1. A LESSON PLAN IN SCIENCE 4
Linamon Central School
The different types of soil.
Compare and contrast the characteristics of different types of soil.
Learning Competency and Code:
. Compare and contrast the characteristics of different types of soil.
At the end of this lesson, the learners are expected to:
A. Compare and contrast the characteristics of different types of soil
B. Identify the different layers of the soil
C. Appreciate the importance of soil
Subject Matter: Compare and contrast the characteristics of different types of soil.
MAPEH - Jumping Jacks
English- Communicating ideas clearly/creatively
Math - Counting
Strategies: 7Es Learning Model,
Picture Prompt Strategy
References: Science 4 Learning Materials, pp. 58-69
Science 4 Teacher’s Guide, pp.73-79
Video clip: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=idLDCWNTXgg
III. Learning Resources: real objects, laptop, TV, speaker, pen markers, bond paper
IV. Learning Tasks/Procedures:
TEACHER’S ACTIVITY LEARNER’S ACTIVITY
A. Reviewing previous lesson or presenting the new lesson
Setting of Classroom Rules
2. Show pictures of landscapes.
Earth is made up of land and water. The land is where your house and school
stand. It is where most plants and animals live.
Soil is a part of land. It is made up of tiny particles of rocks and decayed plants
Establishing a purpose for the lesson
Unlocking of word – SOIL
What is soil?
Where do you think soil comes from? What is soil made of?
Show a piece of rock to the class
B. Presenting examples / instances of the new lesson
Video Presentation of the heart and how it functions.
What did you find out in the video about the heart’s job?
All right, the heart pumps blood in our circulatory system and it provides an
oxygen-rich blood required for staying alive.
Apart from the heart, which is one of the major organs of our body, there is
also our brain, lungs, liver and kidney.
So, how many major organs did I mention?
(showing of pictures through slides)
The vital organs are those that a person needs to survive. A problem with any
of these organs can quickly become life threatening.
So, for you to understand why it’s important, let’s talk about them one by one.
Let’s start with…
The brain is the control center for the body. As a part of the nervous system,
the brain receives and makes sense of signals sent from nerve cells in the body.
The brain also sends information to the body's muscles and organs.
Soil is a substance that covers
Learners pay attention to the
It pumps blood to our body.
3. The heart is a fist-sized organ that pumps blood throughout our body. Each
day, your heart beats around 100,000 times. This continuously pumps about
five liters (eight pints) of blood around your body through a network of blood
vessels called your circulatory system. This blood delivers oxygen and nutrients
to all parts of your body to help your organs and muscles work properly.is the
most important organ of the circulatory system, which helps deliver blood to
Lungs are baglike organs, or body parts, used for breathing. They are part of
the body's respiratory system. All animals that have a backbone and breathe air
have lungs. When an animal inhales (breathes in), air filled with oxygen flows
into the lungs.
The liver does many jobs, but here are three big ones: It cleans your blood. It
produces an important digestive liquid called bile. It stores energy in the form
of a sugar called glycogen.
The kidneys are a pair of bean shaped organs, and each is about the size of a
fist. They are located on either side of the back, protected inside of the lower
part of the rib cage. They help filter blood and remove waste from the
It is not possible to live without these organs. That said, in the case of the
paired kidneys and lungs, a person can live without one of the pair. But with
strict health compliance.
C. Discussing new concepts and practicing new skills
Setting of Standards for Group Activity
Setting Standards in Group Activity
Differentiated Group Work
You Complete Me
Directions: Study the cut-out paper and be able to identify what organ it is
by completing the puzzle.
Give Me A Name
Directions: Identify the picture of the major organs and be able to write
the name of the organ.
Find Me My Job
Learners perform the
Learners report the assigned
activity in front of the class.
4. Directions: Identify the picture of the major organs and be able to connect
it from its function.
D. Developing Mastery
Have pupils report their group activities.
You all have done a great job in doing each of your assigned activity.
E. Making generalizations about the lesson
What have you learned from our lesson today?
What are the 5 major organs of our body?
Can you give me function of any of the organs of the body we have discussed?
The Teacher will present the KWL chart
Know What to Know
What I Learned
There are 5 major
organs of our body
How does a
What does a
heart do in our
How does a
How does a
It is control center of the body.
It pumps blood throughout
It is used for breathing.
A liver cleans our blood.
They help filter blood and
remove waste from the body.
The teacher will say:
How are the organs important?
What will we do to take care our organs?
Learners pay attention.
Learner’s answer varies.
Eat healthy foods, exercise
5. Our organs are very important because they are responsible to make us alive.
We should take care of it by eating nutritious foods and drink plenty of water.
And right amount of sleep!
F. Evaluating learning
Set reminders in taking the quiz.
Direction: Describe the main function of the organs of the body through
matching the picture in column A from the function in Column B. Write the
letter of the correct answer on the space provided. Answers:
Directions: In your notebook, list at least 5 common ailments of the heart.
6. Prepared by:
Hanziel M. Vallejos
Teacher – 2
Checked and observed by:
Katty L. Dacanay
Master Teacher – I