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Semantic annotation of digital libraries. A model for science communication

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Conferenza Knowledge Triangle, Università di Pisa, 23-24 maggio 3013.

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Semantic annotation of digital libraries. A model for science communication

  1. 1. Semantic annotation of Digital Libraries a model of science communication Francesca Di Donato SNS - ERC This presentation is released under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Knowledge Triangle New formulas for science communication Pisa, May 23-24 2013
  2. 2. A new way of carrying out research How we produce scientific results How we store data and results How we disseminate them What we can do with How they are evaluated
  3. 3. An example as a model EUROCORR Project (ERC -AdG , 2010-2014) Critical edition (on paper and digital) of the unpublished correspondence to Jacob Burckhardt (1842-97) Coordinated by Maurizio Ghelardi (SNS, Principal Investigator), the research group involves 5 people (3 humanists, 2 developers, 1 "digital humanist")
  4. 4. EUROCORR goals 1. publish new materials and tools for the study of European culture of the second half of 1800 2. enrich science of new knowledge that will help to answer interesting research questions
  5. 5. A full OA model Access to data (physical layer) Access to data (legal layer) Access to data (technological layer)
  6. 6. Physical layer: manuscripts, transcriptions, metadata, documentation 1. Manuscripts (
  7. 7. 2. Transcriptions (XML-TEI)
  8. 8. The transcription workflow
  9. 9. 3. Metadata
  10. 10. 4. Documentation (soon on a wiki) Transparency of the research process is essential for replicate it 1. Transcription compendium 2. Transcription workflow 3. XML - TEI Schema 4. XML - TEI Schema documentation
  11. 11. Rights on data (sources) and results 1a. Manuscripts of the correspondence to Burckhardt 1b. Burckhardt’s letters (printed edition) (?) 2. Project results
  12. 12. Interoperability: Towards open science 1. Open source platform ( 2. XML-TEI (standard) 3. Linked Open Data (standard)
  13. 13. open science (in pratice) 1. Variations, frequency of relevant terms for author 3. Salutations, dates, other (?) tag clouds 2. B.’s correspondents on a map and a timeline an example: a second one:
  14. 14. Semantic annotation of the DL (
  15. 15. Annotations are linked to the Web of Data Web of Data (RDF) mash-up dbpedia europeana iconclass bibserver Ad hoc vocabs ex. persons, works of art, biblio- graphies
  16. 16. What can we do with annotations? Some example: 1. Network of people discussing about a certain topic 2. Display on a historical map the works of art mentioned in the letters see:
  17. 17. We can do more What about the debate on the same topics in the Republic of Letters?
  18. 18. Other examples 1. Polymath Project (2009) A collaborative space for mathematical research 3. HapMap (2002) The goal of the International HapMap Project is to develop a haplotype map of the human genome which will describe the common patterns of human DNA sequence variation 2. GenBank (1996) Genetic data are immediately shared online
  19. 19. 4. Galaxy Zoo 200.000 volontari collaborano con esperti alla classificazione delle galassie 5. Wikipedia (2000) A collaborative Encyclopedia 6. MAPPA Project (2011-14) Study predictive computational tools applicable to the archaeological potential of an urban area Create the first italian open digital archaeological archive 7. Transcribe Bentham A collaborative transcription project
  20. 20. The open science imperative [M. Nielsen, Le nuove vie della scoperta scientifica, Einaudi, pp. 222-229]
  21. 21. A community of knowledge in a republic of science
  22. 22. change the "traffic direction" of science
  23. 23. how groups can work together to manage the commons (intangible)?
  24. 24. 1. Demanding open science
  25. 25. a) Funding agencies mandate to deposit in OA archives (ex. ERC, FP7, Horizon2020, National Science Foundation) b) Funding agencies mandate to document researchers activities on the Web Create agreement and consensus in the scientific community and make a long-term strategy
  26. 26. 2. Encourage open science
  27. 27. How adopting new ways of sharing can become an imperative for scientists as it is today publishing an article? Science economy is based on reputation Publications: articles/books through journals/ series The citation leads to the assessment, which leads to the reward, which leads to people motivated to contribute to the science in a new way
  28. 28. Include in the evaluation mechanisms citations of data, wikis, comments, etc. Altmetrics
  29. 29. Thank you Credits Maurizio Ghelardi (SNS) Susanne Müller (SNS-ERC) Costanza Giannaccini (SNS- ERC) Alexander auf der Heyde (SNS- ERC) Alessio Piccioli (Net7 Michele Barbera (Net7 Simone Fonda (Net7 Romeo Zitarosa (Net7 See also a video on Pundit and semantic annotation at the LODLAM Challenge 2013