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Assessment of Animal Health Services
NOT FOR CITATION
Introduction
• Animal Health Services in the country are still mainly
dominated by government services (esp. in LGAs)
• Bu...
Assessment of Animal Health Services
• Objectives;
o Analyse disease impacts on livestock production
based on social and e...
Methodology of Animal Health
Evaluation: the LSIPT kit
• A panel comprising of a multidisciplinary experts (from
MALF, SUA...
methodology ……….
• Based on OIE list, adjusted a pre-given list of the existing
animal diseases (TADs, ZDs and VPDs) in Ta...
RESULTS: Main species specific diseases
(in decreasing importance)
Cattle Goats and
Sheep
Pigs Horses Indig.
Poultry
Rift ...
results…… Diseases ranked in descending order of
Impact to HHD Assets and Intensification
Diseases ranking based on
impact...
results…… Inventory of Animal Health Services
 Professional staff – in the country has 740
qualified Veterinarians (14 at...
0.0000
0.2000
0.4000
0.6000
0.8000
1.0000
1.2000
FMD ASF CBPP ND PPR CCPP ECF IBD
TADs Situation analysis, 2015
central zo...
Control of TADs and VPDs, 2015
Veterinary Services
Technically
efficient
Veterinary Services
Technically Weak
TADs Severity in Different Production Zones
In Central (LG) Zone
o The animal morbidity and
mortality almost have the same...
Out of 2,414 dips, only 1010 (41.84%) are functional, dipping is 1%
showing serious under coverage (geographical, numbers ...
Technical Challenges of Vet Services
o high mortality and poor production is common,
mainly due to widespread diseases and...
CONCLUSIONS:
•Over 30 TADs and ZDs noted in all production
zones; occurs at different incidence rates,
causing variably hi...
Animal Health Strategies
• reduce high mortality and morbidity rates by improving
AHS delivery of public goods to reduce c...
animal health strategies….
 DVS to lead the design and implementation of a risk based
National Animal Health Strategic Pl...
thanks
Tanzania Livestock Sector Analysis (LSA): Assessment of animal health services
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Tanzania Livestock Sector Analysis (LSA): Assessment of animal health services

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Presented by Hassan Ally Mruttu and Maziku M.D at the Tanzania Livestock Master Plan Technical Advisory Committee Meeting, Dar es Salaam, 23 June 2016

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Tanzania Livestock Sector Analysis (LSA): Assessment of animal health services

  1. 1. Assessment of Animal Health Services NOT FOR CITATION
  2. 2. Introduction • Animal Health Services in the country are still mainly dominated by government services (esp. in LGAs) • But, conventional veterinary services is weak, with low capacity to combat most of major TADs & ZDs due to; • Inadequate budget, logistic problems, • lack of basic veterinary equipment, • shortage of trained manpower • poor veterinary infrastructures • to effectively control/prevent TADs and ZDs amid limited resources, we must evaluate animal health services, assess disease impacts, and prioritize them for ADEQUATE resources allocations to those with greatest impacts
  3. 3. Assessment of Animal Health Services • Objectives; o Analyse disease impacts on livestock production based on social and economic terms. o Characterize animal health system activities that contribute to mitigating the impact of diseases • Analysis of diseases is focused on; o diseases that threatens the households assets o diseases that threatens markets functions o Those that impede the process of intensification
  4. 4. Methodology of Animal Health Evaluation: the LSIPT kit • A panel comprising of a multidisciplinary experts (from MALF, SUA) were consulted and engaged to undertake prioritization of diseases • We used the Excel-based LSIPT Tool Kit – which employ two complementary and successful approaches – qualitative and quantitative approaches; o qualitative approach – based on scores used by a panel of multidisciplinary experts o quantitative – uses quantitative measurements (used secondary data from MALF and ZVCs for 2015), this tool improved the quality of results of qualitative approach
  5. 5. methodology ………. • Based on OIE list, adjusted a pre-given list of the existing animal diseases (TADs, ZDs and VPDs) in Tanzania – by given criteria, evaluate features of listed diseases (reply yes or no); then group them by species, and select a limited list (of 5) for detailed classification • established rating scores (on a 5 point scale ranging from strongly agree (3), Agree (4), Neutral (3), Disagree (2) and Strongly disagree), to explore the three dimensions of impacts for each selected disease then rank them to get 10 focus diseases • Analysed activities of the Vet Services used to reduce impacts of key diseases (drew strengths and weaknesses) • Established inventory of main infrastructures that can be
  6. 6. RESULTS: Main species specific diseases (in decreasing importance) Cattle Goats and Sheep Pigs Horses Indig. Poultry Rift Valley Fever (RVF) Rift Valley Fever (RVF) African Swine Fever (ASF) African Horse Sickness Avian Influenza (HP) Contagious bovine pleuro-pneumonia (CBPP) Contagious caprine pleuro-pneumonia (CCPP) Swine erysipelas Equine infectious anaemia New castle disease (ND) Food and mouth disease (FMD) Peste des petits ruminants Transmissible gastroenteritis (TGE) Glanders Fowl typhoid (S. gallinarum) East Coast Fever Theileriasis (T.parva) Salmonellosis (S. abortus ovis) Porcine mange Equine influenza (Virus type A) Fowl pox Bovine brucellosis (B. abortus) Contagious pustular dermatitis (Orf) Swine ascariosis Contagious equine metritis IBD (Gumboro disease) Trypanosomiasis Caprine and ovine brucellosis (B. melitensis) Porcine brucellosis (B. suis) Dourine Pullorum disease (S. pullorum) Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) Enterotoxaemia Cysticercosis (C. cellulosae) Equine encephalomyelitis Mareck's disease Haemorrhagic septicaemia Foot-rot Swine Trypanosomosis (T. Simiae) Equine piroplasmosis (Babesiosis) Fowl cholera Bovine Tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) Sheep mange Porcine hydatidosis Equine coital exanthema Mycoplasmosis (M. gallisepticum) Bovine malignant catarrhal fever Nairobi sheep disease Trichinellosis Epizootic Iymphangitis Coccidiosis
  7. 7. results…… Diseases ranked in descending order of Impact to HHD Assets and Intensification Diseases ranking based on impact on HHD Assets Disease ranking based on impact on Intensification CBPP FMD RVF RVF CCPP CBPP ASF Salmonellosis (poultry) AHS and Glanders Brucellosis ND ND and IBD PPR ASF IBD and Fowl pox Orf disease VBDs/ECF Erysipelas Erysipelas Glanders  final ranks for animal diseases that affect Markets and Value Chain is waiting inputs from livestock commodity valuations
  8. 8. results…… Inventory of Animal Health Services  Professional staff – in the country has 740 qualified Veterinarians (14 at DVS, 120 LGAs, 20 RAS etc, 79 SUA, 20 CVLs, 12 LITIs etc.) o 402 public, and 338 private Vets (mainly urban) o over 5,000 para-veterinary personnel mostly in the LGAs providing AHS and advisory services o Target para-vets is 17,000 (Gap of 12,000 staff)  Lab diagnostic capacity - except for TVLA, DVS manage 8 ill equipped ZVCs for surveillance, minor diagnosis, sample collection & submission to CVL  TVLA/CVL have capacity to diagnose most endemic diseases, some of emerging viruses/bacteria using Serology, DNA-based Techniques, embryonated chicken eggs (ECE) and mice virus isolation techniques; but it requires renovation, modern diagnostic machines, upgrading to BSL 3 to deal with EPTs
  9. 9. 0.0000 0.2000 0.4000 0.6000 0.8000 1.0000 1.2000 FMD ASF CBPP ND PPR CCPP ECF IBD TADs Situation analysis, 2015 central zone lake/coastal zone highland zone
  10. 10. Control of TADs and VPDs, 2015 Veterinary Services Technically efficient Veterinary Services Technically Weak
  11. 11. TADs Severity in Different Production Zones In Central (LG) Zone o The animal morbidity and mortality almost have the same behaviour; oAs a result, Case Fatality Rate is high .That indicates, there’re few/limited animal health activities in LG/CZ In the Highland Zone: oAnimal Mortalities for all diseases; o The Morbidity and Case Fatality Rates are inversely related o Conclusion - Animal health care are comparatively better than elsewhere.
  12. 12. Out of 2,414 dips, only 1010 (41.84%) are functional, dipping is 1% showing serious under coverage (geographical, numbers of animals and sub-optimal utilization of infrastructures)
  13. 13. Technical Challenges of Vet Services o high mortality and poor production is common, mainly due to widespread diseases and pests o Insufficient capacity for surveillance, diagnostics and vaccinations to control TADs and Zoonotic diseases o Insufficient and or dysfunctional infrastructures for disease control e.g. vet labs, dips, clinics, and facilities o Limited collaborations in animal health services delivery between public and private sector Actors
  14. 14. CONCLUSIONS: •Over 30 TADs and ZDs noted in all production zones; occurs at different incidence rates, causing variably high mortality and production losses; •Weak Vet Services likely contributed to observed high case-fatality rates for reported TADs and VPDs; likely due to inadequate resources (funds, human, logistics) to improve coverage (vaccinations, dipping etc.); •Offset the imbalance of Animal HS delivery towards the Highlands,
  15. 15. Animal Health Strategies • reduce high mortality and morbidity rates by improving AHS delivery of public goods to reduce current high production losses (disease impacts) • design and undertake animal health baseline surveys to bench mark the incidence and map high risk areas for selected priority diseases to facilitate their control. •strengthen surveillance system, control and prevention of notifiable animal diseases (with special emphasis to prioritized TADs and ZDs)
  16. 16. animal health strategies….  DVS to lead the design and implementation of a risk based National Animal Health Strategic Plans (or Program) to improve veterinary services (by training, recruitment of more staff, and Vet Infrastructures) • Upgrade/adopt real-time data capture technology to collect, record and document animal health data to ensure regularity, and reliability of reporting • Improve food safety, certification, staff capacity, inspection standards to fast-track livestock sector commercialization, increase export volumes of quality products •a more active private sector participation defining complementary roles for each, with specific responsibilities to improve and/or maintain the country sanitary status.
  17. 17. thanks

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