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Програмно-цільове бюджетування – шлях до створення інтегрованої соціальної моделі людського розвитку

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Артур Айвазов – Керівник секції соціальної політики Представництва дитячого Фонду ООН (ЮНІСЕФ) в Україні
Performance Program Budgeting: The Road to Creating an Integrated Social Model of Human Development
Artur Aivazov, Head, Social Policy Section, Ukraine Office, United Nations International Emergency Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

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Програмно-цільове бюджетування – шлях до створення інтегрованої соціальної моделі людського розвитку

  1. 1. TOWARDS INTEGRATED SOCIAL PROTECTION IN THE CONEXT OF ONGOING DECENTRALIZATION IN UKRAINE ….THE MISSING ELEMENT SOCIAL POLICY SPECIALIST UNICEF UKRAINE
  2. 2. Content PART 1. 1.1 Short overview of the existing system of SP 1.2 Existing challenges and priorities 1.3 Decentralization as a risk and opportunity for Social Protection PART 2. Meta-model of Integrated Social Protection 2.1 Principles of ISP 2.2 Key elements of ISP 2.3 Expected results PART 3. How to make it happen. Change management 3.1 Application of the model in 35 consolidated municipalities 3.2 Design of the functional-structural model of ISP 3.3 Reform architecture and major risks
  3. 3. 1.1 Short overview of the existing system of SP • “INHERITED” SOCIAL PROTECTION (PENSIONS; INSTITUTIONAL CARE; HEALTH BASED APPROACH TO DISABILITY) – NEVER REACHED THE BASIC LEVEL I.E. COMMUNITY • “EMERGENCE” OF ADMINISTRATIVE AND NORMATIVE SOCIAL PROTECTION – POVERTY,EMPLOYEMENT – BASED ON THE RECOGNITION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR THE CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF POPULATION • “FRAGMENTED INTRODUCTION” OF MODERN ELEMENTS OF SOCIAL AND CHILD PROTECTION SUCH AS SOCIAL WORK; FOSTER CARE; ETC. …SYSTEM HAS BEEN ALWAYS “POLITICALLY” MOTIVATED ESPECIALLY DURING PRE-ELECTION TIMES Privileges Benefits 120 types 60 types Beneficiaries 130 categories 70 by social attributes 50 by professional attributes
  4. 4. 1.2 Existing challenges and priorities SYSTEM IS COMPLEX BUT IT FUNCTIONS, DEMONSTRATES PROGRESS AND DELIVERES RESULTS EVEN IN COMPLEX SITUATIONS BUT….. • AT PRESENT, UKRANIAN SOCIAL PROTECTION MOSTLY RE-DISTRIBUTES THE INCOME. • FOR ANY PROBLEM IT HAS BEEN OFERING EITHER MONEY AND OFTEN ‘IRRATIONAL PRIVILIDGES ’OR ‘UNCLEAR’ CONCEPT OF SERVICES THAT ‘GOD KNOWS WHY’ NEED TO BE HEAVILY STANDARTIZED. • NOT A SINGLE EVALUATED PROGRAMME - Old (accumulated) challenges in the new environment - New challenges - Pension imbalance - Efficiency of cash transfers including subsidies - Privileges - Service network - Unified databases …system of SP in Ukraine is diverse
  5. 5. 1.3 Decentralization as a risk and opportunity for SP • EFFECTIVE AND EFFECIENT SOCIAL PROTECTION IS A MATTER OF NATIONAL SECURITY, PROGRESSIVE REALIZATION OF RIGHTS, FIGHTING WITH POVERTY AND RESPONDING TO EXISTING CHALLENGES • SUCCESS OF DECENTRALIZATION REFORMS GREATLY DEPEND ON THE COMBINED EFFORTS IN SOCIAL PROTECTION (RISK OF CREATION OF UNHAPPY AND DISTRACTIVE “OUTSKIRTS” INSTEAD OF STRONG LOCAL GOVERNMENTS); • THE SUCCESS IN OTHER SOCIAL SECTORS (HEALTH AND EDUCATION) AND ECONOMIC SECTORS CAN BE ACCELERATED THROUGH SOCIAL PROTECTION – SUPPLEMENTARITY EFFECT
  6. 6. 2.1 WHAT ARE WE PROPOSING? FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF SOCIAL WELFARE • SOLIDARITY • SUBSIDIARITY • INTEGRATION • EQUITY • GOOD GOVERNANCE • INCLUSION If “social” is anything related to interpersonal relationships, it can not be built on individualism or math based formulae….on the contrary it should assume solidarity among all players involved in social relationship. The word “subsidiarity” comes from the latin “subsidium afferre” that means "to help". But “to help” in a very particular way …Empower the autonomy and potential capacities of beneficiaries, undertaking only those initiatives which exceed the capacity of individuals or private groups acting independently
  7. 7. 2.2 ELEMENTS OF INTEGRATED SOCIAL PROTECTION (META-MODEL) INTEGRATION AT INDIVIDUAL LEVEL THROUGH CASE MANAGEMENT INTEGRATION AT SERVICE LEVEL THROUGH SUB-NATIONAL SOCIAL PLANNING AND INSTITUTIONAL COOPERATION INTEGRATION AT PUBLIC FINANCE MANAGEMENT LEVEL THROUGH RESPECTIVE DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS AND INSTRUMENTS INTEGRATION AT THE LEVEL OF DATA MANAGEMENT (STATISTICS, ADMINISTRATIVE DATA) INTEGRATION AT THE LEVEL OF POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES WITHIN AND BEYOND SOCIAL PROTECTION (CASH TRANSFERS, EMPLOYEMENT GENERATION) INTEGRATION AT PHYSICAL LEVEL (“ONE WINDOW OR ‘THERE IS NO WRONG DOOR’”) IS ISP a so called ‘A CASH PLUS i.e services’ or it is something more
  8. 8. 2.3 Expected results • Case managers will allow to integrate services from the bottom • Local social plans will allow to design integrated local projects/initiatives based on local priorities and needs - General services; - Specialized services; - Municipal/Inter-municipal; outsourced; with or without infrastructure; - Reactive/preventive/transfo rmative • Protocols of cooperation and referral procedures will allow to timely address problems at the very early stage Typical Population groups (vulnerability/need/crisis) Families living below poverty line (including unemployed individuals and isolated individuals) Children primarily those at risk of institutionalization Youth including MARA People with disability (including children) Elderly IDPs (integration and social cohesion) Veterans of ATO Former prisoners Other excluded and marginalized groups (drug users; HIV/AIDs; Roma) Health Education Social Protectio n    
  9. 9. 3.1 Application of the model in 35 consolidated municipalities • Key aspects - Capacity and knowledge/data generation - Strengthening social work and case management - Exchange of experience (e.g. Vinnitsa, Odessa, Uman, etc) - Design of local social plans/projects as well as horizontal protocols - Documenting and extending the good practice to other consolidated municipalities
  10. 10. 3.2 Design of the functional-structural model of ISP • Function revision of the MoSP – policy/M&E and oversight/administrative service coordination – through a centralized agency/ • Functional revision between central/regional and municipal level – ‘Not based on the existing institutions’!!! • Transition from institutions and services to functions…… - e.g. Pension as a major function of Social Policy with strong administrative service role; - e.g. role of the school and other educational institutions as a primary carrier of social function (shortcoming of the optimization); - e.g. role of the SP in health – transition from vertical to horizontal system; what about insurance schemes? - e.g. transition from input based budgeting to performance and result based – ‘cost center dilemma’ – flexible budget schemes
  11. 11. 3.3 Reform architecture and major risks • STAGE 1: Innovation • STAGE 2: Technology • STAGE 3: Tradition • Macro-economic stability (certain budget rules!!!) • Ongoing sectoral reforms (health, education) – overload??? • Decentralization • Right sequencing • Coordination among development agencies • Role of the Office of reforms • Communication and critical mass of supporters
  12. 12. Thank you for the attention

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