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The State of Food and Agriculture 2017

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The State of Food and Agriculture 2017.
‘Leaving no one behind’ - How investing in rural‑urban areas is key to ending hunger and poverty. #ZeroHunger

Since the 1990s, rural transformations in many countries have helped millions escape poverty. But population growth, increasing urbanization, modern technologies, and climate change are transforming the world we live in, and food systems are evolving rapidly in response. Change is happening at a fast pace – and the question is: which direction are these transformations taking? Are they benefitting the poor and the food insecure? And will the food systems of the future be able to feed and employ the millions of young people poised to enter labour markets in the developing world?

The State of Food and Agriculture 2017 sets out a vision for inclusive rural transformation through a territorial approach. It also explores the catalytic role of rural towns and secondary cities in boosting the rural economy, and analyses how strengthening linkages between rural and urban economies will be crucial to achieve development goals and secure decent livelihoods for all.

© FAO: http://www.fao.org

Publicado en: Educación
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The State of Food and Agriculture 2017

  1. 1. Fulfilling the 2030 Agenda depends crucially on progress in rural areas 1 / 11  In adopting the 2030 Agenda the international community committed itself to eradicating hunger and poverty.  Fulfilling this agenda is already facing important challenges:  Hunger is on the rise again!  A more densely populated world needs to be fed and employed.  Most of the poor and hungry live in rural areas; more efforts are needed to transform economies in these areas.  This report identifies opportunities to achieve the progress required in rural areas through inclusive transformation.
  2. 2. What we learn from successful transformations  Agricultural productivity growth.  Shift of people and resources from agriculture towards manufacturing, industry and services.  Massive increases in per capita income.  Steep reductions in poverty and hunger. 2 / 11
  3. 3. 3 / 11 Theevolution of rural and urban poor as share of total population
  4. 4. Change is occurring in laggard transformers  Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia witness important changes:  Decreasing proportion of the population employed in agriculture.  People moving into low skilled informal service jobs.  Job creation limited, often not a path out of poverty.  Population still growing compared to other regions that have stabilized.  Another change is urbanization and the changes that come with it. 4 / 11
  5. 5. Relationship between consumption of staple foods and incomes in developing countries As incomes increase diets change accordingly 5 / 11
  6. 6. Opportunity is seen in urbanization and dietary changes  The change in size and composition of food demand as a result of urbanization is an opportunity for farmers.  Linking small-scale farmers to these growing domestic markets is fundamental for poverty reduction and making transformations more inclusive.  The link will not come automatically! 6 / 11
  7. 7. Land area per capita of rural population, by region, 1970-2050 Urbanization and demography likely to influence farm sizes differently across countries 7 / 11
  8. 8. Going forward the link is the food system  Food systems can be transformed in ways that reduce poverty and improve food and nutrition security  An agro-territorial approach is critical to balance infrastructure development & policy interventions to transform the system  Particularly relevant in countries with rapid population growth and limited prospects for industrialization to create jobs on-farm and off-farm. 8 / 11
  9. 9. Transformation becomes more inclusive  Agro-territorial approach takes into account the importance of small cities and towns.  Report finds that over half of the global population lives within or around cities and towns of less than 500,000 people.  Yet, in most developing countries, resources are disproportionately allocated to larger cities.  Better connecting rural–urban territories is a strategy for creating on-farm and off-farm jobs, eradicating poverty, and ensuring food and nutrition security. 9 / 11
  10. 10.  There are five commonly used agro-territorial tools. Structuring interventions based on country needs  Agro-territorial investments with different geographic range under different governance models. 10 / 11
  11. 11. Conclusions  Economic growth in rural areas has helped millions escape poverty, and will be critical to ending hunger by 2030.  Urbanization and dietary changes in both rural and urban areas are transforming the food system – creating opportunities and challenges.  There is a need to ensure that this transformation is smooth and provides an opportunity for the 500 million smallholders around the world.  Stronger links between rural areas and small cities and towns can lead to more dynamic growth of economic opportunities in rural areas Report proposes an agro-territorial approach to leverage the changes in food systems as a key ingredient for attaining SDG1 & SDG2 11 / 11

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