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The program will have as its centre three Research Themes.The three Research Themes are:1. Improved technologies to sustainably increase productivity and efficiency of livestock and fishproduction2. Development strategies for pro‐poor, gender‐equitable value chains for livestock and fish products3. Targeting, gender and impact assessment
Sheep and goat value chains development in Ethiopia: Update on progress
Sheep and goat value chains development in Ethiopia: Update on progress Barbara RischkowskyICARDA-ILRI Training on Tools for Rapid Assessment of Sheep and Goat Value Chains in Ethiopia Addis Ababa, 5-8 November 2012
Goal of the Livestock and Fish Program:More milk, meat and fish by and for the poor To sustainably increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems, increase the availability and affordability of animal-source foods for poor consumers, and reduce poverty through greater participation by the poor along the whole value chains for animal-source foods.
Delivering the Livestock and Fish ProgramStructure: Three integrated research themes #1 Targeting - Foresight, Prioritization, Gender, Impact assessment #2 #3 value chain development Technology Development: − Genetics Consumers − Feeds − Health Commodity X in Country Y Cross-cutting: M&E, communications, capacity building
The approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact and a long-term engagement R4D integrated to transform selected value chains for selected commodities in selected countries Consumers Value chain development team and research partners
FOCUS: 9 Value Chains in 8 countries SHEEP & GOATS AQUACULTURE PIGS DAIRY
CRP 3.7 partnerships for impacts: The give and take • Livestock/fish researchers – international and national provide evidence, capacity building get co-development of new science. • Development investors provide money, influence, advocacy get better bang for their bucks, better-targeted impacts. • Multinational agencies provide policies, advocacy, means to scale up interventions get evidence-based knowledge. • Development partners provide relevance, reality checks, expertise get practical science for real development.
Rationale for selecting the target livestock value chains1. Growth and market opportunity: Is there evidence of increasing demand for the commodity, locally or regionally? What is the importance of the commodity for people’s livelihoods?2. Pro-poor potential: How will the poor be involved? Is there evidence they can play a significant role in increased production, or being employed in value chain activities, or will benefit from increased consumption?
Rationale for selecting livestock value chains3. Potential for outscaling interventions/solutions: Are the agroecological conditions of the site representative for large areas within the same country?4. Researchable supply constraints: Are there supply constraints, such as large productivity gaps or transactions costs for which research may be able to provide solutions, and would create production and welfare gains?
Consultative site selection processStep 1: Geographical targeting - identification of eligible regions/districts using GISStep 2: Stakeholder consultation at national level (ground- truthing of Step 1, defining soft selection criteria and identifying sites)Step 3: Regional stakeholder consultation to refine site selection and prepare site visitsStep 4: Site visits applying agreed minimum checklist to validate selected sitesStep 5: Mobilization and start of activities in selected sites
Spatial selection criteria for small ruminant value chains in EthiopiaRepresentativeness:• agroecological potential (number of growing days, prod systems)Growth and market opportunity:• sheep and goat density, market linkage (distance/time to next market), supply deficitPro-poor potential:• number or proportion of poor people; number of poor sheep and goat keepersSupply constraints (scope for improvement):• low productivity or surplus-deficit in meat production
Step 2: Stakeholder consultation at national level 6 July 2012 in Addis- Discuss outcome of step 1 (geographical targeting)- Define and apply soft criteria- Propose list of eligible sites for sheep and goat VCs matching with agreed criteria
Fuzzy ‘soft’ selection criteria for sheep and goat value chains• Synergy with on-going research• Government priorities• Potential for success – implementation and impact• Existing links with research and extension system• Regional representation• Availability of secondary data
‘Killer’ selection criteria for sheep and goat value chains• Likelihood of success• Market potential• Well known supply areas for sheep or goat meat• Number of sheep and goats per household• Importance of sheep and goats to household livelihoods
List of proposed sites for sheep and goat value chains (6 July 2012)Selected sites Region District/ Market Research Center Woreda linkGoat value chainsTanka Abergelle Tigray Tanka rural AbergelleKonso SNNP Karat rural Arba MinchDillo Oromia Dillo rural YabelloAsaita Afar Asaita rural AfarNegelle Borena Oromia Liben urban BoreShinelle Somali Shinelle urban HaromayaSheep Value chainsMenz Amhara Menz Gera urban Debre BerhanYabello Oromia Yabello urban YabelloHorro Oromia Horro Gudru rural BakoWerer Afar Amibara urban WererEast Tigray Tigray Atsbi Wonberta urban MekelleGurage/Silte SNNP Alicho Wuriro urban WorabeArsi Oromia Sagure rural KulumsaGamo Goffa SNNP Ditta rural Arba Minch
Targets and criteria applied for reducing the list of sheep and goat value chains• Target value chains: 2 goat and 4 sheep value chains• Target production systems: 2 lowland and 4 highland sites• Partner research and development projects to ensure initial funding of activities• Priorities of the government to ensure interest and investment of research and extension system• Cover well known sheep and goat breeds with high market potential• Ease of implementation and probability of quick success• Balanced regional representation
Reduced list of proposed sites for sheep and goat value chains (23 July 2012)Selected sites Region District/ Partner project Research Woreda CenterGoat Value ChainsAbergelle Amhara BecaHub Goat ProjectNegelle Borena Oromia Liben BoreGoat and Sheep Value ChainShinelle Somali Shinelle PCDP Haromaya UniversitySheep Value ChainsMenz Amhara Menz Gera GIZ Debre BerhanHorro Oromia Horro Gudru LIVES BakoEast Tigray Tigray Atsbi Wonberta LIVES MekelleAdillo/Wolaita SNNP Worabe Other Priority Learning Sites will be from Afar, Benichangul and Gambella through exchange visits and training.
Step 3: Regional Stakeholder Consultation 6 August 2012 in Addis- Arrive at common understanding of program implementation- Propose districts/sites within districts for the identified sheep and goat VCs matching with agreed criteria- Identify focal persons and discuss teams for program implementation
Selected sites for sheep and goat value chainsSelected sites Region District Partner project Research CenterGoat Value ChainsAbergelle Amhara/ Sazba (Amhara) BecaHub Goat Sekota Tigray Felegehiwot Project TARI (Tigray)Negelle Borena Oromia Dillo (Borana) BoreGoat and Sheep Value ChainShinelle Somali Shinelle PCDP Haromaya UniversitySheep Value ChainsMenz Amhara Molale and Mehal GIZ Debre Berhan MedaHorro Oromia Horro/Shambu LIVES BakoEast Tigray Tigray Atsbi LIVES MekelleAdillo/Wolaita SNNP Doyogena SARI Funds Worabe
Overview of activities in 2012 up to now• Consultative site selection process• Engagement with partners• Resource mobilization• Site descriptions (through GIS and visits)• Field-testing of existing assessment tools (FEAST, VCA) in Menz and Horro (ELF, Quick Feed Project)• Further refinement of VCA toolkit• Continuation of community based breeding programs (CBBP) for Menz, Horro and Bonga Sheep• Training of partners in CBBP and data recording• Support of PhD students related to genetics/breeding
Next steps• Training of partners on toolkit for Rapid Value Chain Assessment (VCA) – 5-8 November in Addis – 20-23 November in Awassa• Start of field implementation of rapid VCA end Nov. 2012• Report writing in January 2013• Wrap-up meetings in February 2013 to discuss results and to identify best-bet interventions and needs for in-depth VCA• Initiation of best-bet interventions end Feb/begin March• Conduct baseline study end February 2013