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Cloud Services for Education - HNSciCloud applied to the UP2U project

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This presentation at CERN during the IT Technical Forum on 24 Nov 2017 highlighted the achievement of the Up2University Project (https://up2university.eu/, funded under the EC Call ICT-22-2016: Technologies for Learning and Skills), which aims at bridging the gap between secondary schools, higher education, and the research domain adopting learning technology and methodology to let high school students use the very same tools & services used by real researchers doing Big Science at CERN.

In order to provide concrete example of CERN core technologies running in containers, the Up2U cloud based education services have been ported to the HNSciCloud prototype systems provided by T-Systems and IBM.

Cloud Services for Education - HNSciCloud applied to the UP2U project

  1. 1. Cloud Services for Education Up2University Project at CERN-IT and UniGE Physiscope Margherita Boselli (University of Geneva) Enrico Bocchi (CERN, IT-ST) Jakub T. Mościcki (CERN, IT-ST) IT Technical Forum CERN, 24 Nov 2017
  2. 2. 2 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Table of Contents 1.  The Up2U Project  Context at CERN Background & Introduction 2.  Technical Architecture & Deployment Development of Up2U services at CERN 3.  Summer experiment with Up2U for Physiscope Collaboration with University of Geneva
  3. 3. The Up to University Project Up2U
  4. 4. Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U Project  EC Call ICT-22-2016: Technologies for Learning and Skills  5M EUR funding for 3 years 4 18 partners (Academia, Research, Industry, NRENs) 12 countries in Europe
  5. 5. Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U Goals Objective  Bridge the gap between secondary schools, higher education, and the research domain  Adopt technology and methodology  Bonus: Get kids interested and involved in science early on  Target audience  Kids 12-18 years old & their teachers  Practical outcome  Pilot service for ~400 schools 5
  6. 6. Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Technology Up2Universe platform  Create, share, and collaborate on educational content  Formal learning  Support for teachers: Courses, assignments, resources  Informal learning  Experimentation, peer-to-peer learning, social interactions 6 Integrating existing open-source tools & services
  7. 7. Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Methodology Shift from industrial to organic education 7 Fixed schedule Changing subjects Linear development Standard assessment Personalized Outside and inside school involvement Flipped classes Close community links New role of teachers
  8. 8. Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U at CERN  Let the kids use the very same tools & services used by real researchers doing Big Science at CERN  Sharing the same tools = removing the technology friction between these two worlds  Opportunity for feedback and collaboration  Existing outreach programmes at CERN  Neighboring institutions (e.g. local universities)  Growing interest in education from the Physics community  Open Data, … 8
  9. 9. Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Outreach opportunities at CERN 9 F.Gianotti, Jan 2017  Many Edu/Outreach projects target high schools and teachers  Ongoing discussion with Edu/Outreach teams (IR-ECO) on future opportunities for collaborating on Up2U
  10. 10. Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Technology: What makes it hard…  Traditionally Big Science tools require “Big Expertise”  It’s usually quite hard to  Setup and use the tools  Access to data  Share the “data analysis code & data”  Even harder to “export” the environment and tools to set them up elsewhere 10
  11. 11. Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Technology: What makes it plausible…  Jupyter Notebooks  Full data science environment in a web browser  Evolution of analysis service for physics at CERN  Dropbox-like Cloud Storage  Easy sharing and access from any device  Container and Virtualization Services  Simple and quick deployment anywhere 11 EP-SFT IT-CM IT-ST
  12. 12. Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Jupyter Notebooks: Technology of wider interest  Notebooks are playable, interactive documents  Similar to Matlab or Mathematica  “read a book and play with it as you go” 12
  13. 13. Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Outreach Notebooks from Physics Community  Notebooks are playable, interactive documents  Similar to Matlab or Mathematica  “read a book and play with it as you go” 13 Hiukkasfysiikan avoin data opetuksessa Particle open data teaching Paavo Rikkilä CMS Open Data
  14. 14. Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Jupyter Notebook Example 14 Embed images Write rich text in Markdown format Write code and run it
  15. 15. Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions CERN cloud services for Up2Universe platform 15 Students Teachers Notebooks
  16. 16. Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Access from any device anywhere 16
  17. 17. Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Backed by scalable storage technology 17
  18. 18. Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U Timeline 18 Methodology & Content Technology & Infrastructure
  19. 19. Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Early prototyping and experimentation 19 CERN tools & services Integration Deployment Early-on experimentation a real setting Informal MicroExperiment Methodology & Content Technology
  20. 20. The Up2U Platform Up2Universe
  21. 21. 21 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2Universe Toolbox
  22. 22. 22 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2Universe Toolbox Recording and Publishing Open Educational Content Public and private content repositories Learning Management System https://up2university.eu Federated SSO and group management Federated Sync & Share Web front-end • Content Delivery • Wi-Fi coverage Network access Interactive Notebooks with Sharing
  23. 23. 23 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2Universe: Architecture eduGAIN OpenID Orcid Social Networks LDAP https://up2university.eu AAI Group management LMS Up2U playground Up2U Toolbox Proxy Apps eduOER aggregator Content Providers
  24. 24. 24 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2Universe: Connecting schools eduGAIN OpenID Orcid Social Networks LDAP https://up2university.eu AAI Group management LMS Up2U playground Up2U Toolbox Proxy Apps eduOER aggregator Content Providers
  25. 25. 25 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2Universe: Connecting schools eduGAIN OpenID Orcid Social Networks LDAP https://up2university.eu AAI Group management LMS Up2U playground Up2U Toolbox Proxy Apps eduOER aggregator Content Providers NREN Cloud NREN IdP School A
  26. 26. 26 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2Universe: Connecting schools eduGAIN OpenID Orcid Social Networks LDAP https://up2university.eu AAI Group management LMS Up2U playground Up2U Toolbox Proxy Apps eduOER aggregator Content Providers NREN Cloud School A NREN IdP School B School IdP Apps
  27. 27. 27 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2Universe across countries CERN PSNC GWDG
  28. 28. 28 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Cloud Federation with Open Cloud Mesh GWDG CERN Open Cloud Mesh  Federated content sharing beyond the borders of individual clouds  Ease the dissemination of high quality content for teaching PSNC
  29. 29. 29 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions CERNBox and SWAN in Up2Universe  Need of a flexible, scalable, and highly-available deployment model  Up2U architecture evolves to accommodate new requirements  Service adoption and user population unknown  Use of container technologies  Self-contained, light-weight  Deterministic and repeatable deployment  Enable rapid prototyping and easy distribution of software  In-house expertise from IT-CM group • CERN Container Service
  30. 30. 30 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Containerized CERN-IT Technology  Development of Boxed + + • Single-box installation via docker-compose • No configuration required • Download and run services in 15 minutes https://github.com/cernbox/uboxed One-Click demo Deployment • Container orchestration with Kubernetes • Ability to scale according to storage and computing needs • Tolerant to node failure for high-availability https://github.com/cernbox/kuboxed Production-oriented Deployment
  31. 31. 31 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Containerized CERN-IT Technology  Development of Boxed File Servers eos-fst{1..N} Sync Client Namespace eos-mgm Messaging eos-mq EOS CERNBox SWAN CERNBox Web Server cernbox EOS Access eos-fuse Software cvmfs Users Authentication and session orchestration JupyterHub N Single-user Jupyter containers jupyter-user0 jupyter-userN … … CERNBox cernboxgateway
  32. 32. 32 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Containerized CERN-IT Technology  Applications of Boxed go beyond Up2U  Concrete example of CERN core technologies running in containers  “disposable” deployment for testing and development within IT-ST and EP-SFT groups  Porting improvements to upstream production  Simplified try-out and deployment for partners • Australia's Academic and Research Network (AARNET) • Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia • National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow, Russia • Academia Sinica Grid Computing Centre (ASGC), Taipei, Taiwan
  33. 33. 33 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Containerized CERN-IT Technology  Single-box deployment running on multiple clouds  Amazon Web Services  Helix Nebula Cloud (T-Systems & IBM)  Poznań Supercomputing and Networking Center (PSNC)  Greek Research and Technology Network (GRnet)  OpenStack at CERN  Your own laptop!  Production-oriented deployment with Kubernetes on  OpenStack at CERN  CERN Container Service (on-going effort)  Pilot service for Up2U
  34. 34. 34 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U Pilot at CERN  Up2U Pilot for participant schools starting in early 2018  CERN will be a piloting site together with PSNC  Containerized version of EOS, CERNBox, and SWAN in production  Several deployment scenarios foreseen  Self-managed cluster of OpenStack VMs  Cluster of containers via CERN Container Service
  35. 35. 35 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U Pilot at CERN  Up2U Pilot for participant schools starting in early 2018  CERN will be a piloting site together with PSNC  Containerized version of EOS, CERNBox, and SWAN in production  Several deployment scenarios foreseen  Self-managed cluster of OpenStack VMs  Cluster of containers via CERN Container Service  Hybrid cluster with physical and virtual machines
  36. 36. 36 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U Pilot at CERN  Up2U Pilot for participant schools starting in early 2018  CERN will be a piloting site together with PSNC  Containerized version of EOS, CERNBox, and SWAN in production  Several deployment scenarios foreseen  Integrated with CERN Single Sign-On  User log-in via eduGAIN credentials  No CERN account required  Consolidated technology approved by CERN Computer Security
  37. 37. 37 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U MicroExperiment  Would tools for Big Science work for high schools students?  Are they easy and intuitive enough for the context?  Is the interface eye-catchy and friendly?  How to learn to use them properly?  The Idea – Up2U MicroExperiment  Leverage short-term apprenticeships at CERN for high-school students  Early road test of CERN services for Up2U  Asset for Up2U development and fulfillment
  38. 38. 38 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U MicroExperiment  Our Apprentice  Maja – 16 years old student from the UK • Two years from university • General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) this year • Interested in physics and mathematics  The Goal  Produce interesting content as example of Up2U platform  Try-out Up2U platform in the setting of an educational facility  Provide an example of interaction between Big Science and high-schools
  39. 39. 39 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U MicroExperiment  The Preparation  Identification of scientific topic of her interest and part of her study plan: Superconductivity  Swan 101 Training • Few readings, many working examples! • Python Coding, data analysis, plots, …  The Execution  Assigned task: Create a reportage of her journey  Physiscope: Collect scientific data as a real scientist!  CERN: Describe her voyage through experiments sites
  40. 40. University of Geneva Physiscope
  41. 41. 41 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Physiscope  Physiscope is an outreach programme established in 2007 with the education mandate defined by the Swiss National Science Foundation  This project has been developed in collaboration with the Physics Department of the University of Geneva (UniGE)  It consists of an open laboratory where are organized interactive lessons covering different topics of physics. All the lessons are strongly linked to the contemporary scientific research
  42. 42. 42 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Physiscope  The Goal  This programme aims at motivating young people to choose a scientific career  The first step is changing the negative perception of students towards science, physics in particular  The Tools  The approach used by Physiscope is based on the so-called “hands-on science”: The audience does not attend a frontal lesson but is actively involved in the experiments!  The sessions take place in a dedicated laboratory located next to real research labs
  43. 43. 43 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Physiscope  The Target  The Physiscope activities are opened to the general public but the main targets are 12–19 years old students from middle- and high-schools  Some Numbers  This programme is very well known and appreciated in the Geneva area  The number of visitors is still growing: In the past few years the average number of session is 330/year for more than 5000 students  The Physics department is now studying the correlation between the observed increase of the physics 1st year students and the Physiscope programme
  44. 44. 44 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U MicroExperiment  A prototype implementation of the Up2U project 1 week in August 2017  A 16 years old high school student from UK  Physiscope educational content  CERN-IT tools & services
  45. 45. 45 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U MicroExperiment at Physiscope  The scientific framework of this project is the Superconductivity  Phase 1  Qualitative and Quantitative study of the phenomenon  Experiments on electrostatics and the electronic properties of materials  Cryogenics  The zero-resistance state  The Meissner effect  Measurement of the R vs T characteristic of a commercial superconducting tape (YBCO)
  46. 46. 46 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U MicroExperiment at CERN  The scientific framework of this project is Superconductivity  Phase 2  She visited the main CERN facilities focusing on the application of superconductivity  Magnetic dipoles, RF-cavities, detector components, …
  47. 47. 47 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U MicroExperiment  During her stay, she used the infrastructure provided by CERN-IT services to Share Sync/Store
  48. 48. 48 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U MicroExperiment Report/Present Analyse
  49. 49. 49 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U MicroExperiment Descriptive notebook
  50. 50. 50 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U MicroExperiment Analysis notebook
  51. 51. 51 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U MicroExperiment  The Main Outcomes  Production of good quality educational material potentially useful for future developments at Physiscope  Power of ready-to-go services for data treatment and sharing  Physics and computer science in education: The outreach activities often focus on the physics phenomena and do not consider the technological tools that scientists use to understand them. This is crucial for “Up to University students”!
  52. 52. 52 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Physiscope + Up2U  How Physiscope could benefit from Up2U services After an ordinary visit, interested classes could have access to the Up2U platform Access to data, informatics tools, and analysis templates Sharing of scientific materials with other schools and outreach institutions
  53. 53. 53 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Scienscope + Up2U  In 2018 different “scopes” will be officially grouped in a unique institution  The Up2U platform would be an interesting opportunity to improve their activities and the scientific dialog among them and with other research centers
  54. 54. Conclusions
  55. 55. 55 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Conclusions  Integration of existing CERN tools & services into Up2U platform  Contribution to the development of services for physics users at CERN  Positive collaborations across CERN groups and departments  EP-SFT, IT-CM, IR-ECO, Open Data initiatives, …  Up2U MicroExperiment produced very encouraging results  Valuable educational materials as interactive notebooks  Good basis for future collaborations with University of Geneva and Outreach programmes at CERN  Thanks to the colleagues who helped in preparing the MicroExperiment! https://twitter.com/i/moments/894136600254349313 Up To University
  56. 56. 56 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Future Directions  Piloting Up2Universe to candidate schools  User feedback will drive the evolution of the platform  Collaborations within CERN on Outreach and Education  Concrete use cases driven by existing outreach activities  Intersection between Up2U and, e.g., S’CoolLab and teacher programmes  Collaboration with UniGE Physiscope  Potential users of Up2U services  Allow visitors to access additional resources after their session
  57. 57. Cloud Services for Education Up2University Project at CERN-IT and UniGE Physiscope Margherita Boselli (University of Geneva) Enrico Bocchi (CERN, IT-ST) Jakub T. Mościcki (CERN, IT-ST)
  58. 58. Backup Slides
  59. 59. 60 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U Working Packages 60
  60. 60. 61 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Up2U Working Packages 61 • Interaction with science lab • Educational materials with scientific content • Up2U MicroExperiment: Student summer apprenticeship WP5 • CERNBox – File Sync&Share • Open Cloud Mesh (OCM) – Federation of cloud storage spaces • SWAN – Jupyter Notebooks WP3
  61. 61. 62 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Open Data for Education
  62. 62. 63 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Open Data for Education
  63. 63. 64 Outline Up2U Introduction Technology Physiscope Conclusions Cloud Services for Synchronisation and Sharing – CS3 2014 - CERN 2016 – ETH Zurich 2017 - SURFsara 2018 - Cyfronet
  • Up2Universe

    Jan. 17, 2019

This presentation at CERN during the IT Technical Forum on 24 Nov 2017 highlighted the achievement of the Up2University Project (https://up2university.eu/, funded under the EC Call ICT-22-2016: Technologies for Learning and Skills), which aims at bridging the gap between secondary schools, higher education, and the research domain adopting learning technology and methodology to let high school students use the very same tools & services used by real researchers doing Big Science at CERN. In order to provide concrete example of CERN core technologies running in containers, the Up2U cloud based education services have been ported to the HNSciCloud prototype systems provided by T-Systems and IBM.

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