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Canonical data model

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Canonical data model

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Canonical data model

  1. 1. CANONICAL DATA MODEL Govind Mulinti
  2. 2. 2015 © WHISHWORKS. All rights reserved. WHISHWORKS Confidential • Often, people from various business units have different terms or abbreviations for the same concept, which may lead to an error while interpretation. • For example, the purchase order number can be denoted in several ways with different parameters and is also based on departments in the organization. Probably, they would be using codes like PO No, PO ID, PO Code, etc. • This leads to multiple custom versions of “enterprise- wide” data models such as Product, Customer, Supplier etc. All models have redundant custom versions of “enterprise-wide” services and business vocabulary, which in turn leads to Point-to-Point connections that are calculated by n * (n-1). 2 Why Canonical Data model (CDM)
  3. 3. 2015 © WHISHWORKS. All rights reserved. WHISHWORKS Confidential Enterprise integrated across systems 3 • Sometimes, these service contracts may express similar capabilities in different ways, leading to inconsistency and might result in misinterpretation. • An ideal solution for this problem is to have service contracts that are standardized with naming conventions. Naming conventions are applied to service contracts as part of formal analysis and design processes. The use of global naming conventions introduces enterprise-wide standards that need to be consistently used and enforced.
  4. 4. 2015 © WHISHWORKS. All rights reserved. WHISHWORKS Confidential CDM - Shift 4 • The Canonical Expression pattern, using Canonical Data Model (CDM) solves all the related problems. • The name CANON comes from a Greek and Latin meaning ‘a rule’ or ‘standard’. • Canonical Data Model defines common architecture for messages exchanged between applications or components. The CDM defines business entities, attributes, associations and semantics relevant to specific domain. • “Canonical Data Model” is application independent. • Examples of some CDM’s are: OAGIS, ACCORD, HL7, HR-XML.
  5. 5. 2015 © WHISHWORKS. All rights reserved. WHISHWORKS Confidential Benefits and downsides 5 • Benefits of the CDM shift are: – Improve Business Communication through standardization – Increase re-use of Software Components – No. of possible connections is (n * 2) against n (n-1). – Reduce transformations – Reduce Integration Time and Cost • Few downsides while using CDM are – CDM’s are too generic (BIG in size) (Light versions might release in order to solve this problem) – CDM usage might impact run-time performance – In general, CDM’s do not contain business validations

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