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Theory Based Approach to Planning, Monitoring and Evaluating in the Livestock CRP

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Presented by Caroline Kanyuuru, Helen Altshul and Helena Posthumus at the Priority Country Planning Meeting (Ethiopia, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam), ILRI, Nairobi, 26–27 March 2019

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Theory Based Approach to Planning, Monitoring and Evaluating in the Livestock CRP

  1. 1. Theory Based Approach to Planning, Monitoring and Evaluating in the Livestock CRP Caroline Kanyuuru1, Helen Altshul1 and Helena Posthumus2 Priority Country Planning Meeting (Ethiopia, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam) ILRI, Nairobi, 26–27 March 2019 1. ILRI 2. Royal Tropical Institute
  2. 2. Why Theories of Change • The need to demonstrate research efforts contribution (rather than proving attribution) to development outcomes • High complexity at CRP level intervention (multi projects, multi sites,) • Inadequacy in experimental based methodologies (the need for counterfactuals to make causal inference)
  3. 3. Elements of the ToC • Vision • Context • Defined strategies • Partners and stakeholders (with whom) • Anticipated changes (short, medium, long term) • Evidence to support ToC & assumptions where no evidence exist • Enabling mechanism
  4. 4. Emphasis on process • Explicitly and implicitly include all elements • Evolving process with more insight • Capacity and behavioural changes are key as they are directly influenced by interventions • Based on previous research and stakeholder views
  5. 5. Planning & designing using ToCs • Engage stakeholders in ToC development. Two ways; – A small team to think through the elements and validate with a wider group – Or brainstorm right from the start with the wider group • The product – Logic model showcasing elements of ToC (explicitly & implicitly) – Consensus from stakeholders on the intervention logic
  6. 6. Evaluation through contribution analysis • To demonstrate a contribution claim that an intervention made a difference; – Reasoned ToC (ToC elements through stakeholder deliberations) – Implemented activities – Evidence to verify changes – gathered during planning – Assumptions, external factors (context) and mechanisms tested
  7. 7. Previous work under the Livestock and Fish CRP • File:Theory of Change monitoring framework_Ethiopia SR VC.pdf • File:Theory of Change_Ethiopia SR VC_Baseline_ Research Centers.pdf • File:Theory of Change_Ethiopia SR VC_Baseline_ Extension_DistrictOffices.pdf • • _October_2015.pdf
  8. 8. Managing through learning • Interventions are not static but rather evolving as evidence will demonstrate • Reflective learning by stakeholders based on evidence will support decision making • Adaptive management will guide changes in interventions and resource budgeting
  9. 9. Feedback on the process • There is need to keep the process light • Learnings from the ToC process should be a priority
  10. 10. So what …? Suggestions for next steps At country level: • Review existing – or develop new – ToC and impact pathways. Are they still relevant or do they need updating? • Review your country plans and activities – how do they fit into the ToC (in particular sphere of influence part: the grey boxes and outcomes) • Develop your own learning questions (related to the ToC) for your country plan At CRP management unit level: • Assist countries in mapping countries plans and activities into overarching ToC • Develop a learning framework / protocol • Facilitate monitoring and learning around ToC on a regular basis
  11. 11. CGIAR Research Program on Livestock The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock aims to increase the productivity and profitability of livestock agri-food systems in sustainable ways, making meat, milk and eggs more available and affordable across the developing world. This presentation is licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence. The program thanks all donors and organizations which globally support its work through their contributions to the CGIAR system