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SOCIETY AND CULTURE WITH FAMILY PLANNING.pptx

27 de Jan de 2023
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SOCIETY AND CULTURE WITH FAMILY PLANNING.pptx

  1. SOCIETY AND CULTURE WITH FAMILY PLANNING
  2. SOCIOLOGY Sociology is the systematic study of human societies, particularly modem, industrialized systems. (Macionis, 2004). At the heart of sociology is a distinctive point of view known as the sociological perspective. The perspective incorporates the use of scientific principles and procedures in the study of patterns of social behavior and on how groups influence individuals and vice versa.
  3. The sociological perspective also involves the use of what C. Wright Mills (1959) called the sociological imagination. For Mills, the sociological imagination is a "quality of mind - a perspective that enables us to see ourselves and the society around us from a distinct sociological point of view.” By this Mills meant that the sociological imagination allows people to comprehend the relation between biography and history. It is an awareness of how events in personal life are often shaped by social forces.
  4. EARLY SOCIOLOGISTS 1. Auguste Comte (1798-1857) - Father of Sociology; coined the term sociology: “socius" (partner), “logos (study); positivism 2. Kail Mane (1818-1883) - class conflict/ struggle 3. Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) - sociaMarwinism/evolution 4. Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) - group forces; social integration 5. Max Weber (1864-1920) - bureaucracy
  5. CULTURE The classic definition of culture is provided by Edward Tylor who describe it as ‘that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man a member of society’ (Kottak, 2011). Enculturation is the process of learning a culture.
  6. 1.Material Culture - refers to the material objects that people create and use. 2.Non-Material Culture - refers to the intangible world of ideas that people create.
  7. CULTURAL CHANGE a. Cultural Lag - time lag between a change or innovation and accomplishment of the social and cultural adjustments. b. Culture changes by invention, innovation, and diffusion. An invention is the development of something totally new, while an innovation is an improvement on something that already exists. Diffusion is the spread of cultural traits, from one to another.
  8. CULTURAL RELATIVISM, ETHNOCENTRISM, AND XENOCENTRISM (KOTTAK, 2011) a. Cultural Relativism - evaluates a culture by Its own standards. b. Ethnocentrism - evaluates another culture by the standards of one's own culture. ’ c. Xenocentrism - refers to preference for foreign things.
  9. FILIPINO SOCIETY AND CULTURE 1. Development of Filipino culture a. Asian b. Western 2. Basic Element of Filipino Society and Culture Kinship group is a system of social relations based on blood, and marriage affinity. 3. Filipino View-of the World (Panopio and Rolda, 1992 Filipinos believe that the universe consists of the upper world (dwelling place of gods and angels) and lower world (dwelling place of humans and environmental spirits). 4. Other Characteristics of Filipino Culture Smooth interpersonal relations (SIR), hiya (shame) utang na loob (reciprocity), bahala na, respect for elders, hospitality, personalistic cyclic time orientation, close family ties, amor propio
  10. SOCIETY refers to interacting individuals sharing a common culture.
  11. SOCIAL STRUCTURE refers to patterns of interaction and networks of relationship in a society. Its elements are as follows: 1. Status - social position of an individual: • Ascribed status - social position assigned to the individual, • Achieved status - social position which an individual assumes and reflects personal ability and effort • Master status - shows a person's social identity and shapes a person’s life
  12. 2. Role - behavior expected of someone who occupies a particular status •Role conflict - conflict between the roles associated with two or more statuses. •Role strain - tension between roles associated with a single status 3. Institution - cluster of norms which perform certain social functions
  13. 4. Group is composed of two or more persons who share a common pattern of social interaction. Generally, a social group regardless of its nature has the following characteristics: • Permanence beyond meetings • means for identifying and controlling members • mechanism for recruiting new members. • goals or purposes • statuses and roles for members
  14. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION - hierarchical system that the society uses to divide people into levels based on wealth, power, and prestige. It exists in all societies and persists across generations although it may differ in form or system of operation.
  15. TYPES OF STRATIFICATION SYSTEM a.Caste system is based on ascription or birth and allows little (or no) social mobility. Example: Indian-system-of castes is composed of four categories: Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra. Below these castes are the Harijans-or outcasts. b. Class system is based on the system of meritocracy and allows social mobility based on individual achievement. For example : industrial and post industrial societies
  16. INSTITUTION pattern of norms associated with major societal goal, value, or need 1. Family is considered the basic unit of society. 2. Economic institution is associated with the organization, distribution and utilization of resources in the society. 3. Political institution deals with allocating and rationalizing the use of power for the common good. 4. Religious institution involves beliefs and practices relative to sacred things. 5. Educational institution is tasked to provide members of society with important knowledge, including job skills and norms and values.
  17. FAMILY PLANNING Family planning is a national mandated priority public health program to attain the country’s national hearth development. It is a health intervention program and an important tool for the improvement of the health and welfare of mothers, children, and other members of the family. The program also provides information and services for couples of reproductive age to plan their family according to their beliefs and circumstances through legally and medically acceptable a family planning methods
  18. BASIC PRINCIPLES a. Responsible Parenthood: each family has the right and duty to determine the desired number of children they might have and when they might have them. Beyond responsible parenthood is responsible parenting which is the proper upbringing and education of children so that they grow up to be upright, productive, and civic-minded citizens. b. Respect for Life: the 1987 Constitution states that the government protects the sanctity of life. ABORTION IS NOT A FAMILY PLANNING METHOD.
  19. c. Birth Spacing: refers to interval between pregnancies, which is ideally three (3) years. It enables women to recover their health, improve their potential to be more productive, and to realize their personal aspirations and allows more time to take care of their children and spouse/husband d. Informed choice upholds and ensures the rights of couples to determine the number and spacing of their children according to their life's aspirations and reminds couples that planning the size of their families has a direct bearing on the quality of their children's and their own lives.
  20. METHODS OF FAMILY PLANNING a. Natural Family Planning (NFP) - refers to methods used to plan or prevent pregnancy, based on identifying the woman’s fertile days. For all natural methods, avoiding unprotected intercourse during the fertile days. For all natural method, avoiding unprotected intercourse during the fertile days is what prevents pregnancy. Natural methods are also known as fertility awareness-based methods. 1. Two-day method - relies on a simple algorithm to help women identify when they are fertile, based on the presence or absence of cervical secretions. 2. Symptoms-based - the three primary signs of a woman’s fertility are her basal body temperature, her cervical mucus, and her cervical position. Computerized fertility monitors may track basal body temperatures, hormonal levels in urine, or changes in electrical resistance of a woman's saliva. From these symptoms, a woman can learn to assess her fertility. . 3. Calendar-based - based on a record of the length of previous menstrual cycles.
  21. 4. Lactational amenorrhea method (LAM) - method of avoiding pregnancy based on the natural postpartum infertility that occurs when a woman is amenorrheic and fully breastfeeding. A strict version of LAM is known as ecological breastfeeding. 5. Withdrawal (Coitus Interrupts) - a contraceptive method that prevents fertilization by preventing the contact between the sperm and egg.
  22. ARTIFICIAL METHODS 1. Oral contraceptives or the Pill - use of synthetic hormones (progesterone and/or estrogen) like those produced by the body to regulate the menstrua! Cycle 2. Male condom - made out of latex (rubber), but polyurethane and tactylon (both plastic) are also available 3. Female condom - a polyurethane (plastic) sheath with an inner ring that fits inside the vagina, around the cervix (like the diaphragm) and an outer ring that covers the outside labia 4. Intrauterine 'device (IUD) - a small plastic device-which is placed in the uterus by a clinician. It is a reversible method of birth control; given only by prescription. 5. Cervical cap - a soft rubber cup like device that is snugly around the base of the cervix. 6. Vasectomy or male sterilization - a surgical procedure that prevents pregnancy by blocking the passage of sperm into the seminal fluid.
  23. Republic Act 10354 - The Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act of 2012 1. Objective A 'legislation that provides universal access to quality reproductive health care services, methods, devices, supplies, and relevant information and education. 2. Key Principles a. Freedom of choice: respect for protection, and fulfillment of reproductive health and rights. b. Right to non-fraudulent information on reproductive health, including family planning. c. Abortion is illegal, and is punishable by law. d. Partnerships are .ideal for enhanced provision of necessary reproductive health services. e. A multi-faceted sustainable development process.
  24. 3. Relevant Sections of the Law a. Hiring of skilled health professionals for maternal health care and skilled birth attendance b. Provision of health care facilities c. Access to family planning d. Review of maternal, fetal and infant death e. Procurement and distribution of family planning supplies f. Introduction of responsible parenthood and family planning component in anti-poverty programs g. Provision of PhilHealth benefits for serious and life threatening reproductive health conditions h. Provision of. mobile health care services i. Provision of age- and development appropriate-reproductive health education j. Mandatory presentation of certificate of compliance k. Capacity building of barangay health workers l. Provision of pro bono services for indigent women m. Provision of sexual and reproductive health programs for Persons with Disabilities
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