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PPT on Lathe machine

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PPT on Lathe machine

  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • A lathe is a machine tool which rotates the workpiece on its axis to perform various operations such as cutting, sanding, knurling, drilling, or deformation, facing, turning, with tools that are applied to the workpiece to create an object which has symmetry about an axis of rotation. Lathes are used in woodturning, metalworking, metal spinning, Thermal spraying/ parts reclamation, and glass-working. Lathes can be used to shape pottery, the best-known design being the potter's wheel.
  4. 4. WORKING PRINCIPLE • The lathe is a machine tool which holds the workpiece between two rigid and strong supports called centers or in a chuck or face plate which revolves. The cutting tool is rigidly held and supported in a tool post which is fed against the revolving work. The normal cutting operations are performed with the cutting tool fed either parallel or at right angles to the axis of the work. • The cutting tool may also be fed at an angle relative to the axis of work for machining tapers and angles.
  5. 5. COMPONENTS OF LATHE MACHINE • Bed • Legs • Headstock • Gear Box • Carriage • Tail Stock
  6. 6. BED • The bed is a heavy, rugged casting in which are mounted the working parts of the lathe. It carries the headstock and tail stock for supporting the workpiece and provides a base for the movement of carriage assembly which carries the tool.
  7. 7. HEADSTOCK • The headstock is clamped on the left hand side of the bed and it serves as housing for the driving pulleys, back gears, headstock spindle, live centre and the feed reverse gear. The headstock spindle is a hollow cylindrical shaft that provides a drive from the motor to work holding devices.
  8. 8. LEGS • The legs carry the entire load of machine and are firmly secured to floor by foundation bolts.
  9. 9. GEAR BOX • The quick-change gear-box is placed below the headstock and contains a number of different sized gears
  10. 10. MACHINING PROPERTIES • FEED: The distance by which the tool advanced between two consecutive cuts. • Depth Of cut : The advancement of the tool into workpiece in transverse direction. • Cutting Speed: The speed at which the spindle is rotating and machining is being done.