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Update on fish value chain development in UgandaMalcolm Beveridge (WorldFish Center) CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish Planning meeting Nairobi, 27-29 September 2011
rationale - need • Africa: the aquaculture sector has the greatest need of support to develop at scale • two countries: focus, focus, focus … • screening criteria need – fish is a high proportion of total animal protein intake – national food and nutrition security assessments indicate current situation as ‘low’ or ‘at risk’ – baseline production indicates potential for effective intervention
rationale - potential Fish Consumption2 Undernourishment1 (% of total Animal Aquaculture Production3 Country (% of population <5) consumption) (tonnes in 2008) Egypt 31 38 693,815 Nigeria 41 45 143,207 Uganda 39 63 52,250 United Rep of Tanzania 44 65 11,308 Madagascar 53 33 11,081 Zambia 46 56 5,640 Ghana 29 74 5,594 Kenya 36 38 4,452 1Source: World Health Statistics (2010) 2Source: Speedy (2003). Global Production and Consumption of Animal Source Foods. Journal of Nutrition. 133: 4048S- 4053S; 3FAOStat (online query) • markets for fish developed to a scale that will support a value scale focus • potential to meet demand within 5-7 years
rationale - partnerships • in-line with national/ regional and international development agencies’ policies • NGO development partners have identified aquaculture value chains as fruitful areas for investment
rationale - opportunities for learning Uganda Egypt
Uganda – general vision and outcome General Vision • With partners, we will work to understand our chosen aquaculture value chains so that we can identify market-based interventions which, when implemented, can help develop efficient, pro-poor and sustainable value chains. Outcome • Increase supplies of affordable, nutritious food, generating equitable benefits to actors throughout the value chain.
Uganda – potential for impact Impacts Seed Feed Inputs Inputs & & Intermediate Services Services Production Production Ultimate Outcome • Average per capita fish Transport Transport Outcome consumption in target • 100% increase in fish & & Processing Processing Marketing Marketing • # Identified VC regions increases annual production for towards recommended constraints resolved or target markets by 2017. Fish levels by 21% Inputs lessened. & Services • 50% increase in the • 12,000 households • X% increase in Production Transport number of households improve their standard identified value chain & Processing participating in fish of living through Marketing effectiveness metrics. value chains Equitable efficient participation in the value chains value chain Value Chain Outcomes VC Component Seed Feed Fish Production Widespread use of productive, fast Development of affordable, nutritionally Farmers able to access quality seed, feed Inputs and Services growing broodstock strains that meets and environmentally sound aquaculture and technical advice that meets their present and future anticipated needs of feeds needs farmers Widespread use of productive, fast Reliable supplies of nutritionally sound, Increased farmed fish production and Production growing seed that meets present and affordable and environmentally friendly consumption by the poor future anticipated needs of farmers feeds that meet the needs of farmers Reduced seed losses, reduced costs and Affordable quality feeds available to all Increased quantities of affordable and Processing/transport increased production producers nutritionally sound fish and fish products in markets Demand led-increases in development Strong demand for quality and profitable Strong demand for - and increased Marketing and use by farmers of quality seed from feeds by farmers access to - farmed fish products by poor genetically improved strains and vulnerable consumers
Uganda – existing resource inventory • little engagement prior to 2010 – BMZ-funded project on governance of fisheries, Lake Victoria (2010-2013) August 2010 – CRP 3.7 • Step 1: selection of value chains • Step 2: mixed methods preliminary value chain analysis • Step 3: preliminary identification of constraints and opportunities
Uganda – CRP engagement to date Seed Feed Step 3: semi-structured interviews Inputs • what do the value chains look like and Inputs Inputs & & Services Services & Services Production Production are they functioning well? Transport Transport • where are the key constraints? & & Processing Processing Production • are there barriers to the socially marginalized securing equitable Marketing Marketing employment benefits? Production Transport • does an increase in aquaculture Inputs & & Services Processing production increase fish consumption by the poor and improve health? Production Transport & • Step 4: market-based solutions Processing Marketing Marketing • what interventions will most likely deliver greatest impacts on poverty and hunger per sum invested?
Uganda – value chain development October – December 2011 • with partners secured ASARECA* funding for detailed VCAs • Steps 1-2: select and map VCs • Step 3: identify market based solutions January 2012 – March 2014 • Step 4: assess market based solutions • Steps 5-6: implement interventions – M&E – refine approaches* Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in East and Central Africa
on-going and impending projectsCurrently Funded Projects Level of effort, areas of focus (roughly approximate to resource allocation but reflecting areas where outputs and outcomes are expected)Project title Location, Countries Species Donor End Funds Technology development VC Development Targeting, gender & date remaining at impact mm/yy end 2011 % mapped to (1000s of $) Animal Geneti Feeds Ecosyst Sectora VC VC Spatial Gende M&E CRP3.7 health cs/ em l and Assess Innova , r& and breedi Policy ment tion syste equity impact ng ms & HHReduced Competition in tilapia - Bangladesh, Uganda, Tilapia University of Jun-12 7 100%Year 3 Egypt, Msia, Wageningen 100% Vietnam, Ghana, Malawi Uganda Tilapia, ASARECA Feb-14 164 20% 10% 10% 20% 20% 20%Aquaculture development in 100% ClariasASARECA region gariepinus • total = ~$US 0.2 million; mostly genetics Level of effort, areas of focus (roughly approximate to resource allocationImpending Projects (strong likelihood of funding) but reflecting areas where outputs and outcomes are expected)Project title (Probability) Location, Countries Species Donor End Total Technology development VC Development Targeting, gender & date funding impact % mm/yy (1000s Animal Geneti Feeds Ecosyst Sectora VC VC Spatial Gende M&E mapped of $) health cs/ em l and Assess Innova , r& and to CRP3.7 breedi Policy ment tion syste equity impact ng ms & HHAquaculture for food security, Bangladesh, Zambia, Aquacultu EC Oct-14 75 25% 25% 50%poverty alleviation and nutrition 50% Uganda re(75%)Genetic technologies for AQ in SSA Uganda, Ghana, Tilapia CIDA Jun-14 288 100%(50%) 100% Malawi, Kenya
sub-component work plans (2012) Priority Outcomes 1. VCA team built 2. Capacity in VCA methods built among partners 3. Improved understanding of aquaculture VCs and their structure and efficiency 4. VC development methodologies adopted by partners Priority Outputs 1. Develop implementation plan 2. Baseline study conducted 3. VCA completed for various aquaculture VCs in Uganda 4. Analytical framework for VC development to meet objectives developed 5. Market based VC development interventions identified and prioritized
sub-component work plans – (2012) Priority Organizational, Capacity Development and Communication Activities 1. Recruit a VC expert, Zambia (Uganda) 2. Restructure team to match CRP needs 3. Identify and develop collaboration on innovation across 3.7 Centers Priority Resource Mobilization Activities 1. VCA and VC development 2. Work with CRP partners to raise funds for cross-project evaluation of VCA process, development of better metrics and guidelines
sub-component work plans – 2013 Priority Outcomes 1. Institutional frameworks and governance of aquaculture VCs in Uganda understood 2. Fish production increased, jobs created, increased profitability, more equitable share of benefits among VC actors achieved 3. Fish prices stabilized Priority Outputs 1. Results from VC pilot development interventions assessed and most promising interventions implemented 2. Results from VC development disseminated 3. Analysis of relationships between fish production, prices and consumption completed 4. Review paper and policy brief on VCA and VC development in aquaculture completed
sub-component work plans – 2013 Priority Organizational, Capacity Development and Communication Activities 1. Continued team building to meet evolving program needs 2. Analysis of skills gaps identified and recruitment pursued Priority Resource Mobilization Activities 1. Collaborative efforts with partners to seek funds for expansion of VC analysis work in Uganda pursued
Uganda – key strategic partners • Public sector – DoF, NAADS, Department of Animal Resources – Ministry of Livestock – NARO, Kajjansi Research station • Makerere University • NGOs – CRS • CG Centers
gaps, resource mobilization needs and opportunities
funding gap, needs and opportunities• new country; new value chains; large funding gap• baseline• funding for technology development• funding for VC analysis