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Testing and delivering tropically-adapted chickens for productivity growth in sub-Saharan Africa

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Testing and delivering tropically-adapted chickens for productivity growth in sub-Saharan Africa

Presented by Wondmeneh Esatu and Tadelle Dessie at the FAO-ILRI Regional Training Workshop on Proven Livestock Technologies, ILRI, Addis Ababa, 3-5 December 2018

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Testing and delivering tropically-adapted chickens for productivity growth in sub-Saharan Africa

  1. 1. Testing and delivering tropically-adapted chickens for productivity growth in sub-Saharan Africa Wondmeneh Esatu and Tadelle Dessie International Livestock Research Institute FAO-ILRI Regional Training Workshop on Proven Livestock Technologies ILRI, Addis Ababa, 3-5 December 2018
  2. 2. Outline • Training Objectives • Description and elements of the proven technology • Technology Implementation strategies (Steps in implementation) • Value chain actors or stakeholders and their roles (Partnerships) • Key opportunities for commercializing the technology • Gender and Youth perspectives • Key lessons and points to consider for scaling the technology
  3. 3. Training Objectives By the end of the training, participants will be able to: • Knowledge: – Know the main components of some proven Livestock technologies. – Learn the steps involved in implementing the technology – Identify the key stakeholders involved in technology roll out. – Recognize the commercial opportunities and key challenges for implementing the technology. • Skills: – Be able to train other Trainers who will cascade the training to EAFF members. – Be able to use the training resource to train Farmers. – Demonstrate the skills required to conduct training to others. • Attitude: – Appreciate the partnership landscape and key attributes of working with partners. – Recognize the role of women and youths in technology upscaling – Become proactive about scaling technology training.
  4. 4. Description and elements of the proven Technology The technology tested – Breed – Brooding – Feeding – vaccination
  5. 5. Farmers preferred tropically adapted chicken strains
  6. 6. Vaccination and supplementary feed
  7. 7. Technology Implementation strategies – Launch the program to engaging partners/stakeholders – Conducting IP – Identify coordinators – Recruit and train enumerators/supervisors – Conducting baseline survey and analysis – Develop on-station and on-farm data collection protocols – Training on ODK – Identify brooding facilities, on-farm households and on-station sites – Hatch, brood and dispatch to HHS – Data collection on-station and on-farm
  8. 8. Stakeholders • ACGG is an African-wide collaboration led by ILRI • Partners from Ethiopia, the Netherlands, Nigeria and Tanzania collaborated to test and make available high- producing, farmer-preferred genotypes that increase smallholder chicken productivity in Africa • Innovation platforms are one of the key elements of the approach; they are multi-stakeholder mechanisms that help generate and mobilize farmer needs and engage with important actors like the private sector
  9. 9. • Collaborators and partners include: – Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) – Haramaya University, Ethiopia – Federal University of Agriculture in Abeokuta, Nigeria (FUNAAB) – Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria – National Animal Production Research Institute, Nigeria (NAPRI) – Tanzania Livestock Research Institute (TALIRI) – Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania – Animal Breeding and Genomics Centre, Wageningen UR – PICO-Eastern Africa – Koepon Foundation
  10. 10. Partnership engagement strategies • Prior discussion to create a good working relationship • Consider the interest of each partner /win-win/ • Consistent communication and follow-up • Deliver as much as possible to building trust
  11. 11. Key lessons in working with stakeholders • Innovation platform crucial in bringing stakeholders together, discuss on common problems and arrive at solutions • Continuous capacity building to hatcheries, brooders etc • Detailed and participatory planning ( delivery of chicken, transportation arrangements, readiness
  12. 12. Commercial aspect of the Technology Possible business operations • Parent stock • Mother units/brooding business • Smallholder poultry at household level
  13. 13. Some performance indicators 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 Fulani ShikaBrown Funaab Alpha Kuroiler Sasso Noiler MEAN(SE) TEST STRAINS LSM and SE of week 18 body weight under onfarm conditions of Nigeria 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 Horro Sasso_RIR Sasso Koekoek Kuroiler LEASTSQUAREMEAN(SE) STRAINS LSM of week 16 body weight of Test Strains under on-farm condition in Ethiopia
  14. 14. Employment, income generation and nutrition • A farm with capacity of 5000 parent layers can support employment and income generation activity for – 352 mother units (2000 birds) – 21168 households (30 bird per household) – Several aggregators • The PS can generate income from a sell of day-old chicken and spent layers, a mother unit from a sell of 42 days old mixed sex chicken and a smallholder producers from a sell meat bird at 12 weeks and table eggs.
  15. 15. • The PS can generate more than 3 million birr/year, at mother unit 34,200 birr in 6 weeks and households 8553/ year from 26 birds ( 30 less mortality). • Positive behavioral changes towards balanced diet consumption and • Improved consumption of chicken meat and eggs
  16. 16. Breeding Structure of Chickens Grandparent Stock Pedigre e Selectio n Genetic Improveme nt Primary Breeder Day Old Chicks (BU) Meat and Eggs (SHF) Great GrandParent Parent Stock
  17. 17. Parent Stock Farm
  18. 18. Hatchery
  19. 19. Vaccination of Day old chicken
  20. 20. Delivery of vaccinated DOC’s to Brooder/mother Units
  21. 21. Mother unit in Tanzania and Nigeria
  22. 22. • Brooded and vaccinated Chicken (21 to 42 days old –depending on need of villagers) to Villages
  23. 23. • Small holder farmers produce meat birds and eggs – Home consumption, income from sell
  24. 24. Aggregators
  25. 25. Processing to Restaurant
  26. 26. Gender and Youth Roles • Poultry farming can be taken as a part-time occupation especially by women, landless, small and marginal farmers. – Small scale improved poultry becoming more popular among rural women – Earn a good amount of income within a short period of time by selling birds and eggs. • Poultry sector can absorb competent manpower easily. • ACGG has shown different activities involved from parent stock to production of eggs and meat – Increase in poultry production activities help to generate more employment – Address gender issues in employment as the poultry operations can be handled easly both by men and women
  27. 27. • In ACGG women were at the center; special consideration to involve women as – Enumerators/data collector – Supervisor – Direct beneficiary • Provides employment to youth engaged in the production of eggs and chicken meat, hatchery operators, feed producers, feed dealers, building materials, egg cases and trucks, processors of egg and poultry products and aggregators
  28. 28. Points to consider for scaling the technology • USAID(2014) defined scaling up as the process of distribution and transfer of technologies to new beneficiaries in a given space or into larger geographic areas – Minimize the risk of losing their indigenous chicken due to the use of improved chicken – Appropriate inputs: vaccines, supplementary feed, markets – Knowledge on how to keep improved poultry production – Proven and profitable technology – Suitability in different agro-ecologies – Affordability of the technology
  29. 29. Key take Home lessons –Work in partnership –Critical planning –Innovation platform