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www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
Climate smart intensification for coffee and
cocoa
Richard Asare, Laurence Jassog...
Climate smart intensification for coffee and cocoa
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
2
Richard Asare, Laurence Jass...
Introduction
• Coffee and cocoa contribute significantly to national economies in East and West Africa
• Millions of small...
Year 2050
- 134kg/ha
Equivalent to
- 60million USD
Of foreign export earnings per
annum
Climate change already has an impa...
Climate change has an impact on cocoa and coffee
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
Cope Adjust Transform
Plant Existing high
yielding varieties
Fertilizers
Drought resistant
varieties, insects
New crops eg...
Plant level
Cocoa and coffee:
• Germplasm
• Insects (Mirids)
• Foliar analysis
• Compositional nutrient diagnosis (CND)
• ...
Field level
Shade trees in cocoa
Canopy cover and yield of cocoa
(triangles=with fertilizer,
crosses=without fertilizer) i...
Field level
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
Species # Mean
DBH
Mean
CA
Equation r2
Albizia adianthifolia 11 0.34 ...
Field level
Decision support tool for coffee and cocoa
10
10www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
Livelihood level
Which farmers should we target for cocoa and coffee intensification?
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consor...
Livelihood level
Support tools based on decision tree to target farmers
ENVIRONMENT
RESOURCES
AMBITION/ATTITUDES
ORIENTATI...
Landscape/community level
Intensification for conserving the forest in the Congo basin – MITIGATING CLIMATE CHANGE AT
LAND...
Landscape/community level
Using cocoa agroforestry for forest connectivity in Ghana: Asare et al. (2014)
www.iita.orgA mem...
Markets and value chains
• Scaling of CSA through existing training networks
• Farmer Field Schools
certification Finance ...
Policy level
• Across scales: National – district – local
• Multi-stakeholder platforms – including private sector
• This ...
Me da mo ase!
Thank you! Merci! Asante! Webale! Dank u wel! Danke! Gracias!
- PhD and MSc students
- IITA: Piet van Asten,...
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Climate smart intensification for coffee and cocoa

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Presentation during IITA R4D week 2015 (23 - 27 Nov. 2015). By: Richard Asare, Laurence Jassogne, Piet van Asten, Sander Muilerman

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Climate smart intensification for coffee and cocoa

  1. 1. www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Climate smart intensification for coffee and cocoa Richard Asare, Laurence Jassogne, Piet van Asten, Sander Muilerman 24th November 2015 (R4D Week 2015)
  2. 2. Climate smart intensification for coffee and cocoa www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium 2 Richard Asare, Laurence Jassogne, Piet van Asten, Sander Muilerman Presentation at R4D Week 23-27 November 2015, Ibadan Nigeria
  3. 3. Introduction • Coffee and cocoa contribute significantly to national economies in East and West Africa • Millions of smallholder livelihoods depend on these crops for cash • These crops have been used, accused and refused, e.g. cocoa Objective: Identifying constraints and opportunities for climate smart intensification of coffee and cocoa in East and West Africa respectively www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
  4. 4. Year 2050 - 134kg/ha Equivalent to - 60million USD Of foreign export earnings per annum Climate change already has an impact on coffee: example of Tanzania Craparo et al. 2015www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Craparo et al., 2015
  5. 5. Climate change has an impact on cocoa and coffee www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
  6. 6. Cope Adjust Transform Plant Existing high yielding varieties Fertilizers Drought resistant varieties, insects New crops eg. cashew Field Shade trees GAP Irrigation New shade trees GAP for new crops Farm/livelihood Farm: Management of biomass Livelihood: gender, youth, targeting On-farm and off- farm diversification Targeting farmers based on new introduced crops Community/Lan dscape Self-help teams Erosion control Use of community land in times of crisis Trainings/FFS for new crops Markets/value chains Certification trainings Financial services to diversify Financial services to introduce new crops Markets for new crops Policy Multi-actor and multi-level platforms Participatory planning Systems framework www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
  7. 7. Plant level Cocoa and coffee: • Germplasm • Insects (Mirids) • Foliar analysis • Compositional nutrient diagnosis (CND) • Soil analysis • Fertilizer recommendations Cote d’Ivoire Uganda www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
  8. 8. Field level Shade trees in cocoa Canopy cover and yield of cocoa (triangles=with fertilizer, crosses=without fertilizer) in Atwima Nwabiagya, Amansie West, Wassa Amenfi West and Sefwi Wiawso. The lines show the model predictions (full lines=with fertilizer, dashed line=without fertilizer). These model lines are drawn inside the range of the canopy cover in the four districts and two fertilizer regimens, but for visualization extended around cover=0% for the subplots without shade www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
  9. 9. Field level www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Species # Mean DBH Mean CA Equation r2 Albizia adianthifolia 11 0.34 95.77 CA=273.47*dbh1.02 0.42 Albizia ferruginea 11 0.43 74.57 CA=140.02*dbh0.76 0.45 Amphimas pterocarpoides 24 0.34 48.09 CA=135.21*dbh1.12 0.66 Anthocleista nobilis 10 0.39 29.45 CA=129.83*dbh1.94 0.73 Bombax buonopozense 33 0.72 107.76 CA=137.03*dbh1.13 0.43 Ceiba pentandra 19 0.95 151.82 CA=131.43*dbh1.24 0.74 Cola nitida 26 0.35 48.11 CA=167.08*dbh1.32 0.63 Ficus capensis 11 0.49 85.13 CA=152.32*dbh0.96 0.62 Lannea welwitschii 17 0.36 70.54 CA=182.51*dbh1.18 0.48 Morinda lucida 49 0.33 38.38 CA=160.13*dbh1.52 0.61 Petersianthus macrocarpus 13 0.62 49.65 CA=76.07*dbbh0.79 0.57 Pterygota macrocarpa 10 0.82 112.88 CA=124.41*dbh0.63 0.58 Rauvolfia vomitoria 14 0.16 28.64 CA=387.11*dbh1.44 0.55 Spathodea campanulata 27 0.39 41.25 CA=199.10*dbh1.30 0.65 Sterculia tragacantha 33 0.31 46.00 CA=202.99*dbh1.32 0.67 Triplochiton scleroxylon 18 0.68 84.82 CA=104.76*dbh0.79 0.68 Relationship between CA and DBH of frequently used shade tree species in Ashanti and Western regions of Ghana: (Asare & Raebild 2015)
  10. 10. Field level Decision support tool for coffee and cocoa 10 10www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
  11. 11. Livelihood level Which farmers should we target for cocoa and coffee intensification? www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
  12. 12. Livelihood level Support tools based on decision tree to target farmers ENVIRONMENT RESOURCES AMBITION/ATTITUDES ORIENTATION Cope Adjust Transform Land Labor Capital Market Subsistence CSA matching tool Recommendations for CSA Pessimist Optimist Pragmatist Trapped www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
  13. 13. Landscape/community level Intensification for conserving the forest in the Congo basin – MITIGATING CLIMATE CHANGE AT LANDCAPE LEVEL www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
  14. 14. Landscape/community level Using cocoa agroforestry for forest connectivity in Ghana: Asare et al. (2014) www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
  15. 15. Markets and value chains • Scaling of CSA through existing training networks • Farmer Field Schools certification Finance Development www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
  16. 16. Policy level • Across scales: National – district – local • Multi-stakeholder platforms – including private sector • This (flexible) PROCESS is a journey not a destination www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
  17. 17. Me da mo ase! Thank you! Merci! Asante! Webale! Dank u wel! Danke! Gracias! - PhD and MSc students - IITA: Piet van Asten, Edidah Ampaire, Herbert Ainembabazi, Richard Asare, Ranjana Bhattacharjee, Stefan Hauser, Sander Muilerman, Els Lecoutere, Franco Magnet, David Mukasa - CIAT: Peter Laderach, Mark Lundy - ICRAF/CIRAD: Philippe Vaast - University of Goettingen: Sophie Graefe and Anthony Withbread - WUR: Ken Giller, Pablo Titonnell, Walter Rossing, Johannes Scholberg - University of Copenhagen: Anders Raebild, Andreas de Neergaard - KUL: Roel Merckx - NaCORI: Godfrey Kagezi, Wilberforce Wododa - TACRi: Prof. Teri, Mr. Maro and Mrs. Suzana Mmbwambo - CRIG: Dr. Kwapong - HRNS: Stefan Cognini, David, Fortunate Paska, Ghislaine Bongers, Britta Deutsch - Agro-Eco: Boudewijn van Elzakker, Willem-Albert Toose - Root Capital: Frank Hicks, Benjamin Schmerler, - Rainforest Alliance: Christian Mensah, Martin Noponen www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium

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