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Dairy value chain development based on experiences of IPMS and partners
Dairy value chain development: based on experiences of IPMS and partners Nigatu Alemayehu Presented at the 19th Ethiopian Society of Animal production Annual ConferenceAddis Ababa, Ethiopia, 15-17 December 2011
I n i t i a l diagnosis Market potential of fluid milk production in (peri-)urbanand butter production in rural areas .Huge fluctuation in demand as a result of fasting periods,and in supply due to seasonal availability of feed.Limited knowledge and skills of commercially oriented fluidmilk and butter production systems by value chain actorsand extension servicesWomen were predominantly in charge of butter making andmarketing in the rural areas. Both men and womencontributed to fluid milk production and marketing systemsin (peri-) urban areas,
Most development efforts in the past focus on promotion ofexotic breeds and cooperatives for processing and marketingof milk. Despite these efforts, the percentage of improved dairy typeanimals in the (peri-) urban areas was still very low.Seasonal fodder scarcity (including crop residues) duringboth the dry and wet seasons.Very weak and underdeveloped commercial fodderproduction and marketing systemsAnimal health and AI services were poorly developed,especially in rural areas.Many cooperatives suffered from lack of efficiency,management and marketing skills.
Weak linkages between value chain actors.Poor quality of milk and milk products and non-existence orweak regulatory systems
Value chain DevelopmentAgricultural extension Building skills( public, private and farmers), introducing knowledge, and linking value chain actors to improve the development of the dairy value chain in the selected Woredas. Dairy technology couples training (08 – 09 Feb., 2007)
Knowledge Management Organize Study tour, Field Days, IT based technology promotion, Demonstrations, Platforms
Processing and Market Intervention•Facilitating collective action for marketing andprocessing ( Market link)•Stimulating demand for Dairy products ( Milkday,
Production interventionsFeed development ( Forage, UMB, Straw Treatment)Animal improvement (genetic, health, recording, housing &milk quality etc) 1 2 3Straw treatment foranimal feed 4 5 6Integrate Napiergrass with dairying
Input supply and service provision interventionsForage Seed SupplyFeed Supply (fodder & concentrate)Private AI technicians and bull stationDrug shop and private Animal health service
Bull Service Delivery In Fogera PLW No of Cows Born CalvesBreed type Serviced Conceived Male Female Total Local cows 173 79 33 29 62 Cross-breds 77 66 32 23 55 Total 250 145 65 52 117
AI Service providers in Ada800700600500400300200100 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Public sector Private AI Ada Dairy Coop Private Farmers Technicians
ResultsProduction, productivity and income- Fodder production –bottom land and grazing area. Backyard fodder integrated with livestock commodity Supplementary feeding Animal productivity Household income Input supply and marketing Genetic improvement( private AI, estrus synchronization, ) Animal health service (CAHWS) Forage seed multiplication and sells( private company, farmers and FTCs) Milk processing and marketing groups and coops Gender Environment
Impact of dairy intervention in the project sites200018001600140012001000 800 600 400 200 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Male Household producing Milk Feamle Household producing Milk No of improved Dairy cows
Milk price and Milk yield76543210 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Aveage milk yield/cow/day Average Milk Price per lt
Lessons and Challenges Knowledge sharing, training, follow up of interventions, andpartner linkages contribute to improving value chain actorsefficiency.Integration of forage development with dairy farm benefitfarmers.Development of forage seeds and vegetative planting materialproduction/ distribution systems on individual farms andFTCs enhance forage developmentSynergy between NRM and fodder development should bestressed, not only for dairy development but also in anintegrated apiculture system.District level alternatives to improve effectiveness andefficiency of the AI system are emerging (private AI),
Appropriate institutional set up to combine AI and hormonalestrus synchronization by mobile AI teamsCommunity animal health workers can function in ruralareasCreate linkages between feed companies and dairycooperatives and/or private tradersLinking district level cooperatives/ dairy groups to nearbylarger consumption areas
Scaling up of approach to increase the number of crossbreedanimal and improve calving intervalDevelopment of butter system in rural areasMilk products collection/processing/selling in and aroundrural areas(collectively by co-operatives, small scaleenterprise, linkage to larger consumption milk sheds)Quality based paymentSeasonal fluctuation in milk demand and pricingNegative effects of urban dairy systems to the environment