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MUSQAN Initiative.pptx

  1. 1. MUSQAN INITIATIVE Moderator – Dr. (Prof) M. Basu Speaker- Dr. Anisha Chaudhary
  2. 2. • India has made considerable progress in improving survival of new borns and children. • One major reason for this achievement – massive scale up of community and facility based care. • A series of national level initiative has been launched by GoI under its flagship programmes contributed to these , such as - National rural health mission (2005) - National urban health mission (2013) - Ayushman Bharat (2018)
  3. 3. • Various maternal, newborn and child health initiatives programmes ( such as JSY , JSSK , Dakshta, SUMAN, PMSMA , AMB, RBSK ) have been initiated for having better outcomes for newborns and children. • These initiatives have significant impact on newborn and child mortality and morbidity. ( NMR : 44 / 1000 LB in 2000 – 20 /1000, U5 : 96 to 32)
  4. 4. Improving maternal and child health has been on the top health priorities of GoI Primary health care Comprehensive primary health care
  5. 5. • A systemic approach under NQAS implementation has established a well structured institutional framework from the facility level to the national level. • There is an inbuilt system of State and National level certification of health facilities those exhibiting compliance to NQAS norms and sustaing also.
  6. 6. INTRODUCTION • Effects over the past decade to minimise adverse outcomes for newborns and children have been directed for increasing access to institutional care , which resulted in higher footfalls in health facilities. • With increasing utilisation of health services, poor quality of care ( QoC) became a major roadblock in the quest to end preventable mortality and morbidity. • For ensuring child friendly services in public health facilities, MoHFW is introducing a new QUALITY improvement initiative “MusQan” for the pediatric age group (0-12 years) , within the existing National Quality Assurance Standards ( NQAS) framework.
  7. 7. MusQan aims to ensure quality services in public health care facilities, which is : • Timely • Effective • Efficient • Safe • Person-centred • Equaitable • Integrated
  8. 8. GOAL : MusQan aims to ensure provision of quality child –friendly services in public health facilities to reduce preventable newborn and child morbidity and mortality.
  9. 9. OBJECTIVES • To reduce preventable mortality and morbidity among children below 12 years of age • To enhance QoC as per NQAS • To promote adherence to evidence based practices and standard treatment guidelines and protocols • To provide child friendly services to newborn and children in humane and supportive environment • To enhance satisfaction of mother and family, seeking healthcare for their child
  10. 10. Provision of child friendly services
  11. 11. Framework of MusQan quality initiative and key actions
  12. 12. Breastfeeding Corner
  13. 13. Child friendly ambience
  14. 14. Transforming facility to child friendly facility
  15. 15. MusQan Institutional Framework
  16. 16. Roles and Responsibilities at the Facility Level • Ensuring adherence to protocols and key clinical practices • Conduct regular assessments using NQAS checklists • Prioritisation and action planning for traversing the gaps • Ensure achievement of indicators using RI events approaches • The quality circles shall undertake various RI events for improving outcome indicators leading to achievement of defined targets
  17. 17. Roles & Responsibilities at the District Level • Mentoring of the facilities or department level quality circles • Capacity building of facility staff for undertaking assessment, generating scores, measuring target indicators, progression on quality and clinical care practices, gaps using improvement cycles • Ensure conduct of baseline assessment of targeted health facilities within stipulated timelines and measurement of key performance indicators • Competence assessment of staffs deputed in various departments
  18. 18. • Conduct assessment and prepare facilities for state and national assessment and certification • Ensure regular reporting of indicators to the state and validate reported data at regular intervals or as and when required • Provide onsite support to the regularly low/ underperforming facilities
  19. 19. Roles & Responsibilities at the State Level • Ensure availability of required technical resources, such as programme guidelines, standard treatment protocols, standard operating procedures, etc • Capacity building of quality team and departmlent quality circles • Ensure conduct of baseline assessment of targeted health facilities within stipulated timeline , and measurement of the key performance indicators • Mobilise state support, including provision of human resources, drugs, equipment, finance and other inputs
  20. 20. • Develop resource materials/tools for competency evaluation, and organise trainings for skill enhancement of both clinical and non clinical staffs • Provide onsite support to continuously underperforming facilities • Provide inputs for improvement in guidelines and ensure implementation of recommended mid course corrections • Organise and undertake state level assessments and provide support for the national certification • Ensure regular monitoring and validation of indicators at the State level. Also support reporting of indicators at the national level
  21. 21. Roles & Responsibilities of Central Quality Supervisory Committee (CQSC) • Dissemination of guidelines, standards and assessment tools to the state • Ensure orientation, capacity building and continuous support for MusQan’s implementation • Conduct periodic visits to the state and provide mentoring to a sample of health facilities • Recommend mid course corrections, whenever required • Ensure a system for reporting and sharing State’s achievements in terms of indicator/ target improvement of services • Handhold Quality Assurance Committee and units at the State level • Develop monitoring and evaluation protocols and ensure their implementation
  22. 22. MusQan – Operational Framework • Essential quality circle at each department • Conduct assessment using NQAS and measure Performance indicators • Identify gaps and perform Root Cause Analysis • Plan interventions and RI events – PDCA • Filling the gaps in time-bound manner • Achieve MusQan Certification and targets • Sustenance
  23. 23. Departments
  24. 24. Rapid Improvement Events 1. Providing emergency services 2. Improving breastfeeding, temperature maintenance, KMC practices in eligible neonates and developmental supportive care 3. Improving documentation and record management practices. 4. Ensuring improvement in infection prevention practices and reduction in Hospital Acquired Infections 5. Ensuring implementation of clinical protocols such as rational use of Abx , oxygen, fluids etc 6. Providing respectful care and improving engagement of mothers and families and enhancing parents’ and families’ satisfaction
  25. 25. Steps for implementation of MusQan at facility level 1. Constituting quality teams and quality circles at facility and department level, respectively 2. Assessing quality of care 3. Identifying critical gaps 4. Planning interventions and RI events 5. Undertaking improvement activities 6. Traversing gaps in a time bound manner 7. Certification 8. Surveillance
  26. 26. Assessment Method • Observation • Staff intervew • Record review • Patient review
  27. 27. Certification • Internal assessment • State level • National level
  28. 28. Criteria for becoming a MusQan certified facility • NQAS certification of SNCU/ NBSU , Pediatric ward, OPD and NRC • Attainment of at least 75% or more facility level indicator . It’s verification by national assessors at the time of external assessment and by SQAC at the time of surveillance . • 80% of the patient families are either satisfied or highly satisfied. National assessors shall evaluate the component at the time of external assessment.
  29. 29. Incentive Incentives will be awarded for three consecutive years subject to submission of surveillance report by the states to QI division NHSRC and Child Health division of MoHFW. Surveillance will be done to ascertain status of the NQAS scores , sustenance or further improvement of targets and parent attendant group satisfaction scores.
  30. 30. Measuring, Improving and Learning • MusQan initiativeis linked with 21 Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) • Additional 3 indicators added later E.g : Average waiting time for the initial assessment by physicians ,Follow up rate , Referral rate, Mortality rate, LAMA rate e.t.c * Bed : nurse ratio, percent of doctors and staff nurses trained in FBNC and observership training, newborn and cihild death audit on monthly basis
  31. 31. Checklist
  32. 32. A : Service Provision A1 : Facility provides curative services A2 : RMNCH services A3 : Diagnostic services A4: Facility provides services as indicated in National health scheme/ State health scheme A5 : Support services and administrative services A6: Health services provided at the facility are appropriate to community needs
  33. 33. B : Patient rights B1 : Information to care seekers about available services B2 : Services delivered is sensitive to gender, religious and cultural needs B3 : Maintains privacy B4 : Informing patients about their medical conditions and involving them in trt planning and decision making B5: Financial protection from cost of hospital services
  34. 34. C : Inputs C1 : Infrastructure for delivery of assured services C2: Physical safety including fire safety of infrastructure C3: Adequate, qualified and trained staff C4: Drugs and consumables required C5: Equipments and instruments
  35. 35. Exercise A couple visited nearby PHC to undergo abortion. When they reach the facility pre procedure councelling is provided to them and referred the case to higher center, as facility is not providing abortion services. The scenario belongs to which standard?
  36. 36. During a surprise visit to a CHC in a NBSU , it was observed that newborns were referred to higher facility with a referral slip. The staff informed that they were maintaining referral in and referral out register to follow up the patients. However, as informed by the beneficiaries, referral vehicle was not available to them for timely referral. The scenario belongs to which standard?
  37. 37. Dr. Chandni Sharma , an assessor went to a DH for assessment. She observed that despite of being an informed visit, the cleaning was not satisfactory. She discussed the matter with hospital superintendent of the facility. She was informed that the cleaning service outsourced to an agency with a political background and agency did not sent cleaning staffs since yesterday evening. They managed to do the cleaning work with only 4 cleaning staffs of the agency. Under which area of concern you will assign the non compliance?