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Research into similar genre’s - Latin

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Research into similar genre’s - Latin

  1. 1.  This PowerPoint is to show my research into the music genre i have decided to do for my as-level coursework. in this i have thoroughly explained my genre which is Latin. I have chosen to do the Latin genre because it stands out to me, it has a different beat and its very romantic. furthermore by doing research i have realized its a rare genre people choose to do for a music magazine hence another reason i want to do this genre.
  2. 2. The element in Moorish, African & Caribbean music that many find distinctive is its rhymes are derived Moorish and other Africans via the slave trade. Some slaves were forbidden from playing drums, the Caribbean slaves were liberally allowed to play their drums, which of course were not only for recreation and entertainment, but used as means of communication. these were considered talking drums, carrying current, as well as timeless messages; message of history, struggle and unspeakable joy. All this was accomplished through the replaying of these traditional Moorish and African rhythms, sung on drums. During the 18th and 19th century these rhythms spread, developed and canonized throughout the Caribbean, around the same time that another African art was beginning its conception. The north America art form was also going to contain a rich cultural mix
  3. 3.  Every country and every island in the Caribbean developed its own unique musical culture, be it folk idioms or a national conservatory styles. Four countries, namely Cuba, Brazil, Argentina, and Mexico have had the most significant influences on music in the United States (Cuba having the most enduring). These influences included Latin rhythms and/or dances that infatuated the United States. As these rhythmic structures and their dances canonized, they began effecting music making everywhere, from the concert hall, to the New Orleans Street parade, to Broadway and Tin Pan Alley.
  4. 4.  Latin music is a popular art form developed in various Latin American countries, mainly Cuba, and is unique for the type of rhythmic structures it builds upon. It is vocal and instrumental music, originally derived from African religious ceremonies, however viewed today primarily as dance music. Its strongest characteristic, however, is its rhythm, which is highly syncopated. It is traditionally played by native percussion and string instruments, namely the timbales, congas, bongo, guitar, and the nine-string Cuban guitar. Over time, the piano replaced the guitar as the choral instrument, while the bass, woodwinds, trumpets and trombones were added to play melodies and riffs (repetitions of sound). Most Latin music is based on a rhythmic pattern known as the clave. Clave is the basic building block of all Cuban music. Latin music generally uses a three form with (1) a long introductory verse, followed (2) by a montuno section where the band plays a vamp (a two- or three chord progression), building intensity with devices like the mambo (where members of the front line play contrasting riffs) before (3) returning back to the verse and closing out the selection. Some important characteristics of Latin music are:
  5. 5.    Clave: a syncopated rhythmic pattern played with two sticks, around which everything in the band revolves. Call And Response Inspiraciones: a musical exchange between two voices inspirations, improvised phrase by lead vocalist or instrumentalist. Bajo-Tumbao-bass: repeated rhythmic pattern for the bass or conga based on the clave.
  6. 6. Don Omar Shakira Pitbull Enrique Iglesia
  7. 7. Many of the subgenres of Latin music are identifiable by the dance step(s) involved, and therefore from the basic rhythmic pattern(s) involved. Some of those would be:             Tango Bossa Nova Samba reggaeton Salsa Rhumba Mambo Cha Cha Cha Meringue Baion Bolero Beguine
  8. 8. Latin American music is wide and has a number of different characteristics. This genre includes music from all the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. Spanish and music from Portugal have very strong ties to this music as well. The music that falls under this genre is unified mainly by language, with various different styles originating from the many countries and cultures that make up Latin America and the Caribbean.  Language:This is the one characteristic that is shared among nearly all Latin American musical styles. Spanish and Portuguese are the two main languages found in the majority of this music, though Spanish-based Creole is also used in some music coming out of Haiti.  African Rhythm:African music has a distinct rhythmic sound that is a major influence on many Latin American styles of music. Those included are the DominicanMerengue, Bomba, Cuban Rumba, Puerto Rican Salsa, and the Columbian Cumbia.  Spanish Decima:The Spanish decima is a song form that consists of 10 lines, each with eight syllables in them. This is a characteristic of more traditional Latin American music, though it is still seen in some of the modern pop music in the genre today.
  9. 9. Syncopation Syncopation is another major characteristic found in Latin American music. This is a musical style where weak rhythmic beats are accented instead of strong ones.  Call and Response The call and response characteristic of African music also has transferred over to Latin American music. This is where two or more musical parts go back and forth in response to each other. These can either be rhythmic beats or song lyrics 
  10. 10. Conga The conga is a single-headed hand drum that has its roots in Cuba. Congas usually come in sets of two, with each drum tuned to a different pitch. This gives the drums a musical overtone as well as a rhythmic beat. Depending on where the drum head is struck and what part of the hand is used, a multitude of sounds can be created. Some of the most famous conga players are Desi Arnaz and Jack Costanzo, both of whom were in their prime in the mid-20th century.  Pandeiro The pandeiro is one of the most popular percussive instruments in Brazilian music, particularly samba and capoeira. It is similar to a tambourine in that it is a hand-held drum-skin with mini cymbals around the side. The pandeiro can be tuned, however, which unlike the congas, makes it more musical and certainly more versatile. The pandeiro can be played in a number of ways, from using just one's finger tips to the entire palm.  Güiro The güiro is a hand-held instrument that is played somewhat like a washboard. The güiro itself is a hollowed out cylindrical piece of wood or metal with several grooves running horizontally down the side. The player holds the güiro in one hand and, with a stick, scrapes along the instrument, creating a rattling sound. It can also be struck with the stick, which creates a sound that is amplified by the hollow device. Although the güiro originated in Cuba, it can be heard in the background of music from numerous Latin American countries. 
  11. 11. List Of Latin American Percussion Instruments:- #2 Timbale Similar to the conga, the timbale is a single-headed drum, usually played in pairs, raised on stands. The timbale drum is much more shallow than the conga, however, and has metal rims. The drum-heads themselves are also tuned very high, which creates a more resonant, bell-like tone. Timbales are usually played with sticks, which can be used to strike the head or as a rim-shot on the metal casing. These are essential percussive instruments in Latin American genres, such as salsa, mambo and meringue.  Clave The clave is one of the simplest yet most distinct of all Latin American percussion instruments. It is merely a hand-held wooden block, roughly the size of a large cigar. Two claves are struck together to create the sound. The instrument even has a particular rhythm named after it, which is most commonly found in Cuban music.  Maracas While claves may be the most simply built Latin American percussion instruments, the maracas are among the simplest to play. They always come in pairs and are made up of a handle topped with a hollowed-out shell filled with dried seeds. The result, when the maracas are shaken, is the sound of a rattle. These instruments have their roots in many countries, from Puerto Rico to Venezuela. Although they are distinctly Latin American, maracas have become popular around the world as back-up percussion instruments. 
  12. 12. Shakira: hips dont lie  Don omar: dale don dale  Enrique iglesia: bailamos!/search/song?q=E nrique%20Iglesias%20Bailamos  Shakira ft pitbul: rabiosa 