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1899 Philippine Constitution - Malolos Constitution

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Notas del editor

  • According to Merriam Webster, a constitution is the basic principles and laws of a nation, state, or social group that determine the powers and duties of the government and guarantee certain rights to the people in it.
  • Here in the Philippines, we have a total of six constitutions since the Proclamation of Independence on June 12, 1898.
  • One of the constitutions of the Philippines is the 1899 Philippine Constitution, the first Philippine Constitution and the first republican constitution in Asia, informally known as Malolos Constitution.
  • The Malolos constitution was written by Felipe Calderón y Roca and Felipe Buencamino as an alternative to a pair of proposals to the Malolos Congress by Apolinario Mabini and Pedro Paterno. After a lengthy debate in the latter part of 1898, it was promulgated by the Late President Emilio Aguinaldo on 21 January 1899. It was drafted and adopted by the First Philippine Republic, which lasted from 1899 to 1901.
  • The Malolos constitution is the first important Filipino document ever produced by the people's representatives. It has 101 + 1 articles divided into 10 groups. It is anchored in democratic traditions that ultimately had their roots in American soil.
  • It created a Filipino state whose government was "popular, representative, and responsible" with three distinct branches -- the executive, the legislative and the judicial.
  • The constitution specifically provided for safeguards against abuses and enumerated the national and individual rights not only of the Filipinos and of the aliens.
  • Article 1: The political association of all the Filipinos constitutes a nation, whose states is called the Philippine Republic.
  • Article 2: The Philippine Republic is free and independent.
  • Article 3. Sovereignity resides exclusively in the people.
  • Article 5. The State recognizes the freedom and equality of all religions, as well as the separation of Church and State.
  • Article 7: No Filipino or foreigner shall be arrested of imprisoned except by reason of a crime and in accordance with law.
  • The constitution as a whole is a monument to the capacity of the Filipinos to chart their own course along democratic lines. In a period of storm and stress, it symbolized the ideals of a people who had emerged from the Dark Ages into the Light of Reason.
  • The constitution as a whole is a monument to the capacity of the Filipinos to chart their own course along democratic lines. In a period of storm and stress, it symbolized the ideals of a people who had emerged from the Dark Ages into the Light of Reason.

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