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Land use and tenure in pastoral and agro-pastoral production systems

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Presented by Fiona Flintan at the Workshop on Harnessing the Potential of Dryland Areas and Pastoral Agro-pastoral Production Systems in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, 7-8 March 2019.

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Land use and tenure in pastoral and agro-pastoral production systems

  1. 1. Land use and tenure in pastoral and agro- pastoral production systems Fiona Flintan, ILRI Workshop on Harnessing the Potential of Dryland Areas and Pastoral Agro- pastoral Production Systems in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, 7-8 March 2019
  2. 2. Key messages - Land use in pastoral areas undergoing rapid change due to a number of factors - Authority of customary institutions has reduced, whilst at the same time the management of rangelands has all but disappeared - New interventions show promise in local level land use planning, strengthening and rebuilding collective behavior, rangeland management and in securing rights to land and resource, however further investment is required.
  3. 3. Local level change: cropping (5281 HHs) 60% said yes 9% 91% 66% 34% 11% 89% 46% 54% 71% 29% 97% 3% 80% 20% 95% 5% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Afar Oromia Somali SNNP Pastoral Agro-pastoral
  4. 4. Local level change: private grazing lands (5281 HHs) Total: 16.5% Yes 1% 99% 15% 85% 6% 94% 21% 79% 5% 95% 33% 67% 17% 84% 28% 72% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Afar SNNP Somali Oromia Pastoralist Agro-pastoralist
  5. 5. Commercial investment along riverine areas
  6. 6. Loss of customary management in rangelands (3800 HHs Afar, Somali, Oromia, SNNPR) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Customary head All community No Management/ Not Managed Customary head Customary rangeland leader Rangeland management committee Local government All community No Management/ Not Managed Customary head Local government All community No Management/ Not Managed Customary head Customary rangeland leader Rangeland management committee Local government All community No Management/ Not Managed AfarOromiaSomaliSNNP Agro-pastoral Pastoral
  7. 7. Trends and impacts seen • Compromising of pastoral livestock system • Loss of ‘high productivity’ areas making use of rest of pastoral areas difficult • Rangeland degradation • Lower resilience and ability to cope with and recover from drought • Conflicts including over resources including land and water • Out-migration of youth, and other moving/dropping out of pastoral system • Lost opportunities to effectively benefit from pastoral areas
  8. 8. Influences • Lack of land use planning • Lack of formal land tenure system for pastoral areas • Lack of investment in the livestock including pastoral sector e.g. extension services • Lack of investment in rangelands including coordination of e.g. invasive spp management • Inappropriate development policies and projects in the past • Changes in pastoral societies – education, exposure etc.
  9. 9. Change of thinking: Pastoralism policy
  10. 10. Opportunities: Communal land tenure system in development July 2018. LAND project, funded by USAID facilitated landholdings of three pastoral communities in Dheeda Dirre (750,980 ha), Dheeda Golbo (767,688 ha), and Dheeda Malbe (1,208,750ha) adjudicated, surveyed, mapped and registered. 2.7 million hectares with primary residents of 23,015 households.
  11. 11. Opportunities: National land use policy and framework development including WPLUP for pastoral areas
  12. 12. Opportunities: Participatory rangeland management (PRM) PRIME-5.5 million ha.
  13. 13. New projects – different way of working? • Lowland Livelihood Resilience Project (new PCDP, MoP) • USD 350million+ investment • Traditional rangelands are entry point • Rangeland investment plans • Integrated approach • Community-demand driven approach (CDD)
  14. 14. This work is financed by Government of Ethiopia, Swiss Development Cooperation, USAID, World Bank, International Land Coalition and partners It contributes to the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock Agri-food Systems and PIM Flagship 5 Acknowledgements
  15. 15. This presentation is licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence. better lives through livestock ilri.org ILRI thanks all donors and organizations who globally supported its work through their contributions to the CGIAR system

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