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Risk-based approaches to food safety in developing countries Delia Grace ILRI workshop on safety of animal source foods wi...
Overview of presentation <ul><li>Context:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>food safety,  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>animal source fo...
Why food safety matters
Why animal source foods matter <ul><li>Manure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Xenobiotics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemicals  </li...
Why the informal sector matters Small & medium scale Large scale Self-employment  245,000 11,000 Long-time hired labour 45...
CONSUMERS (in litres milk equivalent) (???) IMPORTS ??? LOCAL PRODUCTION (347 Million litres  X 17% marketed= 59 Million l...
Risk analysis a tool for decision-making under uncertainty Risk  Assessment Risk Management   Risk  Communication
Participatory Risk Assessment <ul><li>Attitudes </li></ul>
How do risk-based approaches differ from conventional public health? <ul><li>Look at risks, not hazards </li></ul><ul><li>...
Understanding perceptions & incentives – adulterated milk in Assam Perfect test Consumer judgment Completely useless test
Adulteration & health risk
Compliance with standards : Formal no better than informal
How do risk-based approaches differ from conventional public health? <ul><li>Look at paths, as well as products </li></ul>...
Risk mitigation Average of 17.25 risk mitigation strategies used Farmers who believed UA was legal used more strategies
Risk-based identification of interventions to improve bacteriological quality of sweets.
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Risk-based approaches to food safety in developing countries

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Presented by Delia Grace to the ILRI workshop on safety of animal source foods with an emphasis on the informal sectors, New Delhi, India, 8 February 2011

Publicado en: Tecnología, Empresariales
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Risk-based approaches to food safety in developing countries

  1. 1. Risk-based approaches to food safety in developing countries Delia Grace ILRI workshop on safety of animal source foods with an emphasis on the informal sectors, New Delhi, India, 8 February 2011
  2. 2. Overview of presentation <ul><li>Context: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>food safety, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>animal source foods, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>informal markets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Risk-based approaches in Africa and Asia </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why food safety matters
  4. 4. Why animal source foods matter <ul><li>Manure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Xenobiotics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemicals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pathogens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aesthetic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Milk, meat, eggs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Xenobiotics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemicals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pathogens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allergens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Zoonoses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bacterial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Viral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parasitic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prion </li></ul></ul>Social conflict Traffic accidents Injuries Environmental degradation
  5. 5. Why the informal sector matters Small & medium scale Large scale Self-employment 245,000 11,000 Long-time hired labour 454,000 93,000 Casual labour 36,000 2,000 Total (numbers) 735,000 105,000 % of total 87% 13% Kenya 80% Tanzania 98% W. Africa 90% India 83% Assam 97% Nicaragua 86%
  6. 6. CONSUMERS (in litres milk equivalent) (???) IMPORTS ??? LOCAL PRODUCTION (347 Million litres X 17% marketed= 59 Million litres ) SHOPS 3% 31% 66% <1% 26% 46% 27% 28% 72% 100% 13% 12% 75% 5% 45% 2% 48% TRADERS PROCESSORS FORMAL
  7. 7. Risk analysis a tool for decision-making under uncertainty Risk Assessment Risk Management Risk Communication
  8. 8. Participatory Risk Assessment <ul><li>Attitudes </li></ul>
  9. 9.
  10. 10. How do risk-based approaches differ from conventional public health? <ul><li>Look at risks, not hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Look at paths, as well as products </li></ul><ul><li>Solution, not problem oriented </li></ul>
  11. 11. Understanding perceptions & incentives – adulterated milk in Assam Perfect test Consumer judgment Completely useless test
  12. 12.
  13. 13. Adulteration & health risk
  14. 14. Compliance with standards : Formal no better than informal
  15. 15. How do risk-based approaches differ from conventional public health? <ul><li>Look at paths, as well as products </li></ul><ul><li>Solution oriented not problem oriented </li></ul>
  16. 16. Risk mitigation Average of 17.25 risk mitigation strategies used Farmers who believed UA was legal used more strategies
  17. 17. Risk-based identification of interventions to improve bacteriological quality of sweets.

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