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INJURYUnintentional or intentional
damage to the body resulting from
acute exposure to thermal,
mechanical, electrical, or...
INTENTIONAL INJURY
ARE INJURIES RESULTING FROM
VIOLENCE.
SELF INFLICTED
WHEN A PERSON HARMS HIMSELF/HERSELF
ON PURPOSE
 SUICIDE
the intentional taking of
one’s own life. Many of
those who attempt suicide
do not receive mental and
emotional ...
 PARASUICIDE
a suicide attempt in which
a person does not intend
to die. It is often a cry for
help, meaning, the person
...
ASSAULT
WHEN PERSON/PERSONS HARM ANOTHER
ON PURPOSE
COMMITTED WITHIN THE FAMILY
 DOMESTIC VIOLENCE - an act
that includes physical assault,
sexual abuse and verbal abuse.
Th...
COMMITTED BY PEERS
BULLYING - an unwanted,
aggressive behavior. The
behavior is repeated, or can be
repeated, over time. B...
STALKING - is a pattern of
behavior that makes you feel
afraid, nervous, harassed, or in
danger. It is when someone
repeat...
COMMITED BY OTHER GROUPS
GANG AND YOUTH VIOLENCE
A gang is defined as a relatively
tough, mostly street-based group
of you...
ILLEGAL FRATERNITY-RELATED VIOLENCE
A fraternity is a group of people with similar
backgrounds, occupations, interests, or...
To maintain their exclusiveness, fraternity members would
require an applicant to undergo a series of initiation rites to
...
Schools have a responsibility to prevent injuries from
occurring on school property and at school-sponsored
events. In add...
However, educational interventions alone cannot produce
major reductions in injury or injury risks. Effective school-
base...
A coordinated school health program involves and is
supportive of families and is determined by the local
community based ...
Just as individual strategies cannot be implemented in
isolation from each other, schools cannot effectively
address unint...
Ideally, coordinated school health programs should include
multiple components
comprehensive health education;
physical ...
UNINTENTIONAL
INJURY
INJURIES WHICH ARE NOT EXPECTED;
ALSO KNOWN AS ACCIDENTS
FRACTURE
a break or crack in a bone. An
open fracture pierces the skin
surface while in closed fracture
the skin above is ...
SPRAIN
an injury to the ligaments of a
bone due to accidental tearing
or overstretching
STRAIN
an injury to the muscles
wh...
HEAT
EXHAUSTION
caused by loss of salt and
water due to excessively high
temperature.
FOOD
POISONING
caused by consuming f...
HEART ATTACK
caused by a sudden
obstruction of blood supply to
the part of heart muscles
CHOKING
results when a foreign
ob...
Safety and Injury Prevention
 Use a reporting system to record injuries that happen
at school. This information can be us...
FIRST AID MUST HAVE
STERILE DRESSINGS
AND PLASTERS:
• Plasters: Use plasters for
small cuts and grazes.
• Sterile pad: Fo...
• Sterile wound
dressing: A sterile
wound dressing is a
sterile pad attached to
a bandage. These are
for larger wounds to
...
BANDAGES:
• Roller bandages: Roller bandages
are long thin bandages rolled up.
Use a roller bandage to support joint
inju...
PROTECTIVE ITEMS:
• Disposable gloves: Using
disposable gloves reduces
the risk of infection between
you and someone you’...
OTHER ITEMS:
• Cleansing wipes, alcohol free
wipes: To clean the skin around the
wound
• Gauze pads as dressings: To use ...
MEDICATIONS
 Aloe Vera gel
 Calamine lotion
 Anti-Diarrhea medication
 Laxative
 Antacids
 Antihistamine, such as
d...
Identifying School and Community Resources in case of Injury or Emergency
Identifying School and Community Resources in case of Injury or Emergency
Identifying School and Community Resources in case of Injury or Emergency
Identifying School and Community Resources in case of Injury or Emergency
Identifying School and Community Resources in case of Injury or Emergency
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Identifying School and Community Resources in case of Injury or Emergency

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Injury (Unintentional and Intentional)
First Aid

This powerpoint was a report for our Physical Education Class. I shared this in the hope of helping my fellow students.

I hope this helps guys !

Publicado en: Educación
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Identifying School and Community Resources in case of Injury or Emergency

  1. 1. INJURYUnintentional or intentional damage to the body resulting from acute exposure to thermal, mechanical, electrical, or chemical energy or from the absence of such essentials as heat or oxygen. Injuries can be further classified based on the events and behaviors that precede them as well as the intent of the persons involved. At the broadest level, injuries are classified as either violence or unintentional injuries.
  2. 2. INTENTIONAL INJURY ARE INJURIES RESULTING FROM VIOLENCE.
  3. 3. SELF INFLICTED WHEN A PERSON HARMS HIMSELF/HERSELF ON PURPOSE
  4. 4.  SUICIDE the intentional taking of one’s own life. Many of those who attempt suicide do not receive mental and emotional counselling because their families try to hide the problem because they are ashamed of it. Because of this, the problem is not solved and the attempt to commit suicide can be repeated.
  5. 5.  PARASUICIDE a suicide attempt in which a person does not intend to die. It is often a cry for help, meaning, the person wants others to know what she/he is feeling. Despite this, parasuicide should be taken seriously because it may also lead to death.
  6. 6. ASSAULT WHEN PERSON/PERSONS HARM ANOTHER ON PURPOSE
  7. 7. COMMITTED WITHIN THE FAMILY  DOMESTIC VIOLENCE - an act that includes physical assault, sexual abuse and verbal abuse. There are some children who experience domestic violence in their homes. Their parents may think that their children do not know about the violence, but most of the time, the children are aware of it. They can feel helpless, scared and upset. Some of them blame themselves as they feel like the violence is their fault
  8. 8. COMMITTED BY PEERS BULLYING - an unwanted, aggressive behavior. The behavior is repeated, or can be repeated, over time. Both kids who are bullied and who bully others may have serious, lasting problems. EXTORTION - the act of using force or threats to force people to hand over their money or properties, on favors. Victims are forced to give up their allowances, in exchange for the promise that they will not be beaten up.
  9. 9. STALKING - is a pattern of behavior that makes you feel afraid, nervous, harassed, or in danger. It is when someone repeatedly contacts you, follows you, sends you things, and talks to you, even when you don’t want them to. It is very threatening to the person being stalked, because the behaviors and actions of the stalker often invade his/her privacy.
  10. 10. COMMITED BY OTHER GROUPS GANG AND YOUTH VIOLENCE A gang is defined as a relatively tough, mostly street-based group of young people who regard themselves and may be seen by others as a group that engages in a range of criminal activity and violence. Gang members are responsible for a majority of serious crimes, like extortion, theft and robbery. They are also likely to be involved in selling drugs and are more likely to bring weapons to school for fear of attack from rival gangs
  11. 11. ILLEGAL FRATERNITY-RELATED VIOLENCE A fraternity is a group of people with similar backgrounds, occupations, interests, or tastes. And since most fraternities are based in colleges and universities, some would join fraternities for academic support. Most youths would also join fraternities because of the sense of belongingness that these fraternities would provide.
  12. 12. To maintain their exclusiveness, fraternity members would require an applicant to undergo a series of initiation rites to become part of the “brotherhood”. One of these is hazing, or activities that involve harassment, abuse, or humiliation. Hazing can be very dangerous to applicants, as they will be subjected to physical and psychological suffering like being beaten with wooden paddles and may cause them a lot of injuries. Some even die in the process.
  13. 13. Schools have a responsibility to prevent injuries from occurring on school property and at school-sponsored events. In addition, schools can teach students the skills needed to promote safety and prevent unintentional injuries, violence, and suicide while at home, at work, at play, in the community, and throughout their lives.
  14. 14. However, educational interventions alone cannot produce major reductions in injury or injury risks. Effective school- based injury-prevention efforts address policies and procedures, staff development, the physical environment of the school, and the curriculum in a coordinated manner. School efforts to promote safety can be part of a coordinated school health program, which is "an integrated set of planned, sequential, and school-affiliated strategies, activities, and services designed to promote the optimal physical, emotional, social, and educational development of students.
  15. 15. A coordinated school health program involves and is supportive of families and is determined by the local community based on community needs, resources, standards, and requirements. It is coordinated by a multidisciplinary team and accountable to the community for program quality and effectiveness“.
  16. 16. Just as individual strategies cannot be implemented in isolation from each other, schools cannot effectively address unintentional injury, violence, and suicide problems in isolation. School personnel, students, families, community organizations and agencies, and businesses can collaborate to develop, implement, and evaluate injury-prevention efforts.
  17. 17. Ideally, coordinated school health programs should include multiple components comprehensive health education; physical education; school health services [school counselling, and psychological and social services]; school nutrition services; healthy and safe school environment; school-site health promotion for staff members; staff development; and family and community involvement . Coordinated school health programs can improve the health, safety, and educational prospects of students
  18. 18. UNINTENTIONAL INJURY INJURIES WHICH ARE NOT EXPECTED; ALSO KNOWN AS ACCIDENTS
  19. 19. FRACTURE a break or crack in a bone. An open fracture pierces the skin surface while in closed fracture the skin above is intact DISLOCATION a partial or complete displacement of the bones.
  20. 20. SPRAIN an injury to the ligaments of a bone due to accidental tearing or overstretching STRAIN an injury to the muscles which is a result of improper use of muscle
  21. 21. HEAT EXHAUSTION caused by loss of salt and water due to excessively high temperature. FOOD POISONING caused by consuming food or drink that is contaminated with bacteria or viruses.
  22. 22. HEART ATTACK caused by a sudden obstruction of blood supply to the part of heart muscles CHOKING results when a foreign object blocks the throat
  23. 23. Safety and Injury Prevention  Use a reporting system to record injuries that happen at school. This information can be used to identify causes and plan preventive strategies for the school.  Provide appropriate adult supervision for all sports, recreation, and play activities.  Teach children how to use playground equipment properly.  Establish safety rules and use the proper safety gear for sporting activities.  Ensure regular equipment checks and maintenance.
  24. 24. FIRST AID MUST HAVE STERILE DRESSINGS AND PLASTERS: • Plasters: Use plasters for small cuts and grazes. • Sterile pad: For more cushioning you can use a sterile pad and hold it in place with sticky tape. You could also use any clean, non-fluffy material, like a cloth scarf
  25. 25. • Sterile wound dressing: A sterile wound dressing is a sterile pad attached to a bandage. These are for larger wounds to apply pressure to help stop bleeding and are quick and easy to put on in an emergency.
  26. 26. BANDAGES: • Roller bandages: Roller bandages are long thin bandages rolled up. Use a roller bandage to support joint injuries, hold dressings in place, put pressure on wounds to stop bleeding, and to reduce swelling • Triangular bandages: Triangular bandages are large triangular shaped pieces of cloth. You can fold a triangular bandage to use as either a bandage or sling, or, if sterile, as a dressing for large wounds and burns.
  27. 27. PROTECTIVE ITEMS: • Disposable gloves: Using disposable gloves reduces the risk of infection between you and someone you’re helping. If they’re available, always wear gloves whenever you dress wounds or deal with any body fluids or waste
  28. 28. OTHER ITEMS: • Cleansing wipes, alcohol free wipes: To clean the skin around the wound • Gauze pads as dressings: To use as padding, or as swabs to clean around wounds • Sticky tape (adhesive tape): To hold dressings in place or to hold the loose end of bandages • Pins and clips: To fasten the loose end of bandages • Scissors, shears and tweezers: To cut sterile pads, bandages or sticky tape to the right length. You can also use them if you need to cut someone’s clothing, so that you can get to a wound
  29. 29. MEDICATIONS  Aloe Vera gel  Calamine lotion  Anti-Diarrhea medication  Laxative  Antacids  Antihistamine, such as diphenhydramine  Pain relievers, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and aspirin (never give aspirin to children)  Hydrocortisone cream  Cough and cold medications

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