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… but not this way
Number Of Cars Worldwide Surpassed
1 Billion in 2010
How did we get here?
Total and Per- Capita Vehicle- Miles Traveled, U.S.
2012 data from U.S. Department of Transportation’s (U.S. DOT) Traffic Volume Trends series of reports; data from previous years from U.S. DOT’s Highway Statistics series of reports.
The total number of miles travelled, increases essentially one-for-one with highway miles built
The Walkable City?
16,000 vehicles per day
1,900 peak hour
0.9 friends, 3.1 acquaintances
8000 vehicles per day
550 peak hour
1.3 friends, 4.1 acquaintances
2,000 ehiclesper day
200 peak hour
3friends, 6.3 acquaintances
Cars Kill Social Relationships
Social Interactions Correlated to Street Traffic
Cars and Robust Cities are Incompatible
Christopher McCahillandNorman Garrick, “Automobileuse and landconsumption: Empiricalevidencefrom12 cities”
Cities with higher rates of driving have fewer people –a difference of more than 4,000 people per square mile for each 10 percent change in automobile use.
Automobile Dependency and Sprawl
Cycle of Automobile Dependency
Disperse Development Patterns
Generous Parking Supply
Increased Vehicle Ownership
Automobile Oriented Transport Planning
Reduced Travel Options
Alternative Modes Stigmatised
Sub-urbanization and degraded Cities
Automobile Oriented Land Planning
Victoria Transport Policy Institute, “Evaluating Transportation Land Use Impacts”
While it is conventional to point out that the world’s population is urbanizing, the world is primarily suburbanizing.
VishaanChakrabarti, "A Country of Cities"
Sprawling vs Hyperdensity
VishaanChakrabarti, "A Country of Cities"
Hyper-density Leaves Nature Natural
The Triumph of the (dense) city
Luís M. A. Bettencourt, “The Origins of Scaling in Cities”
Christine M. Hoehner, “Commuting Distance, Cardiorespiratory
Fitness, and Metabolic Risk”
At NYC's Density, the World's Population
Could Live in Texas
http://persquaremile.com/2011/01/18/if-the-worlds-population-lived-in-one-city/ Angel Shlomo, “The Sustainable Densities Proposition”
Vehicle emissions harm human health and the natural environment
Get help to stop driving:
consult your doctor or pharmacist
Noise and Vibration
Noise affect productivity and health
Each year 12 million lives are lost due to vehicle accidents
Global Climate Change
Vehicles are responsible for roughly 25% of fossil-based CO2 emissions
Roadways disrupts habitats and open areas to exploitation
The disposal of vehicles and vehicles parts contribute to landfill problems
Time lost in congestion affects overall productivity
Dependence on petrol-based mobility affects national security
Financial capital consumed by car expenditures reduces capital for other investments
Roads sever communities and inhibit social interactions
Car, roads and parking areas all detract from a city’s beauty
Loss of living space
Roads and parking consume large amounts of space
Adapted from Car-free movement
At the turn of the 20thcentury we wanted faster horses
Today we need more efficient cars, don’t we?
… according to millennials
features in car buying
… according to Tesla (ElonMusk)
Tesla Motors will update its Model S firmware in the coming months to allow owners to start and drive the Model S with only an iPhone
… according to Uber…
35% of consumers are expected not to own their own car by 2034. 53% of 18-34 year olds interested in participating in a car sharing service.
… according to modern urbanists…
The future of car might be… no car!
Sao Paulo, January 2014
… according to my taxi driver
The connected car market will achieve mass-market
penetration in the next few years: the overall number of vehicles
with built-in connectivity will increase from 10% of the overall
market today to 90% by 2020.
• Consumers expect the same experience
and connectivity they have at any other
time and place
• Regulations and safety laws require
cars to be connected.
• New car models, such as electric cars,
require more connectivity
• Carmakers can profit from increasing
AutoScout24 Connected Car 2014.
“Car makers face a critical dilemma. You can either have full control over the car’s functionality (i.e. in-vehicle apps), or you can embrace Apple and Google in the car, “
A true open innovation ecosystem
How can Telefonica help?