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4 ayodele adenitan survey of dried plantain (musa paradisiaca) chips processors in some parts of ondo sta

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4 ayodele adenitan survey of dried plantain (musa paradisiaca) chips processors in some parts of ondo sta

  1. 1. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org SURVEY OF DRIED PLANTAIN (Musa paradisiaca) CHIPS PROCESSORS IN SOME PARTS OF ONDO STATE, NIGERIA. BY Adenitan, Ayodele A., Awoyale, Wasiu, Akinwande B.A., & Busie Maziya-Dixon
  2. 2. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org •Background of the study •Materials and Method •Results •Conclusions •Recommendation •Selected Reference 2 Presentation Outline
  3. 3. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org •Plantain (Musa paradisiaca) is a tropical fruit and a staple crop in Central and West Africa (Akinsanmi et al., 2015) • A dietary staple food due to its versatility and good nutritional value (Abioye et al., 2011) •Rich in minerals and vitamins (Adeniji et al., 2007), •Mature fruits (ripe or unripe) are consumed boiled, steamed, baked, pounded, roasted, etc 3 Background Information
  4. 4. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org •The unripe plantain has been recommended as a good diet for diabetic patients (Eleazau et al., 2010). •Mature unripe plantain is usually processed into dried chips by sun drying •Sun drying is a traditional method for food preservation •The chips that are produced in Nigeria may be blanched for consumption after preparation (Amusa, 2001) 4
  5. 5. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org •Objectives •The main objectives of this study seeks to gather baseline information on the current processing practices of plantain chips in selected area of Ondo State •Achieved through the following; •Socio and demographic characteristics of the processors •Current processing practices and constraints faced by the processors in the study area 5
  6. 6. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Methods •Survey •2 LGAs in Ondo State (Akure South and Idanre) •10 towns/villages in Akure South and Idanre LGAs •Random sampling method was used •100 processors was interviewed •A well structured questionnaire was used to collect data 6
  7. 7. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org 7 Mature unripe plantains sorting Cleaning Peeling Slicing Drying (Open sun) Figure 1: Flow chart for the production of plantain chips Cooling Packaging Plantain chips
  8. 8. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Drying platform of the processors 8
  9. 9. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org 9
  10. 10. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Picture of a processor 10
  11. 11. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Package for sale 11
  12. 12. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Data Analysis •Use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS-version 21) •Descriptive Analysis 12
  13. 13. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Results The socio-demographic characteristics of the processors 13 3 25 40 32 8 92 0 90 1 9 32 58 2 8 55 45 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 FREQUENCY(%)
  14. 14. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Results The Perception of the processors 14 9 36 28 8 19 74 24 2 1 2 10 36 24 22 5 40 17 43 21 2 77 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 FREQUENCY(%)
  15. 15. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Preservative used by some of the processors 15
  16. 16. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Results The Constraints faced by the processors 16 91 91 14 18 8 40 1 1 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Time consuming and laborious Tedious when peeling and drying Insects and weevil infestation during storage Transportation from farm to processing point Staying close to the drying place to make sure animals don’t contaminant it Causes weakness to the body Takes several days to dried during rainy season Weather condition FREQUENCY(%)
  17. 17. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Conclusion • Drying of the plantain chips for 6 - 7 days and the use of force toxin as preservative may affect the quality and safety of the product • findings made from this research can be useful to control product quality and safety 17
  18. 18. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Recommendation The menace of contamination during drying by animals needs to be addressed and use of toxic substance (force toxin) as preservative desire intervention to control product quality and safety 18
  19. 19. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Selected References • Abioye, V.F., Ade-Omowaye, B.I.O., Babarinde G.O., and Adesigbin, M.K. (2011).Chemical, physico-chemical and sensory properties of soy-plantain flour. African J. of Fd. Sc. 5(4): 176 – 180. • Adeniji, T.A., Sanni, L.O., Barimalaa, L.S. and Hart, A.D. (2006). “Determination of Micronutrients and Colour Variability among New Plantain and Banana Hybrid Flour”, World J. Chem. 1(1), 23-27. • Akinsanmi, A.O., Oboh, G., Akinyemi, J.A. and Adefegha, A.S. (2015). Assessment of the Nutritional, Antinutritional and Antioxidant capacity of unripe, ripe, and overripe plantain (Musa parasidiaca) peels. International journal of Advanced Research. 3:2, 63-72. • Amusa, N.A., Kehinde, I.A. and Ashaye, O.A. (2002). Biodeterioration of breadfruit (Artocarpus communis) in storage and its effects on the nutrient composition. Africa Journal Biotechnology. 1(2): 57-60. • Eleazu, C.O., Okafor, P.N. and Ahamefuna, I. (2010). Total antioxidant capacity, nutritional composition and inhibitory activity of unripe plantain (Musa paradisiaca) on oxidative stress in alloxan induced diabetic rabbits. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 9(11): 1052–1057. 19
  20. 20. IITA is a member of the CGIAR System Organization. www.iita.org | www.cgiar.org Thank You for Listening 20

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