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Sum - up on Theme 2: Practices and Policy in action to address soil erosion

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Sum - up on Theme 2: Practices and Policy in action to address soil erosion

  1. 1. Theme 2: Policy and practices to address soil erosion Megan Balks, Gary Pierzynski, et al. 1
  2. 2. Contributions to working document (alphabetical order) • Balks, Megan (Team Leader, ITPS) • Chabala, Lydia (ITPS) • Garcia Préchac, Fernando (ITPS) • Kapović Solomun, Marijana (SPI-UNCCD) • Kust, German (SPI-UNCCD) • Lefevre Clara ( GSP – FAO) • Panagos, Panos (JRC-EU) • Pierzynski, Gary (ITPS) • Poch, Rosa (ITPS) • PLUS…….. Symposium participants. 2
  3. 3. 3 Theme 2: Key questions related to erosion prevention, remediation or mitigation 2.Which policies have proven effective? 3. What are the current policy challenges? opportunities? 4. What new policies could be introduced? 1. Which measures have proven effective? 5. What are the most useful means of converting policies into practical action?
  4. 4. Key points from presentations 4 • Global problem – local solutions - no one size fits all – has to be local input into choice of suitable practices and implementation.
  5. 5. Key points from presentations •“If you want to stop soil erosion and save our future talk to farmers” (Alfred Grand). Actions have to be taken by people on the ground at local levels…. It is critical that scientists and policy makers understand the realities for farmers, appreciate their concerns, and utilise the local knowledge of farmers. 5
  6. 6. Key points from presentations 6 • Many well established, effective methods to prevent, remediate, or mitigate soil erosion – implementation is the issue • Soil amendments: biochar, zeolite, urban waste, composts, microorganisms. • Practices: infiltration trenches, subsoiling ridges, tree plantings, synergistic agriculture, contour furrows, cover crops, perennial crops, crop residue management, contouring, terraces, strip cropping
  7. 7. Key points from presentations 7 • Few big runoff events produce >50% of soil loss. Need to design practices for these intense events • Involve farmers in selection of practices and keep the practices and training as simple as possible. • Low cost changes that give quick returns for farmers will be most effective – Policy makers need to be aware of this (Lindsay Stringer).
  8. 8. Key points from presentations What existing policies are being effectively used? • Good News – lots of examples of policies and laws that are in place and are making a difference • EU has effective policies implemented – motivated by subsidies. Seeing benefits (Panos Panagos et al.). • Uruguay – All farms have 5-8 yr soil use and management plan – provides means for implementation – enforcement via fines. (Enzo Benech, Fernando Garcia-Prechac). 8
  9. 9. Key points from policy presentations What existing policies are being effectively used? • China – forestation measures on loess plateau started 1949 – big success in reducing erosion, less sediment in yellow river BUT less water to river and groundwater. • Korea – sophisticated data base, web-based environmental quality incentive programme (Jae Yang). 9
  10. 10. Policy general comments • Big erosion reduction with combination of incentives and enforcement e.g. Brazil, Switzerland, Belgium, et al., based on farm plans, erosion maps, satellite data. • Motivation, resilience, stewardship – bottom up motivate and empower farmers, demonstrate success to then get political buy in (Aad Kessler, William Blake). • Top down or bottom up? Need both • Catchment or farm scale? Need both 10
  11. 11. Key points from policy presentations • Liaison between Govt. departments – beware policies from one dept. conflicting with another. (Lindsay Stringer). • Holistic approach – beware of unforeseen negative problems - solve one problem but create another. • Tenure security has to come before SLM (David Betge) • Global problem – local solutions - no one size fits all – has to be local input into development of policy and implementation. 11
  12. 12. 12 Action Plan Outcome 1. Collection and evaluation of effective policies/methods for erosion control •How? Investigate working with WOCAT to use existing information and build on/contribute to existing database. •Who? FAO, ITPS, all interested parties •When? ASAP – 1 year plus ongoing.
  13. 13. 13 Action Plan Outcome 2. Provide data on existing laws, policies, and strategies related to soil erosion. How? Global survey using national focal points, Compile and analyse results to report on key and effective policies. Who? FAO GSP, ITPS plus working group When? 1 year
  14. 14. 14 Action Plan Outcome 3. Analyze major gaps on the development and implementation of soil erosion control policies at global, regional, and national levels. How? Evaluate data from steps 1 and 2 Who? FAO GSP, ITPS plus working group When? 1 year
  15. 15. 15 Action Plan:Outcome 4. Translate the information into action Top down: Policy briefs/information papers for government officials Push to get soil on Government agenda Publications and promotion of access to information Bottom up: participatory programmes to assist local action. Educational tools.
  16. 16. 17 Introduction to Theme 2 discussion sessions • Where to from here? • Megan and Gary to Summarise key points from talks and posters • Discussion session 1 – Key Questions – what do we know about each? • Discussion session 2 – Outcomes – Can we agree on the outcomes? If not then what outcomes can FAO realistically do? Opportunity to propose actions to achieve key outcomes • Discussion session 3 – Action plan to achieve agreed outcomes. Time line, and id members for working group(s). – Everyone together
  17. 17. Are the outcomes the most useful ones that we can do? If not then what can FAO do to promote erosion prevention, remediation and mitigation? Next: Action plan – how do we convert the outcomes into actions that will make a difference on the ground???? 18
  18. 18. 19 Theme 2, Discussion 2: Expected Outcomes Your opportunity to propose actions to achieve key outcomes Outcome 1: Build a database on best erosion control practices in regional contexts. Outcome 2: Provide data on existing laws and policies related to soil erosion. Outcome 3: ID major gaps in the development and implementation of soil erosion control policies at global, regional and national levels. Outcome 4: Translate the information into action on the ground
  19. 19. 21 ….Required action continued 2. Analysis of major gaps regarding development and implementation of soil erosion control policies at various levels: • Discussions during the symposium, an overview of gaps in erosion control under varying conditions to be discussed. • Plan of action will be developed to be presented at the 14th meeting of the Conference of parties to the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD COP 14, India 7 – 18 October 2019) • Scientific document (paper/book) to be prepared.
  20. 20. 22 ….Required action continued 3. Database on the best erosion practices • Participants at the GSER will have opportunity to discuss best practices for erosion control. • Some of the data will feed into the database on best erosion control practices. • Identification of best practices to minimize erosion and provide regional situational analysis with policy briefs as outputs.
  21. 21. Plan of action 23 Questionnaire to assess legal instruments and management practices Regional situation analysis Documentation for awareness raising of needed legal instruments and practices in regional context Implementation through training, workshops in collaboration with regional soil partnership Development of legal instruments and application of adapted practices
  22. 22. 24 • Review the policies focused on soil erosion prevention and remediation, including successes, gaps and opportunities for implementation of VGSSM to achieve SDGs • Methods and practices in action to address soil erosion Theme 2 of the symposium will focus on two aspects
  23. 23. 25 Core Questions ??????? Which measures have proven effective to prevent, remedy or mitigate soil erosion? Which policies are currently being implemented to enhance erosion prevention, remediation, or mitigation? What policies could be introduced to effectively implement soil erosion prevention, remediation, or mitigation? What are the most useful means to convert erosion prevention, remediation, or mitigation policies into practical action?

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