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Will electric cars save cities from the car?

Will electric cars save cities from the car?

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Will electric cars save cities from the car?

  1. 1. Industrial IoT Santander Agosto 2014 Francisco Jariego @fjjariego Will the Electric Car Save Our Cities From Cars? TelefonicaI+D
  2. 2. Smart Santander
  3. 3. Two roads diverged in a wood, and I— I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference. (Robert Frost)
  4. 4. The Joy of Driving…
  5. 5. … but not this way Number Of Cars Worldwide Surpassed 1 Billion in 2010
  6. 6. How did we get here? Total and Per- Capita Vehicle- Miles Traveled, U.S. 2012 data from U.S. Department of Transportation’s (U.S. DOT) Traffic Volume Trends series of reports; data from previous years from U.S. DOT’s Highway Statistics series of reports. The total number of miles travelled, increases essentially one-for-one with highway miles built
  7. 7. The Walkable City? Panama City Dakha(Bangladesh) Bangkok
  8. 8. Cars Kill People WHO 8
  9. 9. 16,000 vehicles per day 1,900 peak hour 0.9 friends, 3.1 acquaintances 8000 vehicles per day 550 peak hour 1.3 friends, 4.1 acquaintances 2,000 ehiclesper day 200 peak hour 3friends, 6.3 acquaintances Cars Kill Social Relationships Donald Appleyard Social Interactions Correlated to Street Traffic
  10. 10. http://progressivetransit.wordpress.com/2012/01/25/cars-kill-cities/ Cars Kill Cities https://www.facebook.com/TTCnotices/photos/pb.188140919238.-2207520000.1384890294./188853729238/?type=3&permPage=1
  11. 11. http://progressivetransit.wordpress.com/2012/01/25/cars-kill-cities/ Cars Kill Cities https://www.facebook.com/TTCnotices/photos/pb.188140919238.-2207520000.1384890294./188853729238/?type=3&permPage=1
  12. 12. http://progressivetransit.wordpress.com/2012/01/25/cars-kill-cities/ Cars Kill Cities https://www.facebook.com/TTCnotices/photos/pb.188140919238.-2207520000.1384890294./188853729238/?type=3&permPage=1
  13. 13. http://progressivetransit.wordpress.com/2012/01/25/cars-kill-cities/ Cars Kill Cities https://www.facebook.com/TTCnotices/photos/pb.188140919238.-2207520000.1384890294./188853729238/?type=3&permPage=1
  14. 14. Cars and Robust Cities are Incompatible Christopher McCahillandNorman Garrick, “Automobileuse and landconsumption: Empiricalevidencefrom12 cities” Cities with higher rates of driving have fewer people –a difference of more than 4,000 people per square mile for each 10 percent change in automobile use.
  15. 15. Automobile Dependency and Sprawl Cycle of Automobile Dependency Disperse Development Patterns Generous Parking Supply Increased Vehicle Ownership Automobile Oriented Transport Planning Reduced Travel Options Alternative Modes Stigmatised Sub-urbanization and degraded Cities Automobile Oriented Land Planning Victoria Transport Policy Institute, “Evaluating Transportation Land Use Impacts”
  16. 16. While it is conventional to point out that the world’s population is urbanizing, the world is primarily suburbanizing. VishaanChakrabarti, "A Country of Cities"
  17. 17. Sprawl, LA Hong Kong Sprawling vs Hyperdensity VishaanChakrabarti, "A Country of Cities"
  18. 18. Los Angeles Hong Kong Hyper-density Leaves Nature Natural
  19. 19. The Triumph of the (dense) city Luís M. A. Bettencourt, “The Origins of Scaling in Cities” Christine M. Hoehner, “Commuting Distance, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, and Metabolic Risk”
  20. 20. At NYC's Density, the World's Population Could Live in Texas http://persquaremile.com/2011/01/18/if-the-worlds-population-lived-in-one-city/ Angel Shlomo, “The Sustainable Densities Proposition”
  21. 21. To summarize Air Quality Vehicle emissions harm human health and the natural environment Get help to stop driving: consult your doctor or pharmacist Noise and Vibration Noise affect productivity and health Accidents Each year 12 million lives are lost due to vehicle accidents Global Climate Change Vehicles are responsible for roughly 25% of fossil-based CO2 emissions Natural Habitats Roadways disrupts habitats and open areas to exploitation Waste disposal The disposal of vehicles and vehicles parts contribute to landfill problems Congestion Time lost in congestion affects overall productivity Energy security Dependence on petrol-based mobility affects national security Economic Efficiency Financial capital consumed by car expenditures reduces capital for other investments Severance Roads sever communities and inhibit social interactions Visual Intrusion Car, roads and parking areas all detract from a city’s beauty Loss of living space Roads and parking consume large amounts of space Adapted from Car-free movement
  22. 22. At the turn of the 20thcentury we wanted faster horses Today we need more efficient cars, don’t we?
  23. 23. … according to millennials Most important features in car buying decision 18-24s Telefonica, Connected Car Industry Report 2014_ m2m.telefonica.com
  24. 24. … according to Tesla (ElonMusk) Tesla Motors will update its Model S firmware in the coming months to allow owners to start and drive the Model S with only an iPhone
  25. 25. … according to Uber… 35% of consumers are expected not to own their own car by 2034. 53% of 18-34 year olds interested in participating in a car sharing service.
  26. 26. … according to modern urbanists… The future of car might be… no car!
  27. 27. … according to Google
  28. 28. Sao Paulo, January 2014 … according to my taxi driver
  29. 29. The connected car market will achieve mass-market penetration in the next few years: the overall number of vehicles with built-in connectivity will increase from 10% of the overall market today to 90% by 2020. Connected Car • Consumers expect the same experience and connectivity they have at any other time and place • Regulations and safety laws require cars to be connected. • New car models, such as electric cars, require more connectivity • Carmakers can profit from increasing connectivity AutoScout24 Connected Car 2014.
  30. 30. “Car makers face a critical dilemma. You can either have full control over the car’s functionality (i.e. in-vehicle apps), or you can embrace Apple and Google in the car, “ Open Car?
  31. 31. 3 1 Open Platform A true open innovation ecosystem How can Telefonica help?
  32. 32. Thank-you ;-) Join us: @fjjariego

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