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Tools and Techniques of Classroom Assessment

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Observation, Self-reporting, Anecdotal records, Check lists, Rating scales - Type of tests - Rubrics

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Tools and Techniques of Classroom Assessment

  1. 1. Tools and Techniques for Classroom Assessment Dr.S.Govindaraj Assistant Professor Adhiparasakthi College of Education, Kalavai @GovindarajS PhD
  2. 2. Tools and Techniques for Classroom Assessment @GovindarajS PhD
  3. 3. Classroom Assessment @GovindarajSPhD
  4. 4. ClassroomAssessment Systematic approach to formative evaluation Used by instructors to determine how much and how well students are learning Empower both teachers and students @GovindarajS PhD
  5. 5. ClassroomAssessment Improve the quality of learning in the classroom Learner centered, teacher directed, mutually beneficial Formative, context- specific @GovindarajS PhD
  6. 6. Classroom Assessment – 3 Broad Categories Course related knowledge and skills Learner attitude, values and self- awareness Learner reactions to instruction @GovindarajS PhD
  7. 7. Tools and Techniques of Classroom Assessment Observation Self- reporting Anecdotal recordsCheck lists Rating scale @GovindarajS PhD
  8. 8. Observation @GovindarajSPhD Obtaining evaluative information through direct observation
  9. 9. Observation @GovindarajSPhD
  10. 10. Observation @GovindarajS PhD
  11. 11. Observation @GovindarajS PhD Controlled Observation • Structured observation – observe participants in the particular area – Lab/Classroom • Data is easy to analyze and quantify Naturalistic Observation • Observe participants in the natural setting • Generate new ideas and research questions Participant Observation • Observe participants in natural habitat • Control some variables in the natural environment
  12. 12. @GovindarajSPhD Self- reporting any test, measure or survey individual's own report symptoms, behaviors, beliefs, or attitudes
  13. 13. Self-reporting Paper-and- pencil format Electronic format Interview @GovindarajSPhD
  14. 14. Self-reporting @GovindarajS PhD 1. To identify specific symptoms or signs of psychological disorders 2. Administered as part of comprehensive assessment
  15. 15. Self-reporting @GovindarajS PhD 1. collect feelings, attitudes and so on 2. Response without interference
  16. 16. Provide direction for further instruction Provide cumulative information on student learning Behavior, skills and attitudes Record specific observation of individual Anecdotal Records @GovindarajS PhD
  17. 17. Provide information on students’ development Individual instructional needs Capture observations of significant behaviors Documentation of learning Anecdotal Records @GovindarajS PhD
  18. 18. Learn about development or behavior of a child Address students’ participation Anecdotal Records Needs and interests of a child @GovindarajS PhD
  19. 19. @GovindarajS PhD
  20. 20. A tool used in evaluating and measuring using specific criteria that allow an individual to gather information in order to make a judgment regarding the matter being assessed. @GovindarajS PhD
  21. 21. @GovindarajS PhD Yes/No format Record Observation Help students feel in control Keep students on task
  22. 22. @GovindarajS PhD Flexible document Adapts to the needs of students Improve students’ performance Modify the instruction
  23. 23. Rating scales @GovindarajS PhD
  24. 24. Rating scales @GovindarajS PhD Tool used for assessing the performance of tasks, skill levels, procedures, processes, qualities, quantities, or end products, such as reports, drawings, and computer programs.
  25. 25. Rating scales @GovindarajS PhD Indicator of the frequency of skills, behaviors and strategies of an individual Specific, clearly distinguishable statements Short enough to be practical Wide variety of performance levels Reviewed by other instructors Highlight critical tasks or skills Recording observations and inferences in self- assessment Clearly defined Describe quality and frequency of an individual
  26. 26. Types of tests @GovindarajS PhD A test supposed to be able to measure learning outcome which distinguish the every single student's ability between students already mastered and not yet the learning material.
  27. 27. Types of tests Summative Test Subjective tests Objective tests Diagonostic Tests Achievement Test @GovindarajS PhD
  28. 28. @GovindarajS PhD Summative tests Summative test is an achievement test administrated at the end of a course or unit of instruction. To find out the overall learning outcome after set of learning units – students’ progress
  29. 29. @GovindarajS PhD Achievement tests Measures how much a learning takes place in a particular programme of instruction Measuring students’ achievement learning outcome which is administered at the end of the course of study
  30. 30. @GovindarajS PhD Achievement tests Determine the level of education for which students might be prepared Determine if students have met specific learning goals
  31. 31. @GovindarajS PhD Diagnostic tests 1. Know students’ strengths and weaknesses 2. Identify skills and knowledge 3. What student’s know and does not know 4. Happens new phase of education 5. To guide what and how they teach 6. Helpful tool for parents
  32. 32. @GovindarajS PhD Objective tests 1. Test what you actually taught 2. Improve test items 3.Write items that assess complex learning objectives 4.Improve overall test construction and administration
  33. 33. @GovindarajS PhD Objective tests 5. Examinee to select the correct answer from among one or more of several alternatives 6. Pin-pointed, definite and so clear that a single, definite answer is expected
  34. 34. @GovindarajS PhD Objective tests 7. Ensure perfect objectivity in scoring 8. Scope for wider sampling of the content 9. Reduces role of luck and cramming of expected questions 10. Measures higher mental processes of understanding, application, analysis, prediction and interpretation 11. Scoring is easy
  35. 35. @GovindarajS PhD Objective tests Multiple Choice questions True/ False Match the following Assertion - Reason
  36. 36. @GovindarajS PhD Subjective tests Ω Aim to assess students’ performance Ω More ways to express for a question Ω Complex and Qualitative Ω Easy and less time consuming
  37. 37. @GovindarajS PhD Subjectivetests Essay Questions Short Answers Definitions Opinion Questions
  38. 38. @GovindarajS PhD Rubrics - Meaning Assessment tool Indicates achievement criteria Written to oral to visual
  39. 39. @GovindarajS PhD Used for assignments, class participation or marks Assess performance Appropriate and well- written descriptions of performance Rubrics - Meaning
  40. 40. @GovindarajS PhD Rubrics - Importance Processes • Physical skills • Use of equipment • Oral communication • Work habits Products • Constructed objects • Written essays, themes • Understanding of concepts
  41. 41. https://citl.illinois.edu/citl-101/teaching-learning/resources/teaching- strategies/classroom-assessment-techniques- (cats)#:~:text=Classroom%20Assessment%20is%20a%20systematic,can%20be%20ma de%20as%20necessary. https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-1-4419-1698- 3_1772#:~:text=Definition,%2Demotional%20functioning%2C%20and%20language. https://fortresslearning.com.au/cert-iv-content/assess/observation-assessment- instrument/ https://fuelcycle.com/blog/the-3-most-common-observation-research-methods/ https://bilgeuzun.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Self-Report-wbecp507.pdf http://gaml.uis.unesco.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2018/12/4.6.1_11_Self-Report- Indirect-and-Simple-Direct-Assessment-Tools-for-Reporting.pdf https://www.verywellmind.com/definition-of-self-report-425267 @GovindarajS PhD References
  42. 42. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self- report_study#:~:text=A%20self%2Dreport%20study%20is,attitudes%2C%20beliefs%2 0and%20so%20on. http://www.learnalberta.ca/content/mewa/html/assessment/anecdotalnotes.html#:~:text= Assessment%20Strategies%20and%20Tools%3A%20Anecdotal,and%20direction%20f or%20further%20instruction. https://sites.google.com/site/lariyoliassessmentwebsite/assessment-instrument- analyses/rubrics-checklists-anecdotal-records https://k12teacherstaffdevelopment.com/tlb/using-anecdotal-records-in-the-classroom/ https://www.template.net/business/analysis-templates/assessment-checklist- template/#:~:text=A%20checklist%20used%20for%20assessment,regarding%20the%2 0matter%20being%20assessed. https://www.teachthought.com/pedagogy/simple-checklist-can-improve-learning/ https://www.anselm.edu/sites/default/files/Documents/Library/info-lit-tool-05.pdf @GovindarajS PhD References
  43. 43. https://www.template.net/business/analysis-templates/assessment-checklist- template/#:~:text=A%20checklist%20used%20for%20assessment,regarding%20the%2 0matter%20being%20assessed. https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-an-achievement-test-2794805 https://www.noodle.com/articles/4-types-of-tests-teachers-give-and-why https://www.ukessays.com/essays/education/definition-of-test-types-of-test-education- essay.php https://www.onlineassessmenttool.com/knowledge-center/assessment-knowledge- center/what-are-the-types-of-assessment/item10637 https://elttguide.com/8-kinds-of-testing-6-types-of-tests/ https://sites.google.com/a/uwlax.edu/teaching-improvement-guide/improvement- strategies/assessing-learning/b-exams-and-quizzes @GovindarajS PhD References
  44. 44. https://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/statistics-2/objective-type-test-meaning-merits-and- limitations-statistics/92615 https://firstyear.mit.edu/tutoring-support/study-tips/mastering-tests/different-types-tests https://englishpost.org/objective-and-subjective-tests/ http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/112001/chapters/What-Are-Rubrics-and-Why- Are-They-Important%C2%A2.aspx https://uwaterloo.ca/centre-for-teaching-excellence/teaching-resources/teaching- tips/assessing-student-work/grading-and-feedback/rubrics-useful-assessment- tools#:~:text=A%20rubric%20is%20an%20assessment,of%20rubrics%3A%20holistic% 20and%20analytical. @GovindarajS PhD References

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