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Week 1 contour_lines

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contour

Publicado en: Arte y fotografía
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Week 1 contour_lines

  1. 1. WEEK 1…. Part 2 (Contour Drawing) 1. THE FIVE ESSENTIAL SKILLS FOR DRAWING 2. INTRODUCTION TO LINE/CONTOUR DRAWING 3. DRAWING ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE BRAIN 4. BLIND CONTOUR 5. UPSIDE DOWN DRAWING
  2. 2. • Drawing or representing a three-dimensional object on a two-dimensional surface requires in essence a language translation. • You are translating a three-dimensional form into a language that will be effective on a two- dimensional surface….Drawing paper. Some of you may feel like your drawings are much more successful when you draw from a photograph as a reference. That’s because the three- dimensional form has already been translated for you.
  3. 3. FIVE ESSENTIAL SKILLS FOR DRAWING 1) identify edges, 2) recognize spaces, 3) calculate proportions and angles, 4) judge light from shadow, and 5) the unconscious skill of "pulling it all together".
  4. 4. Week 1_Contour Drawing Three types of contour drawings we will be covering in Drawing 1 1.Blind Contour Drawing 2.Modified Blind Contour Drawing 3.Contour Drawing
  5. 5. What are contours?
  6. 6. What are contours? WHAT IS CONTOUR LINE? A contour is the line which defines a form or edge - an outline. Contour drawing is the place where most beginners start, following the visible edges of a shape. The contour describes the outermost edges of a form, as well as dramatic changes of plane within the form. Put simply, a contour line drawing is an "outline drawing," that uses no shading. A blind contour drawing is done when the artist looks intently at the EDGES of an object, but rarely looks at the paper while the pencil moves. The goal of contour drawing is to make a line that is authentic and true to what you are actually seeing, and to train your hand to copy your eye's movement. There are several different types of contour line drawings:
  7. 7. Lines • All lines fall into either geometric or organic categories, and those can fall into 3 subcategories of: • 1. Descriptive line • 2. Expressive line • 3. Implied Lines
  8. 8. It’s also a type of DESCRIPTIVE LINES • OUTLINE - – An outline is a line that surrounds a shape. – The lines of an outline are usually the same thickness throughout. – Also, only the outer edges of the shapes are defined.
  9. 9. DESCRIPTIVE LINES • CONTOUR LINES- – Also define the outer edges of shapes. – Unlike outlines, however, contour lines vary in thickness and darkness. – They also define the edges of shapes within a form. – They give a greater sense of depth to the object.
  10. 10. Blind contour drawing • Blind contour drawing is a method of drawing, in part, popularized by Kimon Nicolaides, in his book The Natural Way to Draw (1941), which presents itself as an effective training aid or discipline. The student, fixing their eyes on the outline of the model or object, draws the contour very slowly in a steady, continuous line without lifting the pencil or looking at the paper. The student may look at the paper to place an internal feature, but once they begin to draw it, they do not glance down, but follows the same procedure as for the outline. A well-done blind contour drawing frequently has sufficient quality and character to be preserved as a work of art. • The practice is still commonly taught today in both high school and college art courses.
  11. 11. Week 1_Contour Drawing Three types of contour drawings we will be covering in Drawing 1 1) Blind Contour Drawing-continuous line, never looking at the paper 2) Modified Blind Contour Drawing-80 percent looking at the object, 20 percent looking at object 3) Contour drawing-without regulation, but should be similar to Modified
  12. 12. Why Why Why would you make me draw without looking?!?!?!
  13. 13. Shear Beauty???
  14. 14. Why Why Why would you make me draw without looking?!?!?!
  15. 15. Can you see in the still-life here on the table that the orange is in front of the vase?” “Yes,” replied the student, “I see that.” “Well,” I said, “in your drawing, you have the orange and the vase occupying the same space.” The student answered, “Yes, I know. I didn’t know how to draw that.” “Well,” I would say carefully, you look at the still-life and you draw it as you see it.” “I was looking at it,” the student replied. “I just didn’t know how to draw that.” “Well,” I would say, voice rising, “you just look at it . . . ” The response would come, “I am looking at it”. . . – Betty Edwards, Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain
  16. 16. Every art teacher can likely identify with the kind of frustration Betty Edwards experienced when she taught at Venice High School in Southern California in the 1960s. Many of her art students had a very difficult time reproducing familiar, everyday objects. On the other hand, she found that when they were unfamiliar with what they were drawing (as when they were copying an upside-down line drawing), their reproductions improved considerably. Edwards was puzzled by this discrepancy until the neurophysiologist Roger Sperry began publishing his findings on functional differences between the left and right hemispheres of the human brain in 1968. Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain Galvanized by these new studies, Edwards reconsidered the way she taught drawing, eventually writing a book of intriguing exercises ranging from upside- down drawing to using a plastic sheet to accurately trace 3-D objects onto a 2-D surface. In 1979, the revolutionary book Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain was first published.
  17. 17. Drawing and Brain Hemisphere Laterality Two primary themes are evident in Edwards’ book. First, she does not teach the students how to draw but, rather, how to see. This is necessary because, as Edwards realized, the difference between a realistic drawing and a childlike one is not one of motor coordination, but of how the artist processes visual information. Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain
  18. 18. To explain her theory on why so many people have a difficult time drawing, Edwards cites the popular belief, inspired by Sperry’s early work, that “the human brain uses two fundamentally different modes of thinking, one verbal, analytic, and sequential and one visual, perceptual, and simultaneous. . .” Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain
  19. 19. According to this theory, the left hemisphere of the brain is essentially verbal and analytic and the right is visual and perceptual (“L-mode” and “R-mode,” to Edwards). The key to drawing well, Edwards explains, is the ability to access the R-mode at a conscious level, to liberate it from the dominant L-mode. In R- mode, you are freed from the symbolic representations of objects developed during childhood (such as seeing an eye as an almond shape with a circle in the middle) that is a hallmark of L-mode. Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain
  20. 20. If you can write you can learn to draw In fact, "drawing skills" don't even require special manual dexterity - that has little or nothing to do with drawing.
  21. 21. Why Why Why would you make me draw without looking?!?!?!
  22. 22. Definition -Blind contour- A drawing process where the eye is trained to follow the contours of what is being drawn, looking only at the subject, not at the paper. In this process, the hand moves the drawing tool in synchronization with the movements of the eye.
  23. 23. Applied to drawing, these skills specifically become the ability to: 1) identify edges, 2) recognize spaces, 3) calculate proportions and angles, 4) judge light from shadow, and 5) the unconscious skill of "pulling it all together".
  24. 24. Week 1_Contour Drawing Three types of contour drawings we will be covering in Drawing 1 1.Blind Contour Drawing-looking only at the object you are drawing and not at the paper 2.Modified Blind Contour Drawing-looking at the paper 20 percent of the time or less 3.Contour Drawing-option to look at paper any time, but with careful observation of subject.
  25. 25. 1. Blind contour of the still life in the center of the room on 18x24 2. Complete the upside down drawing as shown in the video 3. Blind contour drawing of your hand 4. Modified blind contour of a plant, your hand, a pair of shoes.
  26. 26. MASTER WORK

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