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Overview of PPR in West Africa

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Presented by Diallo Adama at the inception workshop of the project on epidemiology and control of peste des petits ruminants in West Africa, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, 25-27 June 2019.


Publicado en: Ciencias
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Overview of PPR in West Africa

  1. 1. Overview of PPR in West Africa Diallo Adama, CIRAD ECo-PPR - Epidemiology and Control of Peste des Petits Ruminants Inception Workshop for West Africa Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, 25-27 June 2019
  2. 2. 1942-1972 1980-1982 1987 2007 2008 2009-2011 Evolution of PPR Distribution in the world (2011) Importance of Peste de Petits Ruminants
  3. 3. Dr Adama Diallo: CIRAD, ISRA-LNERV, Dakar-Hann, Sénégal Adama.diallo@cirad.fr World PPR GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION
  4. 4. Morbillivirus Genus 4
  5. 5. 5 Molecular Epidemiology of PPR N gene-based Tree
  6. 6. N gene-based Tree
  7. 7. N gene-based Tree
  8. 8. 8 Evolution in PPRV Lineage distribution I II III IV
  9. 9. 9 Evolution in PPRV Lineage distribution I II III IV
  10. 10. 10 Evolution in PPRV Lineage distribution I II III IV
  11. 11. PPRV Molecular Study in WA • David Shamaki: 1998. More than 200 samples were collected from different areas in Nigeria: lineage II
  12. 12. PPRV Molecular Study in WA • David Shamaki: 1998. More than 200 samples were collected from different areas in Nigeria: lineage II • Woma (2013): A total of 140 clinical samples from 16 sheep and 63 goats with symptoms suggestive of PPR were collected from different states of Nigeria during a four-year period (2010-2013): lineage II and lineage IV • Salami (2010-2014). More than 100 samples from Outbreaks attended in Senegal: lineage II • K. Tounkara (2014-2017). 48/512 positifs collected in Mali: Lineage I, II and IV.
  13. 13. 13 Monitoring of PPRV circulation West Africa CIV 2009 HQ131963 Senegal 2010 GHANA 2010 KJ124744 Nigeria 2012 BENIN 2010 KJ124742 Nigeria 2012 Benin 1969 DQ840160(75/1-Nigeria) KJ124767 Nigeria 2011 DQ840163 Ghana 1976 DQ840167 Ghana Accra/78 DQ840164 Nigeria 76/1 Lineage II HQ131960 Cameroon 1997 KJ124765 Nigeria 2011 Cameron 2010 KJ124739 Nigeria 2012 KJ124740 Nigeria 2012 DRC 2012 Lineage IV DQ840165 Senegal 1968 DQ840199 CIV 1989 DQ840174 Senegal 1994 DQ840171(1989-Guinea-Bissau) Lineage I
  14. 14. Monitoring of PPRV circulation 14 NG TA 2012 250A NG TA 2012 253 NG YO 2013 2161 NG YO 2013 2162 NG KA 2010 2160 NG KA 2012 2159 NG AD 2012 2167 NG TA 2012 23 NG TA 2012 355 NG TA 2012 17LV NG TA 2012 TR7 NG ON 2012 832LV NG ON 2012 832KD NG TA 2012 367 NG AN 2012 2152 NG CR 2012 1810 NG IM 2012 2150LG NG IM 2012 2149LV NG AN 2012 2154 NG CR 2012 1807 NG CR 2012 1811 NG AN 2012 2151LG NG CR 2012 1808 NG CR 2012 1806 NG PL 2013 2171 NG PL 2013 2170 NG AD 2010 NJ13LN NG AD 2010 NJ13LG HQ131921 SD2008 SOBAKHARTOUMKH HQ131917 SD2000 ALAZAZABNSUD00 HQ131960 CM1997 CAMEROON97 HQ131962 CF2004 CAR04 HQ131920 SD2000 SOBAKHARTOUMKH HQ131929 SD2000 EDDAMARNSUD001 DQ840173 IL1993 ISRAELARABELLA DQ840186 IR1998 IRAN983 DQ840198 TJ2004 TAJIKISTAN04 KC207868 PK2012 PAKISTANOKARAM JN009673 PK2010 PAKFAISALABAD2 JN009674 PK2010 PAKMULTAN2010 KC207875 PK2012 PPRMM69SHEEP20 EU340363 CN2007 TIBET0702 KC207883 PK2012 PPRMM77CAMEL20 HQ131961 BD2009 BANGLADESH09 DQ840179 IN1994 SASSAYANA942 DQ840196 SA1999 SAUDI999 DQ840184 TR1996 TURKEY96 DQ840181 IL1995 ISREAL953 DQ840180 IN1994 THATAGULLAN941 DQ840176 IN1994 INDIA94 DQ840177 IN1995 CALCUTTA95 DQ840182 IL1995 TAMILNADU952 DQ840188 IL1998 ISRAEL982 DQ840195 SA1999 SAUDI997 HQ131931 SD2008 EDDAMARNSUD08 HQ131923 MA2008 MOROCCO081 HQ131927 MA2008 MOROCCO089 HQ131924 MA2008 MOROCCO082 DQ840185 IR1998 IRAN98 KC207867 PK2012 PAKISTANOKARAM IV NG OG 2011 31GYM NG KW 2012 1111MSLN NG KW 2012 LG DQ840192 ML1999 MALI991 HQ131963 SD2010 SENEGAL10 JN602080 SL2009 SIERRALEONEKAB NG AK 2013 2205 BJ1969 IAEA NG AK 2013 2202 NG OY 2011 110GYM14 NG SO 2013 72 DQ837640 002005 VACRUSSIA05 DQ840163 NG1976 ACCRA76 DQ840161 NG1975 NIGERIA752 DQ840162 NG1975 NIGERIA753 NG OY 2011 127GYM31 DQ840160 NG1975 VACNIGERIA751 DQ840166 GH1978 GHANA78 II DQ840165 SN1968 SENEGAL68 DQ840170 GN1988 GUINEA88 DQ840199 CI1989 CI89 DQ840172 BF1988 BURKINA88 DQ840171 GW1989 BISSAU89 DQ840174 SN1994 SENEGAL94 I DQ840168 OM1983 IBIR83 DQ840169 AE1986 DORCAS86 HQ131918 SD1971 GEDARIFKSUD71 DQ840183 ET1996 ETHIOPIA96 DQ840175 ET1994 ETHIOPIA94 III 100 70 95 84 68 97 80 97 96 95 65 87 89 87 87 77 93 68 56 90 87 96 78 59 67 69 70 66 81 50 64 86 61 78 74 67 88 85 100 71 84 100 100 98 71 86 NIGERIA
  15. 15. Map of West Africa showing sampling location according to their PPRV lineage II genetic cluster Closely related strains (same genetic cluster = same color in map) found in multiple West African countries Rond= échantillons séquencés pendant l’étude de Kadidia Carré = séquences disponibles sur GenBank.
  16. 16. Evolution PPRV lineages distribution: West Africa 16 SENEGAL 1969 - 1970 LINEAGE I 2010 LINEAGE II NIGERIA 1975 - 1995 LINEAGE II 2008 LINEAGE IV BENIN 1969 LINEAGE II 2011 LINEAGE II Ghana 1976 2010 LINEAGE II LINEAGE II
  17. 17. 17 Evolution in PPRV Lineage distribution I II III IV Lineage II has evolved further in Western Africa, replacing Lineage I Lineage IV has spread further from North to South
  18. 18. PPRV Lineages Evolution in WA
  19. 19. PPRV LINEAGE DISTRIBUTION IN WA. 19
  20. 20. Livestock trade routes in West Africa
  21. 21. Livestock Mobility in WA 21
  22. 22. PPR-GCES
  23. 23. Approche par stades à l’échelon national Les stades correspondent à une combinaison de niveaux décroissants de risque épidémiologique et de niveaux croissants de prévention et de contrôle.
  24. 24. OIE PPR – Statut indemne: 56 pays + 1 zône
  25. 25. Protection Against PPR: PART of the Fight for Poverty Alleviation THANKS

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