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Exploring patterns in child nutrition and livestock ownership in East Africa

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Presented by Catherine Pfeifer, Paula Dominguez-Salas, Isabelle Baltenweck and Steve Staal at the Workshop on Agriculture, Nutrition and Health (ANH) Academy Week, Accra, 25-29 June 2018

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Exploring patterns in child nutrition and livestock ownership in East Africa

  1. 1. Exploring patterns in child nutrition and livestock ownership in East Africa Catherine Pfeifer, Paula Dominguez-Salas, Isabelle Baltenweck and Steve Staal ILRI Agriculture, Nutrition and Health (ANH) Academy Week, Accra, 25-29 June 2018
  2. 2. Nutrition and livestock in the developing world Smallholder production systems Malnutri tion Animal sourced food intake Income
  3. 3. Multi-scale approach to child diet outcome in relation to livestock Household Regional / wider economy Child diet outcome: Animal source food intake & diversity Livestock Mother/Child
  4. 4. Multi-scale approach to child diet outcome in relation to livestock Household Regional / wider economy Child diet outcome: Animal source food intake & diversity Livestock Mother/Child
  5. 5. Individual data 1. 24h diet recall (child 1-5 years) 2. Mother characteristics 3. Household characteristics (livestock ownership) 4. GPS coordinates Geographical data 1. Dairy production system 2. Agroecology : Fourier decomposed NDVI/ temperature 3. Season : K-means rainfall classification 4. Market access DHS enhanced dataset - - - - - - - - - - - - GPS Geo-data
  6. 6. Models fitted for child ASF intake 𝑑𝑖𝑒𝑡 𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 = 𝑓(𝑙𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑜𝑐𝑘, 𝐻𝐻𝑐, 𝑀𝑐, 𝑔𝑒𝑜, 𝑠𝑒𝑎𝑠𝑜𝑛) Direct link livestock-ASF milk Dairy producing area Non-dairy producting area eggs Diet diversity Indirect link, livestock- income ? probit Truncated Poisson
  7. 7. Results : What did we learn ? • Women’s decision making power is not significant • Decrease milk intake non-diary area • Children in poor HH get more milk in dairy area • Less ASF intake in wet season 1.Livestock ownership increase ASF intake Children in richer HH get more eggs and have a more diverse diet 1.Children with older and better educated mothers have better diets. 1.Market access increase on eggs intake and diet diversity.
  8. 8. Policy implication to improve diets in East Africa - +
  9. 9. This presentation is licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence. better lives through livestock ilri.org ILRI thanks all donors and organizations who globally supported its work through their contributions to the CGIAR system

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