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UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
UoMilan - OSHW
Chemin, Bandara
Introduction
Early Prototyping
Rationale
δT Tower
δT parts
δT Setup
MWS Tower
Power Supply
...
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An Open Source Hardware & Software Online Grid of Weather Stations for Sri Lanka

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Presented by IWMI's Yann Chemin at the University of Milan, Italy, April 25, 2015.

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An Open Source Hardware & Software Online Grid of Weather Stations for Sri Lanka

  1. 1. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions An Open Source Hardware & Software Online Grid of Weather Stations For Sri Lanka Yann Chemin, Niroshan Bandara International Water Management Institute Univ. of Moratuwa, Fac. of Archi., Town & Country Planning Dept. April 25th, 2015
  2. 2. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Contents Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions
  3. 3. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions CGIAR Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research Ratified on October 2nd, 2013 Full Open Access & Open Source Research data and publication International Public Goods Public Domain Publications Open Access FOSS models and algorithms 2018: all 15 CG centres, already FOSS4G Lab: (gsl.worldagroforestry.org)
  4. 4. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Outline Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions
  5. 5. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Overview For agricultural and hazard monitoring, WMO-level accuracy of weather data is not needed. We are introducing a low-cost weather station based on Arduino for extending the Na- tional network of the Meteorological Department in Sri Lanka. Low-cost, locally-made, OSHW weather station National Distributed Monitoring Grid Online Aggregation Mobile/Web Apps
  6. 6. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Outline Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions
  7. 7. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Rationale
  8. 8. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Rationale
  9. 9. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Rationale
  10. 10. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Open Source Hardware Micro Weather Station v0 Micro Weather Station v0: Temperature Profiler for ET models calibration Arduino Pro 3.3V Water-proof Digital Temperature Sensors Li-ion Battery + Solar Panel OpenLog data logger with SD card Cost < 100 USD
  11. 11. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Open Source Hardware Micro Weather Station v0 OpenLog + Arduino Pro
  12. 12. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions MWS Setup
  13. 13. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions δT Setup
  14. 14. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Outline Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions
  15. 15. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Open Source Hardware Micro Weather Station v1 Micro Weather Station v1: Meteorological support for Irrigation Department in Sri Lanka, for faster management of rural reservoirs spilling in case of high rain intensity. Lakduino (www.lakduino.com) Weather Sensor Board GPRS Modem Board Data logger with 8/16Gb micro-SD card Moto battery + Solar Panel
  16. 16. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Open Source Hardware Micro Weather Station v0
  17. 17. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Wind Sensors
  18. 18. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Raingauge 1 Chinese made raingauge 3D view from scion.lk
  19. 19. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Raingauge 2 Public Domain, locally-designed rain gauge https://grabcad.com/library/rain-gauge-design-1 from scion.lk
  20. 20. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Electronics
  21. 21. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Weather Shield Made in country by a local SME in electronics. Picture credit: Neil Palmer (IWMI)
  22. 22. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Set up Picture credit: Niroshan Bandara (UoM)
  23. 23. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Outline Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions
  24. 24. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Arduino IDE Arduino IDE (http://arduino.cc) with source code for accessing sensors and data logging.
  25. 25. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions istSOS OGC SOS server implementation written in Python. Sensor Observation Service standard. Manage and dispatch observations from monitoring sensors
  26. 26. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions PyWPS Developed by Jachym Cepicky (http://les-ejk.cz/) OGC WPS standard Server side Written in Python Language Version 4 in the making v4 Low-level API: integration with GRASS GIS v4 Possible pyGRASS support
  27. 27. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions PyWPS system used in FESS study PyWPS v2 style
  28. 28. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Outline Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions
  29. 29. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Conclusions An Open Source Hardware/Software Low-Cost Weather Station Arduino: Micro-controller Sensors: Rain, wind, temperature, humidity Local: 80+% made in the country of use by SMEs Local: Maintenance & spare parts with local SMEs Local: Local shop sells rural solar power kit Local: Local blacksmith for steel work We work with a rural tank manager from irrigation department for realtime rain alerts. Red Cross is evaluating the concept for a project in Togo. Other countries are evaluating for other applications.
  30. 30. UoMilan - OSHW Chemin, Bandara Introduction Early Prototyping Rationale δT Tower δT parts δT Setup MWS Tower Power Supply Wind Sensors Raingauge 1 Raingauge 2 Electronics Weather Shield Set up Software Arduino IDE istSOS PyWPS Conclusions Thank You

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