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Zoonotic diseases in livestock—Mitigating risk behaviour

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Presented by Barbara Wieland at the Uppsala Health Summit, 10-11 October 2017

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Zoonotic diseases in livestock—Mitigating risk behaviour

  1. 1. Zoonotic diseases in livestock – mitigating risk behaviour Barbara Wieland Team Leader Herd Health, ILRI Uppsala Health Summit, 10-11 October 2017
  2. 2. How important are livestock-keeping cultures and traditions in the transmission of zoonoses?
  3. 3. Need to understand - Who does what? - Why and how? - What is the context and purpose of livestock keeping? Prevent – detect - response
  4. 4. Roles related to small ruminant health management in Ethiopia prevent - detect 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Slaughter Assist delivery Breeding Marketing Herding Coordinate veterinary input Caring for sick animals Cleaning barns Feeding and watering Contribution of men and women to small ruminant management in Ethiopia (score out of 20, other household members not shown) Women Men “Sheep are like ‘Injera’ ready to be eaten, “ Fast growing cabbage in the homestead” (women) “Goats are cattle gifted for the poor” (women) “Sheep are like money in a pocket” (men)
  5. 5. Awareness zoonoses, highlands Ethiopia prevent - detect Survey in 430 households in Ethiopia (m=217/f=213) 0.0% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% Anthrax Tapeworm GIT RespTB Rabies Proportion of respondents aware of zoonoses men women source:
  6. 6. Risk behavior: example dairy consumption in Borana prevent • Boiling of fresh milk is not common practice o “long time tradition of Borana people for not doing so” o the perception that “boiling of milk destroys vitamins” o “boiled milk is considered dead” o boiling of milk reduces the nutritional quality of milk • However milk is boiled for children: to prevent qullichoo (milk curdle, risk when vomiting) source:
  7. 7. Perception milk-borne diseases prevent – detect - respond Women highlighted health benefits of milk, but had poor awareness of disease risks: • “People drinking milk don't have problem. Rather, people who don't drink milk get sick”. • “We haven't seen milk related sickness. We haven't had any problem because of the milk from our animals. We use it to raise our children. We are not aware that one can get disease from milk” • “…The milk itself is medicine. Fresh milk can be recommended for TB patients”
  8. 8. Mitigate risk behavior? prevent – detect - respond • Need for effective and culturally sensitive communication strategies and trainings on prevention, detection, treatment and management • Promote good husbandry/milking practices • Confirm effectiveness of traditional treatments • Establish communication channels for reporting • Address low capacity of veterinary and public health services / infrastructure
  9. 9. prevent – detect – respond: opportunities • Promote small, but manageable changes that are acceptable • Changing production systems: change the way things are done • Novel ICT-based training and communication tools • Increasing traction for One Health approaches
  10. 10. The presentation has a Creative Commons license. You are free to re-use or distribute this work, provided credit is given to ILRI. better lives through livestock