline of GIAHS Action Plan
Ⅰ. Promoting ume and charcoal production and expanding sales
chan...
16
1. Food and livelihood
security
2. Biodiversity and
ecosystem function
3. Knowledge systems
and adapted technologies
4....
17
Farming experience of students and Urban-rural exchanges
Inheritance of traditional technology and culture
Nurturing Su...
Fostering local power bonds by ume system
18
Thank you
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Minabe-Tanabe Ume System

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http://www.fao.org/giahs/en/

This presentation was presented during the Joint Meeting of Steering and Scientific Commitee that took place at FAO headquarters 14-15 December 2016. The presentation was made by Mr. Yoshinobu Nisaka, Governor of Wakayama Prefecture, Japan

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Minabe-Tanabe Ume System

  1. 1. 1 Minabe-Tanabe Ume System The Joint Meeting of the Steering and Scientific Committee 14-15 2015 in FAO, Rome Italy Yoshinobu Nisaka Governor of Wakayama Prefecture
  2. 2. Location Kii Peninsula Tokyo Kyoto Pacific Ocean Japan Minabe-Tanabe Site Wakayama Prefecture 2 Wakayama
  3. 3. Minabe-Tanabe Site Land area according to land use The Site Data Surface Area: 256.7 ㎢ Population: 79,563 3 (2010) 20% Farmland Othes 18% 62% Forests
  4. 4. Ume (Prunus mume, Japanese apricot) Global Importance Ume, a crop of worldwide significance Umeboshi (Pickled Ume) Sun dryingPicklingUme UmeboshiDesalting Flavoring Processing A unique Japanese processed food, Umeboshi 4 Ume: Daily Japanese side dish
  5. 5. 5 Functionality of Ume Processing Various of ume products Umeshu liqueur Ume jam Ume juice .etc Health Food “Ume” Prevention of food poisoning Recovery from fatigue Purification of the blood Prevention of osteoporosis Prevention of hardening the arteries Prevention of hypertension Prevention of diabetes Prevention of stomach cancer Prevention of the transmission of influenza Ume Ume dressing
  6. 6. Rice paddies and other fields 6 Global Importance "Circulation" in Minabe-Tanabe Ume System Rain Honneybees Pollination Watershed conservation Slope cpllapse prevention Charcoal-making Ume production Coppice forest Ume orchard Water and nutrients Satoyama Lowland Satoyama ・Kishubinchotan charcoal production ・Sustainable coppice forest management Diverse agricultural products Regenerating coppice forests Grasses on the slope ・Preventing soil runoff. ・Retain soil moisture ・Replenishment of organic matter Irrigation pond Sod culture ・Innovative use of heavily sloped satoyama ・Diverse genetic resources and nurturing of varieties ・Outstanding traditional techniques
  7. 7. 1. Food and Livelihood Security Farmers’ market featuring a more variety of agricultural produce Ume Farmer 3,343(96%) Ume farming families Japan’s ume production by prefecture 7 t (Store by farmers) Number of farming families t (t,2012) (2010)
  8. 8. Coppice forest Wintering ground for honeybees A gora, a traditional beehive unique to the site, which is made by hollowing out a log, capitalizing on the Japanese honeybee’s habit of building nests in tree hollows. Nectar source Ume blossoms and Japanese honeybee 2. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function Mutualism of ume trees and honeybees 8 Pollination Ubame oaks (Quercus phillyraeoides) Castanopsis spp Prunus jamasakura etc Traditional form of beekeeping Ume orchard Nectar source Habitat
  9. 9. Irrigation pond Rain Coppice forest Ume orchard Diverse agricultural products Bio- diversity Bio- diversity Bio- diversity 9 Biodiversity and Ecosystems Conserved by Multiple Land Uses 2. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function Diverse ume genetic resources Hynobius nebulosus Cynops pyrrhogaster Asiagomphus melaenops Citrus tachibana Lilium japonicum Clematis terniflora .etc etc
  10. 10. Sod culture Innovative use of heavily sloped satoyama 10 3. Knowledge Systems and Adapted technologies Net Ume Ume Orchard Coppice Forest Method of Harvesting by net Grown grasses on the slope Prevent drying and runoff of the soil Cut and use Fertilizer for the ume trees
  11. 11. Removal of charcoal from the kiln Kishubinchotan charcoalCoppice forest Thick trunks are cut Thin trunks are left Selective cutting cut Coppice forest management 11 3. Knowledge Systems and Adapted Technologies Ubame oaks (Quercus phillyraeoides)
  12. 12. Festival of offering ume to the shrine Traditional lion dance Dedicated to thank for harvest Ume rice Handing-down of traditional cuisine using ume 4. Cultures, Value Systems and Social Organizations 12 Ceremony to appreciation the pioneer of ume cultivation
  13. 13. 5. Remarkable Landscapes, Land and Water Resources Management Features 13
  14. 14. Threats and Challenges Population and number of farming families in the Minabe-Tanabe area Amount of Umeboshi purchased, and purchase value per Japanese household 14 1. Fewer farming families and advancing age 2. Declining ume consumption 3. Coppice forest management techniques being lost
  15. 15. 15 Minabe-Tanabe Ume System Outline of GIAHS Action Plan Ⅰ. Promoting ume and charcoal production and expanding sales channels 1. Improving ume productivity and nurturing successors. 2. Adding value to ume 3. Sustainable charcoal production and nurturing human resources Ⅱ. Preserving biodiversity and local landscapes 1. Preserving the biodiversity of ume orchards 2. Initiatives to eliminate abandoned farmland and preserve local landscapes Ⅲ. Passing on traditional techniques and culture 1. Passing on traditional techniques 2. Nurturing cultural stewards Ⅳ. Generating synergy domestically and internationally 1. Disseminating information on local industry through urban-rural exchanges 2. Contributing to society both domestically and overseas through local industries
  16. 16. 16 1. Food and livelihood security 2. Biodiversity and ecosystem function 3. Knowledge systems and adapted technologies 4. Cultures, value systems and social organizations 5. Remarkable landscapes, land and water resources management features Conserve honeybees .etc Pass on ume production technique .etc Pass on ume cuisine .etc Cooperative farmland conservation .etc GIAHS Action Plan for 5 Key Criteria Promoting ume production and expandung sales channels .etc.
  17. 17. 17 Farming experience of students and Urban-rural exchanges Inheritance of traditional technology and culture Nurturing Successors Inheritance of traditional culture Excahange of people between urban rural areas Field class in ume cultivation technique at highschool. Farming experience by students
  18. 18. Fostering local power bonds by ume system 18 Thank you

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